The Fairy Kingdom Of Panacea

The Fairy Kingdom Of Panacea
The Fairy Kingdom Of Panacea

Video: The Fairy Kingdom Of Panacea

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There is a corner in Moscow that few people know about. The botanical garden of the All-Russian Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants is small but very cozy. The open ground area is only 9.5 hectares, the greenhouse area is about 1200 m 2… His age for a botanical garden is not that old - it was founded in 1951 at the institute. The laying work began directly in 1953, and in 1962 stock greenhouses began to function. The collection was collected in a fairly short period of time thanks to the numerous expeditions of the institute and exchange with other botanical institutions. During the perestroika period, it suffered quite a lot, like everything else in our country, but thanks to the enthusiasm and efforts of the employees, it is now being successfully restored. Currently, the funds include about 1300 plant species from almost 100 families. Of great interest are rare and endangered species, of which there are several dozen in the collection. In recent years, a collection of phytoncidal plants has been created, which can be recommended for improving the indoor environment.

Floristic areas of open ground are located along an oval path, covering the entire garden, and are called the main regions of Russia. Walking, in half an hour, you can visit the Far East with a collection of aralia and other local rarities, Siberia and even the Crimea with the Caucasus. From the times of the Soviet Union, there is a section of the flora of Central Asia. Three cascading ponds give the garden a special charm. They are called that way: top, middle and bottom.

Pharmacopoeial section
Pharmacopoeial section

Pharmacopoeial section

On a relatively small area, you can see botanical exotic species from different climatic zones. Many of them, despite our harsh climate, are doing quite well. Here you can find plants that are used by scientific medicine and traditional healers, favorites of Chinese and Tibetan doctors and European herbalists. Many of these plants are botanical rarities that are very, very difficult to find in the wild.

The garden is beautiful at any time of the year. In winter, it is beautiful, resembling an enchanted forest from Russian fairy tales. It seems that just around the corner there will be a Morozko house or a hut on chicken legs.

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In spring, primroses appear on thawed patches, many of which are listed in the Red Book - hellebores, liverwort, snowdrops, Jeffersonia, poultry and white flowers. Delicate wolfberry flowers make their way among the bare branches. On the dull meadows, kandyks and podbely bloom, and under the trees that have not yet blossomed primroses, fragrant violets and lungwort.

A little further, in the Far East, arizema, obovate and lactic-flowered peonies appear, which are widely used by Chinese and Tibetan medicine, the flowers of Manchu apricot and Ussuri pear blossom. On the Siberian site, wild garlic grows and the evading peony blooms, or as it is also called - Maryin root, as well as the Asian swimsuit. A little later Siberian irises bloom.

Peony evading, or Maryin root
Peony evading, or Maryin root

Peony evading, or Maryin root

Asian swimsuit
Asian swimsuit

Asian swimsuit

The pharmacopoeial site greets us with a sunny spring adonis, a fragrant plot of Keyske and May lilies of the valley, blooming periwinkle, a luxurious plot of thick-leaved berry and a whole meadow of Siberian Scylla. Blooming podophiles look very mysterious. And there are 2 types of them in the pharmacopoeial area - thyroid podophilus and Himalayan podophilus (sometimes it is called Emod's podophilus). With powerful leaves and peduncles, palm-shaped rhubarb declares itself. The tricolor violet sown last fall blooms. If in nature this is a rather ordinary-looking plant, then on a plot with appropriate care it transforms and may look no worse than varietal pansies.

Badan thick-leaved
Badan thick-leaved

Badan thick-leaved

Himalayan podophyllum, or Emoda
Himalayan podophyllum, or Emoda

Himalayan podophyllum, or Emoda

Violet tricolor
Violet tricolor

Violet tricolor

Following them, hawthorns, rose hips, apple trees and honeysuckle bloom magnificently throughout the garden. The flowering of these plants is a "signal" for the nightingales to sing.

