Video: The Arctic Is Far And Near
December 24, 2008 at the State Biological Museum. K.A. Timiryazev hosted a round table "International Polar Year 2007-2008", which summed up the results of the museum's participation in this significant and rare event. The International Polar Year is celebrated once every 50 years to draw the attention of scientists and the public to the problems of the Arctic. Given the significance of the event, we deviated from the plant theme to cover this event.
The roundtable program was opened by the performance "North of the 67th parallel"Mikhail Nikolaevich Ivanov, an employee of the museum, who was lucky enough to take part in the international expeditions "Arctic-2007 and" Arctic-2008 "as part of the biological team on the ship" Akademik Fedorov ". The guests learned fascinating details of the expeditions, which remained unnoticed by the press, which mainly described only the immersion of the Mir station at the point of the North Pole. The main conclusion of the expeditions is to state the significant impact of global climate changes on the Arctic zone. The Arctic is becoming much more accessible: the ice has moved to the North and the Northern Sea Route has become passable during the navigation period without icebreakers. The disappearance of ice affected the life of animals - there was a frequent appearance of polar bears near northern settlements. The main research topic of the biological detachment was seabirds and,first of all, the endemic of the Arctic - the ivory gull. Large colonies of these birds on high-latitude islands have been investigated, the latest information about which dates back to 1957. The expedition also assessed the distribution of animals and birds along the entire Northern Sea Route from the White Sea to Wrangel Island. Researchers have noted the most acute environmental problems in this region. A huge amount of garbage, barrels of fuel and lubricants are traces of the recent development of the Arctic.A huge amount of garbage, barrels of fuel and lubricants are traces of the recent development of the Arctic.A huge amount of garbage, barrels of fuel and lubricants are traces of the recent development of the Arctic.
The second presentation was devoted to the search for a burial place and the restoration of the appearance of Captain-Commander Vitus Bering, about which Alexandra Petrovna Avchukhova, an employee of the GBMT, spoke about.
Zvyagin Viktor Nikolaevich, Head of the Department of Forensic Medical Personality Identification of the Russian Center for Forensic Medicine, Professor, Honored Doctor of the Russian Federation, Honorary Member of the Medical Academy of Integrative Anthropology, touched upon the details of the reconstruction by the method of M.M. Gerasimov's appearance of Commander Bering, the Norwegian explorer Thyssen, the Solovetsky saints, in which he was directly involved. A fascinating, subtle story about expeditions to burial areas, literally breathing the romance of the North and the spirit of the lost expeditions, could serve as the basis for a book called "The Arctic in my life" (this was the topic of the report).
The round table was timed to coincide with the opening of the exhibition "Far and Near Arctic", which is held in the museum from December 21 to February 15 and is dedicated to the nature of the Arctic region, including the tundra, and forest-tundra, and the northern taiga zone. There is no consensus on the boundaries of the Arctic, but the most generally accepted is the 67th parallel, and it is not so far from Moscow. The name of the exhibition was not chosen by chance - it clearly demonstrates that the wildlife of the Moscow region and the Arctic includes common species of animals and plants, and is associated with migratory birds.
Visitors to our portal, probably, will most of all be interested in information about the flora, which is far from limited to lichen. The bulk of flowering plants in the tundra are shrubs, shrubs and perennial grasses. There are some grasses and sedges, few legumes. There are many herbaceous plants with a short growing season, and therefore the flowers are larger and brighter, and the colors are richer. When the tundra blooms, it looks like a motley colorful carpet.
A small section of the exposition was created with the participation of the Museum of Decorative and Applied Arts and demonstrates handicrafts made from mammoth tusk and whale bones. These are ancient national crafts, because the indigenous peoples of the North have roots dating back to the 3rd-2nd millennium BC.
I would like to draw your attention to the unique highly professional photographs of M.N. Ivanov, made during expeditions in the Arctic. These are rare pictures of northern animals and plants, a panorama of the current state of the Arctic nature.
In parallel, the exhibition "Children paint the Arctic"(December 21 - February 15), demonstrating children's perception of the surrounding nature. These are the works of Yakut schoolchildren from the small town of Zhigansk, located on the banks of the Lena River. The exhibition was for them the result of the next stage of a large research work within the framework of the international project "Pan-Arctic cooperation". This project is led by Max Holmes of the Woods Hole Research Center in Boston, USA. Schoolchildren, teachers and students from the state of Alaska, Canada, and Russia participate in the project, observing the state of large rivers in order to find out the seasonal and annual dynamics of changes in river systems and understand their role in climatic processes. Thanks to this project, an ecological club was born in Zhiganskaya secondary school,members of which once every two weeks take water samples from the Lena River and use special devices for chemical analysis to study the samples. At the Republican Olympiad "Step into the Future" (2008), which brought together 750 participants, the work of Nadya Koval and Elena Neustroeva, based on long-term observations of the project participants, took 1st place.
In March 2007, an exhibition of works by Yakut schoolchildren was already held at the Arts Center in Kohaset (Massachusetts), then at the United Nations, the American Museum of Natural History, the headquarters of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (Washington), New England Aquarium (Boston), State Residence Vermont (Montpellier), Anchorage and Fairbank (Alaska). The exhibition is being held in Russia for the first time, then it will move to the Museum of the Arctic and Antarctic in St. Petersburg, and finally will join the main exhibition in America.
We are grateful to the GBMT staff for organizing this exhibition, since our portal GreenInfo.ru acted as an information sponsor of the exhibition and took part in its organization.
We invite adults and children to visit these exhibitions during the winter holidays. You will not only get acquainted with the mysterious world of the Arctic, but you can once again feel how small our planet is, how nature needs the protection and participation of man. You will be blown away not by the Arctic cold, but by the warmth of the hearts of the explorers of native nature - small and large, and the museum staff, who have approached this exposition with great knowledge and taste. We invite everyone to the museum!
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