Flying Goats Or Tree Of Eternal Youth

Flying Goats Or Tree Of Eternal Youth
Flying Goats Or Tree Of Eternal Youth
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To the question: "What is argania?" - not everyone will answer. Perhaps only experts in the cosmetic industry and those who have traveled to Morocco will find the answer unmistakably. So what is argania?

Argan is an amazing tree that grows only in Morocco, and not everywhere there. Argan grows exclusively in the western-central part of the country (Souss) and the Atlas Mountains.

Latin name - Argania spinosa (iron tree)

Family - Sapotaceae (Sapotovye)

Description: An evergreen tree up to 15 meters high and with a life expectancy of 150 - 300 years. In the harsh desert conditions, fruits appear on the tree only once every two years. The fleshy fruits of the argan tree are larger than olives and look like yellow plums, each fruit has a seed with a very hard shell (16 times stronger than that of a hazelnut) 2-3 nucleoli resembling almonds. Fruit color is dark yellow, from golden to deep red. The smell is light, with pronounced tones of nuts and spices. The taste is slightly reminiscent of pumpkin seed, but more piquant and noble, leaving a tangy aftertaste.

Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)
Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)

Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)

The indigenous population of Morocco - the Berbers - with pride and love call argan the tree of eternal youth and life, as it provides material for construction and fuel, food for people and animal feed, oil and medicine. From time immemorial, the secret of making the miraculous argan oil has been passed down from generation to generation in Berber families. Since this tree grows only in Morocco, it is not surprising that only a few years ago, except for the Berbers of Morocco, few people in the world knew about this oil. According to botanists' calculations, about two million trees grow in the Moroccan region on an area of ​​8,000 square kilometers. Several years ago, the argan tree was under the threat of extinction. The increasing demand for argan oil in the world has led tothat it is now necessary to take care of the conservation of the number of Argania spinosa trees, as well as to expand their planting. UNESCO in 1999 declared the region of Morocco in which these trees grow, a world biosphere reserve.

Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)
Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)

Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)

Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)
Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)

Argania spiny (Argania spinosa)

The healing properties of the oil.Argan oil is one of the most expensive, rare and valuable oils in the world; it is comparable in price to truffles, oysters or our black caviar. According to the Moroccan historian Abdelhadi Tazi, Morocco has exported extensively argan oil since the 8th century AD. The secret of argan oil is that it contains 45% oligo-linoleic acids. These acids inhibit skin cell aging and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. It is also an amazing source of Vitamin E (74%) due to its alpha-tocopherol content. Saponins and tocopherols, contained in large quantities in argan oil extract, have a pronounced antioxidant effect and make the oil indispensable in the fight against premature aging of the body. Due to its specific and unique composition, the oil is used in dietary,for cosmetic and medical purposes.

The unique properties of the oil are explained by its chemical composition: it consists of 80% unsaturated fatty acids, including about 35% linoleic acid, which is not produced in the body and can only be obtained from the outside. Argan oil is rich in natural antioxidants - polyphenols and tocopherols. By the content of tocopherols, argan oil is 2.5-3 times higher than olive oil. Polyphenols have anti-inflammatory effects. Argan oil also contains rare sterols not found in any other oil that have powerful desensitizing and anti-inflammatory properties.

Due to its miraculous properties, argan oil is used today in cosmetology, as a means of combating many severe skin diseases, as well as a powerful anti-aging agent. Medicine also takes advantage of the medicinal properties of argan oil to fight diabetes and various infectious and cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer's disease and immune disorders.

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The process of making butter. Until now, the process of making oil from the fruit of the argan tree is very difficult and painstaking. Only women and … goats are involved in this process! Yes, do not be surprised, it is goats. Local goats have long appreciated the properties of medicinal argan and even mastered a special technique of balancing on tree branches for the sake of it. Such a picture can be seen only in Morocco: a dozen goats graze peacefully … on a tree, sometimes deftly and gracefully moving from branch to branch at a height of 5 m above the ground! The skin of argan fruit is a favorite delicacy of local goats, who devour this skin, spitting out the fruit, and thus carry out the first stage of cleaning the argan fruit.

Next, the fruits are harvested and dried in the sun. The dried fruits are cleaned of fibers and the Berber women manually crack the shells of the fruits with stones. To squeeze the edible oil, the seeds collected from the fruits are pre-fried over light heat to give them a characteristic tart nutty flavor. Argan oil is also prepared for cosmetic use, but the seeds are not roasted - as a result, it is almost odorless. The oil is pressed using a mechanical press, then filtered through special paper.

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According to experts, the Berbers harvest about 350 thousand tons of argan seeds a year and get about 12 million liters of oil from them. This is very little, for comparison: the world produces nearly 9 billion liters of sunflower oil annually, and about 3 billion liters of olive oil.

The main buyer of argan oil from Morocco today is the French cosmetics industry. And the range of products offered by modern cosmetology containing this wonderful oil is quite wide: rejuvenating and regenerating creams for skin and nails, hair strengthening products, massage oils and bath products. By the way, if you are going to relax in Morocco, then you will not find better means for getting a unique bronze tan without any danger of getting sunburned in the burning African sun than argan oil!

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