Spring In Dahlem

Spring In Dahlem
Spring In Dahlem

Video: Spring In Dahlem

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Friedenau to Dahlem | Berlin 2023, February
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Berlin Botanical Garden Map
Berlin Botanical Garden Map

Berlin Botanical Garden Map

We have already written on the pages of Greeninfo about the Botanical Garden of Berlin - this wonderful corner that attracts botanists from all over the world. But the previous article dealt mainly with the botanical museum and the greenhouse. Now is the time to talk about one of the largest outdoor collections in Europe.

I strongly advise you to visit the site of this amazing oasis of the goddess Flora before going to Berlin. There are advertisements about the expected flowering of the most interesting and rare plants. And many plant lovers, primarily pensioners, rush to admire the creativity of nature. Moreover, the site even compiled a map of movement so as not to miss anything! In March, for example, it is time for primroses. And we managed to get to the flowering of amorphophallus. An impressive sight!

Berlin Botanical Garden Map
Berlin Botanical Garden Map

Berlin Botanical Garden Map

On the site, you can get advice on caring for home and garden plants, phone numbers and times when you need to call are indicated. And mind you - it's completely free!

Special botany lessons are held for schoolchildren, any biology teacher can register and bring students, and a specialist on a specific topic will lead them through the appropriate exposition. Since this is supported by the patronage of UNESCO, I think that the money is also from there, and not from the pocket of the parents.

The site contains a detailed diagram of the garden, which allows you to determine what interests you in the first place. Although from my own experience, having visited the garden 4 times, I can confidently say that everything is very interesting, almost at any time of the year the excursion will not be useless. But, of course, spring, autumn and summer are the most favorable seasons to visit.

Wisteria at the entrance to the botanical garden
Wisteria at the entrance to the botanical garden

Wisteria at the entrance to the botanical garden

Let's start our overview from the entrance located next to the botanical museum. Just behind the building is an aquatic plant area and a moss garden. The latter is a very touching spectacle - the entire exposition is covered with a grid on top, which protects not so much from people (it is not customary to drag everything you see from the botanical garden), but from birds and animals that may not understand the scientific value of the exhibits. For the convenience of viewing the exposition, in order not to bend, you need to go down a few steps along the ladder, and the mosses will be exactly at the level of your eyes. I saw this "mulka" not only here, but also, for example, in the arboretum of the University of Forest in Brno. Very comfortably. Aquatic plants are comfortably located in pools of appropriate volume and depth.

Aquatic plants
Aquatic plants

Aquatic plants

Aquatic plants
Aquatic plants

Aquatic plants

Moss garden
Moss garden

Moss garden

Along the wide alley, a view opens on one side of the greenhouse, where the Palmenhaus (palm house) was recently opened - this is the loving name for the palm greenhouse, which was built for several years over the old dome so as not to damage the precious collection, on the other side - of the charming Italian garden. I must say that in the winter time he somehow did not make an impression, but in the spring …

Aromatic Plant Plot
Aromatic Plant Plot

Aromatic Plant Plot

We pass the greenhouse and find ourselves in a fragrant garden. This is the kingdom of gingerbread plants and fragrant flowers. Here you will find aromatic plants of the Mediterranean, representatives of different chemotypes of the same species (for example, common thyme is one species, but the bushes smell differently), attractively flowering aromatic plants and shrubs, aromatic summer-flowering plants - sage with different odors, violets, heliotrope, a variety of lanthanas. In addition, fragrant ornamental plants are presented - peonies, roses, magnolias, yellow violets, Iberia, spicy plants from calamus to parsley, but we will also find them in other thematic areas. Pelargoniums of all shapes and sizes are especially impressive, although when we were in the garden, the peak of their beauty had not yet come.

Engler's grave
Engler's grave

Engler's grave

Here, on the territory of the garden, there is the grave of the great botanist of the late XIX - early XX centuries, Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler, who gave this garden several decades of his scientific work. Many of you, of course, have come across plant names with a cryptic ENGL at the end. This means that the species has been described by this remarkable scientist for the first time. And when looking at botanical literature, you will find a lot of such species, moreover, from various parts of the globe - he traveled and described the flora of many countries and continents, especially the then German colonies. At the age of 45, he was invited to Berlin and in October 1889 headed the work on plant taxonomy at the Friedrich Wilhelm University and at the same time the Imperial Botanical Garden and Museum in Schöneberg.And it was on his shoulders that the organization of the transfer of the collection from Schöneberg to Dahlem fell - and this is neither more nor less, about 20 thousand species at that time. In accordance with his last will, Engler was buried in the garden in 1930.

