An Emerald Miracle In The Palm Of The Sahara

An Emerald Miracle In The Palm Of The Sahara
An Emerald Miracle In The Palm Of The Sahara

Video: An Emerald Miracle In The Palm Of The Sahara

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Exhausted by the long and dull autumn-winter season, almost constantly devoid of the sun, Muscovites passionately dream of the sun and the sea. I am no exception to this number of dreamers. And at the end of May I finally escaped from Moscow and flew to the Red Sea. This time, fate and my travel agency brought me to Makadi, a very young Egyptian resort on the shores of the Red Sea. Makadi Bay is a bay 30 kilometers south of Hurghada airport. This place is really beautiful and unique in all respects, but I want to tell you not about the beauty of Makadi hotel ensembles, not about its magnificent beaches and not even about the amazing, amazing, living sea. No less than all of the above, I was struck by the abundance and riot of vegetation in this town.

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Egypt is one of the few countries whose territory is located on two continents at once - in northeast Africa and on the Sinai Peninsula in Asia. In terms of its area, it is one of the largest states in the world, and in terms of population it is the largest in the Arab East. However, due to unfavorable climatic conditions, the Egyptians live in an area that makes up only 4% of the total area of ​​the state. The Nile is the longest river in the world and the only surface water source in Egypt that gives life to living things. 90% of the Egyptian population lives in 3% of the territory in the Nile Delta and Valley. Nature has given man here a huge continuous oasis separating the Libyan and Arabian deserts. Only a narrow strip of life 1,500 kilometers from north to south. Everything else is desert.The Arabian Desert to the west of the Nile extends to the Red Sea and is surrounded by mountains. This is not at all solid sand and dunes, with caravans of camels wandering through them, as we imagine a desert in our imagination. This is a completely hard and almost lifeless surface of stone and limestone, where natural wonders are found only occasionally - islets of life fed by underground sources - oases.

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This is the picture that opens from the window of the plane when approaching Egypt. Initially, the coast of Makadi Bay was also deserted and deserted; its development by man began only in the mid-1990s. Investors were attracted here by the clear sea, luxurious beaches, intact underwater flora and fauna and remoteness from the noisy and dirty Hurghada. And just ten years later, a real oasis grew here.

If you look into world history, you will find that the contribution of Ancient Egypt to the development of the culture of horticulture and the introduction of plants is very extensive. Archaeological finds suggest that cultural gardening was already widespread in ancient Egypt.

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Fruits, seeds and various plant parts have been found in burial sites. Ancient drawings indicate that the ancient Egyptians already had two types of gardens: secular and temple. Many plants in Egypt were considered sacred: lotus, ancient sycamore, juniper, tamarisk, Nile acacia. Each temple had its own sacred tree and its own sacred groves. Records have survived to this day, telling that rare plants were brought from conquered and distant countries as valuable prey; plant roots were neatly packed in boxes with earth, and then such "live trophies" were planted around temples and palaces. Water lilies, cornflowers and poppies, date palms, and, of course, sycamores grew in the secular gardens of Ancient Egypt. Some of the paintings show gazebos entwined with grapes. Egyptians in ancient times cultivated black,purple, red, white, and pale green grapes, pomegranates, watermelons, chicory, and onions.

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Poppy, water lilies, saffron, white lily were grown not only for beauty, but also as medicinal plants. For watering their gardens, the Egyptians created a special system of canals through which water from the Nile flowed. A significant contribution to the development of horticulture was made by Ramses III (1198-1166 BC), during whose reign more than five hundred gardens were created, and for the first time they began to practice planting small trees and shrubs in large decorative clay vases. Not many people today know that the history of indoor and tub plants begins already in Ancient Egypt.

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Ancient scientists and healers from various countries searched Egypt for new knowledge about aromatic substances, because the glory of the Egyptian priests in this area was enormous. The Egyptians bred aromatic plants specially brought from distant countries (even from China and India). In their aromatic gardens grew Atlantic cedar, cinnamon tree, cistus, chamomile, marjoram, coriander, cloves, lilies, jasmine and many other plants that are so familiar to us today. For thousands of years, people in these parts have learned not only to survive on their own, but also to grow the plants they need, and this knowledge has multiplied and passed on from generation to generation.

But back to today. The road from Hurghada airport as a gray strip of asphalt falls on the reddish chest of the Arabian desert. Half an hour later, crossing the checkpoint with a large symbolic gate, you find yourself in a completely different world. The man-made oasis of Makadi, raging with bright colors of living greenery, contrasts sharply with the surrounding lifelessness of the desert landscape. IN