Perhaps the most beautiful time in the botanical garden is June-July. Most types of medicinal plants bloom. On the pharmacopoeial site, leafy arnica, sandy immortelle, canadian hydrastis, alpine penny blossom bloom, white, yellow, purple digitalis flowers are revealed. The most elegant is the woolly foxglove, the less lush ones are the large-flowered foxglove and the ciliated foxglove, and the most modest one is the purple foxglove. Most fragrant plants bloom - medicinal hyssop, fistus and double monarda, Moldavian snakehead, thyme, medicinal sage, oregano, in some years clary sage blooms magnificently and, of course, the decoration of all this rampage is the beautiful narrow-leaved lavender. Then elecampane, marshmallow, forest mallow and Baikal skullcap bloom.

Snakehead moldavian
Snakehead moldavian

Snakehead moldavian

Carnioli scopoly
Carnioli scopoly

Carnioli scopoly

Foxglove large-flowered
Foxglove large-flowered

Foxglove large-flowered

On the Crimea-Caucasus section, a wig tree is blooming - a tanning skumpia, and a Syrian cotton wool, whose flowers are fragrant with hyacinths. In the area of ​​Western Europe, mountain arnica, yellow gentian and erect clematis bloom, in the Far East - Ledebour's swimsuit and a spectacular mountain woman.

The end of July and August are decorated with late blooming of Echinacea purpurea and pale. The lights of rowan and rose hips light up. In the Far East, the flowers of the magnificent burnet appear, the fruits of three species of actinidia and, of course, Schisandra chinensis ripen. Bunches of aralia and balls of Eleutherococcus prickly are read to darken. Japanese anemone and buzulniki bloom.

Rose wrinkled
Rose wrinkled

Rose wrinkled

Buzulnik
Buzulnik

Buzulnik

Wintering horsetail
Wintering horsetail

Wintering horsetail

The pharmacopoeial section greets us with amusing triangular boxes of Caucasian, Nippon and deltoid Dioscorea, lush stonecrop bloom and graceful greenery of heart-shaped macleia (decorators often call it by the old name of bokconia). Coquettishly peeking out from the powerful leaves are the red fruits of the tall lure - a relative of ginseng in the Red Book, and the spiky balls of the Ural licorice fruit.

Dioscorea deltoid
Dioscorea deltoid

Dioscorea deltoid

September is coming. For employees, this is a rather troublesome time to collect the bulk of the seeds and prepare the plants for winter.

Reflecting in the quiet surface of the pond, riverine maples blaze with bright leaves. Plants begin to prepare for winter. Most species gradually fall asleep, trees lose their foliage. But, like the last splash of the outgoing summer, crop plants blooming violently and amicably. The spectacle is mesmerizing and it seems that the warmth will return again. But alas. Winter is inevitably approaching and the botanical garden again hides its beauty under the snow, turning into an enchanted forest, until the next spring.

But the greenhouse lives by its own laws - the plants of the tropics do not know rest and require attention all year round. It contains many interesting species: representatives of the ginger family, primarily cardamom, which has established itself as a wonderful phytoncidal plant. Papaya bears fruit periodically. The papain obtained from it finds new and new applications in medicine, for example, in the treatment of intervertebral hernia. For kidney stones, erva woolly and staminate orthosiphon, often called kidney tea, are widely used in scientific medicine, which can also be seen in the greenhouse. And, of course, in a conspicuous place you can find several types of scarlet and Kalanchoe pinnate.

In the subtropical part, several species of eucalyptus, citrus fruits, medicinal rosemary, common myrtle, ficus carica (figs), feijoa, ginkgo biloba are collected. Even ivy is not accidental here: now they are preparing an antitussive agent, and the ancient Romans used it in the form of a poultice against … cellulite.

There is such a wonderful corner on the edge of Moscow!

Photo: Elena Malankina, Rita Brilliantova, Maxim Minin

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