It makes no sense to move further along the central alley - on the right is an area closed to visitors, where science moves. Therefore, it is better to turn along the path to the geographical exposition. It starts from America, or rather from North America, represented by the prairies, mountains and forests of the USA and Canada.

Four types of coniferous forest and three deciduous ones are shown. Maybe botanists, reading this article, will disagree with the classification, but it is given in the form that the garden staff see it. The former include boreal coniferous and mixed forests: American larch (Larix laricina), Banks pine (Pinus banksiana), paper birch (Betula papyrifera); continental coniferous forests with fir, spruce and pine - monochromatic fir (Abies concolor), prickly spruce (Picea pungens), Oregon pine (Pinus ponderosa); coniferous forests of the northern Pacific coast with western larch (Larix occidentalis), pseudotsuga menziesii (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and folded thuja (Thuja plicata);coniferous forests of the southern part of the Pacific coast with more unusual and exotic names for our ear - downhill calocedrus (Calocedrus decurrens, nutkan cypress (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis), bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata), California forest torreya (Torreya californica). large lakes and the Atlantic part of North America: Weymouth pine (Pinus strobus), Canadian hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), Alleghenian birch (Betula alleghaniensis), maples, oaks; deciduous forests growing from Appalachians to Mississippi: pecan (Carya spp.), walnut (Juglans spp.), Tulip liriodendron (Liriodendron tulipifera), long-pointed magnolia (Magnolia acuminata); mixed forests of subtropics: two-row taxodium (Taxodium distichum),liquidambar styraciflua, magnolia virginica.

Prairies are reflected in a large assortment of representatives of the Astrov family: Coreopsis, Gaillardia, Helianthus, Liatris Solidago. From there came the well-known Echinacea (Echinacea).

A separate exposition in gray tones - wormwood steppes. Among the names that hardly speak to most of the names, shepherdia argentea (Shepherdia argentea), Louis wormwood (Artemisia ludoviciana), shaggy chrysopsis (Chrysopsis villosa), many-leaved lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus) suddenly appears the familiar and beloved as an ornamental plant Eshisholifornica.

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The rocky exhibit presents Montana, Appalachian Mountains and California mountains. In the spring this area blooms with kandyks and dicenters, and in the fall, colored with different colors, it gives a complete picture of the so-called "Indian summer" - Indian summer.

Asia is represented by Western Asia (Anatolia, the Black Sea coast, the Caucasus), the Himalayas (western and eastern), Central Asia (Pamir, Tien Shan, Altai and Siberia), China and Korea and a rather large area with Japanese plants, planted in accordance with various types of forests in the Japanese islands. Among magnolias and plums, there are Japanese cryptomeria (Cryptomeria japonica), Japanese sophora (Sophora japonica), Equiscale fir (Abies homolepis), Kempfer larch (Larix kaempferi), two-color spruce (Picea bicolor), representatives of the genera Tsuga (Tsuga)) and scarlet (Cercidiphyllum).

Asian exposition
Asian exposition

Asian exposition

Section of Japan
Section of Japan

Section of Japan

On the Asian exposition there is a large rock garden with mountain plants, such as Altai wolfberry, cinquefoil, noble corydalis, santolinol wormwood.

Altai wolfberry (Daphne altaica)
Altai wolfberry (Daphne altaica)

Altai wolfberry (Daphne altaica)

Naked cinquefoil (Potentilla glabra)
Naked cinquefoil (Potentilla glabra)

Naked cinquefoil (Potentilla glabra)

Branched breaker (Androsace sarmentosa)
Branched breaker (Androsace sarmentosa)

Branched breaker (Androsace sarmentosa)

Corydalis noble (Corydalis nobilis)
Corydalis noble (Corydalis nobilis)

Corydalis noble (Corydalis nobilis)

Delaway Peony (Paeonia delavayi)
Delaway Peony (Paeonia delavayi)

Delaway Peony (Paeonia delavayi)

Poppy pseudocanescens (Papaver pseudocanescens)
Poppy pseudocanescens (Papaver pseudocanescens)

Poppy pseudocanescens (Papaver pseudocanescens)

Of course, tree peonies are the hit of the May season. It was an incomparable riot of colors and shapes. The huge flowers, the size of a soup plate, seem to have come off Japanese and Chinese paintings on silk.