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these places, modern man is still fighting desperately with the desert, slowly and difficult, but still conquering its territory. The plant abundance of the young Makadi resort exists only thanks to a solid fusion of centuries-old traditions of Egyptian gardening, modern landscape design technologies and the constant painstaking work of a huge army of gardeners and landscape architects. All living things here have to adapt to an extremely hot and dry climate, a constant lack of moisture. It almost never rains here, and the air temperature sometimes reaches 60 degrees above zero! That is why the abundance of plant species planted on this land is so amazing, constantly retaining their attractiveness. Along with the majestic date palms familiar to Africa and no less regal representatives of succulents,striking is a great variety of outlandish flowers and flowering trees, conifers, an abundance of vines and the delicate silk of emerald green lawns. Even a small garden of topiary forms has been created on the territory of Makadi. Both adults and children are delighted with bunnies and turtles created from trimmed greens of Benjamin's ficuses, elegant teapots, original turntables and lanterns, smiling faces and strict slender geometric figures. And the arches, skillfully created from calistemons, reliably shelter the alleys from the hot sun, even in the hottest, afternoon hours of the day. Everywhere the colorful bougainvillea cheerfully colors the facades of buildings, balconies, terraces, pavilions and gazebos with its bright shades.Even a small garden of topiary forms has been created on the territory of Makadi. Both adults and children are delighted with bunnies and turtles created from trimmed greens of Benjamin's ficuses, elegant teapots, original turntables and lanterns, smiling faces and strict slender geometric figures. And the arches, skillfully created from calistemons, reliably shelter the alleys from the hot sun, even in the hottest, afternoon hours of the day. Everywhere the colorful bougainvillea cheerfully colors the facades of buildings, balconies, terraces, pavilions and gazebos with its bright shades.Even a small garden of topiary forms has been created on the territory of Makadi. Both adults and children are delighted with bunnies and turtles created from trimmed greens of Benjamin's ficuses, elegant teapots, original turntables and lanterns, smiling faces and strict slender geometric figures. And the arches, skillfully created from calistemons, reliably shelter the alleys from the hot sun, even in the hottest, afternoon hours of the day. Everywhere the colorful bougainvillea cheerfully colors the facades of buildings, balconies, terraces, pavilions and gazebos with its bright shades.And the arches, skillfully created from calistemons, reliably shelter the alleys from the hot sun, even in the hottest, afternoon hours of the day. Everywhere the colorful bougainvillea cheerfully colors the facades of buildings, balconies, terraces, pavilions and gazebos with its bright shades.And the arches, skillfully created from calistemons, reliably shelter the alleys from the hot sun, even in the hottest, afternoon hours of the day. Everywhere the colorful bougainvillea cheerfully colors the facades of buildings, balconies, terraces, pavilions and gazebos with its bright shades.

It's funny to see freely growing on the street what is familiar to us from childhood as an exclusively indoor plant in our area: dracaena, washingtonia and Benjamin's ficus are taller than human growth, impermeable agaves, yucca and akalifs, lush hibiscus, and lantana camara, which acts as a ground cover plant …

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fire tree
fire tree

There are also relatives, periwinkles, lilies, roses, mallow, cineraria, so lovely to our eyes. And they are in perfect harmony with the typical representatives of the local flora. It is simply amazing to see the gentle green conifers against the background of palm trees, and what are the tall cacti on the lawns !? The royal delonix makes an indelible impression on all Europeans. The beauty of a blossoming "fire" tree is beyond words. Its large spherical green buds are interesting in themselves, and in the period of full bloom it seems that the tree is enveloped in a living scarlet flame. It is simply impossible to pass by and not take a picture against its background!

fire tree
fire tree

All this green splendor survives in these almost extreme natural conditions only thanks to the tireless everyday work of gardeners. From early morning until sunset, a whole army of landscapers is busy with their pets. You must see with what tenderness and care each plant is examined! Every specimen, every flower bed, every plant composition is subject to daily inspection. Something needs to be removed, something should be trimmed, something should be tied up. Here, the plants are planted directly into the hot sand, each with a personal hose that supplies water and nutrients. A mixture of pigeon droppings and Nile silt is used as fertilizer. All "living" territories of Egypt are permeated with such irrigation systems, which allow planting plants not only within hotels, settlements, gardens and nurseries, but even along highways,walking through the desert. And they also carefully look after all the plants, without exception, wherever they grow. Even the line of palms growing along the motorways, cutting through the lifeless expanse of the desert, will have all the branches carefully tied up at the right time so that they are not damaged by strong seasonal winds. And bags that protect dates from any harmful effects will be dressed in due time for each bunch.

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To create plant compositions in Egypt, variegated forms of trees and shrubs with various ficuses or crotons are widely used, as well as numerous forms of summer trees to create a bright color scheme. Each such composition is a purely author's work that has no repetition. Perhaps because of the rather uniform color palette of the surrounding natural desert landscape, Egyptian masters are so fond of using different types of natural stone and original national ceramics in their compositions. Here and there, fancy ceramic flowerpots and pots, skillfully dug in, perfectly convey the style of national traditions. Here they know the value of a blessed shade, so in any green areas, even very tiny ones, you can always find a lovingly arranged cozy corner with a bench, giving coolness to the body, joy to the eyes and peace to the soul.

A good tradition has developed in Makadi: new plants are purchased with money donated by tourists. Near each such instance there is a sign informing about whose contribution to the landscaping of the town. It is gratifying that the names of our compatriots can be found on these plates.

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The intentions of the investors in the new resort center were not limited to the creation of an ordinary green recreation area. Makadi also has its own golf course with an area of ​​1.4 million square meters. This landscape looks fantastic! Surrounded by mountain ranges and the Red Sea under the scorching sun of the desert, an endless green expanse of tender grass opens up in an interweaving of intricate cascades, lagoons and three lakes with sea water coming directly from the coastline. The herbs Sea isle and Sea Dwarf Paspalmum are used to create this field.

We left Makadi on the morning of the last day of May. For all the staff of Makadi, a normal working day began, filled to the brim with worries and worries. The mercury in the thermometer has passed the mark of 40 degrees above zero …

Especially for GreenInfo.ru

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