Tree peony (Paeonia x suffruticosa)
Tree peony (Paeonia x suffruticosa)

Tree peony (Paeonia x suffruticosa)

Tree peony (Paeonia x suffruticosa)
Tree peony (Paeonia x suffruticosa)

Tree peony (Paeonia x suffruticosa)

And it is quite natural that the European and Mediterranean and, especially, Alpine flora is represented very extensively.

Rosemary santolina (Santolina rosmarinifolia)
Rosemary santolina (Santolina rosmarinifolia)

Rosemary santolina (Santolina rosmarinifolia)

European sector
European sector

European sector

Rock garden
Rock garden

Rock garden

Alpine daphne (Daphne alpina)
Alpine daphne (Daphne alpina)

Alpine daphne (Daphne alpina)

In May, this site looked the most advantageous. Because our forest, at first glance, looks similar, but mountain plants are very interesting to see. Lumbago, wolfberry, globularia, basil were blooming. At the foot of the hills - peonies, first of all, medicinal peony.

Globularia point (Globularia bisnagarica)
Globularia point (Globularia bisnagarica)

Globularia point (Globularia bisnagarica)

Spring lumbago (Pulsatila vernalis)
Spring lumbago (Pulsatila vernalis)

Spring lumbago (Pulsatila vernalis)

Basil (Thalictrum aquilolium)
Basil (Thalictrum aquilolium)

Basil (Thalictrum aquilegifolium)

Cleaning broom (Cytisus purgans)
Cleaning broom (Cytisus purgans)

Cleaning broom (Cytisus purgans)

A plot of medicinal plants that occupies 3000 m 2, is located between the areas of taxonomy of herbaceous plants and useful plants, and includes about 230 species of plants used in medicine. In principle, the exposition is built according to the usual scheme, that is, according to the pharmacological action. But the way in which this is done and the overall state of the exhibit are amazing. The paths whimsically wind among the neat lawns, on which the plants are picturesquely arranged in accordance with their properties. In addition to traditional groups with calming and tonic, gastric, choleretic, laxative and fixing effects, there is an exposition with promising plants. Literally, the name of this site is translated as "plants in discussion", that is, the use of which is still being discussed by doctors and has an ambiguous attitude. These include berry yew (Taxus baccata) and short-leaved yew (Taxus brevifolia),which are used to obtain the drug Paclitaxel, used in oncology, as well as thyroid podophyllum (Podophyllum peltatum), meadow or red clover (Trifolium pratense) and white mistletoe (Viscum album subsp. a lbum), which is collected for medicinal use only from deciduous trees.

Medicinal plants plot
Medicinal plants plot

Medicinal plants plot

White mistletoe (Viscum album))
White mistletoe (Viscum album))

White mistletoe (Viscum album))

Honeysuckle label
Honeysuckle label

Honeysuckle label

It's very funny to consider labels, which, when they are not overloaded with text, provide a lot of information. Of course, the Latin and German names are written in text, the origin too, but the rest … So, poisonous plants are decorated with a skull. The organ drawn on the label clearly shows what to use the plant for. Those types that are used for several diseases are presented repeatedly. Medical students, agronomists, pharmacists are taken here. So, walking past the plant 3-4 times, you will involuntarily remember.

The systematic site is also intended mainly for teaching and popularizing botany. Plants are decorously planted in families. But still, their labels indicate their origin. The optimal period for visiting this section is June-early July. But even in May there is a lot of blooming. So, if you decide to embrace the whole taxonomy of plants in one day, this is the place for you.

Systematic section
Systematic section

Systematic section

Geranium renardii
Geranium renardii

Geranium renardii

Lanceolate thermopsis (Thermopsis lanceolata)
Lanceolate thermopsis (Thermopsis lanceolata)

Lanceolate thermopsis (Thermopsis lanceolata)

Silene dioica
Silene dioica

Silene dioica

Petiolate rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum)
Petiolate rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum)

Petiolate rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum)

And finally, the last area is useful plants. These are, first of all, fruit and vegetable. Of course, everything looks great, but it is better to drive up there a little earlier than the beginning of May, when the gardens are blooming. Given the warmer climate - in early April.

This is only a brief overview of the departments available in the botanical garden, without focusing on individual rarities. Otherwise, it would have turned out to be a multivolume work.

Photo by the author

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