Panorama "Land Of Tulips" In Voorhout In The Netherlands

Panorama "Land Of Tulips" In Voorhout In The Netherlands
Panorama "Land Of Tulips" In Voorhout In The Netherlands
Video: Panorama "Land Of Tulips" In Voorhout In The Netherlands
Video: Tulips in The Netherlands 4k 2023, February
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I love Holland very much and have been there many times, having traveled all over it. It is difficult to convey all your vivid impressions of local villages and fields with blooming hyacinths, tulips, daffodils and muscari, from Dutch landscapes with windmills, where colorful cows, goats and sheep graze, to which the world owes the famous Dutch cheeses.

Tulipland panorama
Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama

Somehow, among the numerous travels and visits of local growers and breeders engaged in the production and selection of various bulbs and perennials, I was able to visit the grandiose panorama of Tulip Land (Panorama Tulipland) - "Country, or the land of tulips", in the picturesque town of Voorhout, which is located in the heart of the Flower Bulb District. Historically, tulips and other bulbs are not grown throughout Holland, but in about a 30-kilometer sandy and sandy loam zone along the Atlantic coast, where it seems that God himself has created favorable natural and climatic conditions for this. Over time, the so-called "tulip mania" to one degree or another captured not only the Netherlands, but all of Europe, a little later the USA and Canada, then many countries in South America,South Africa and Australia, and in the last couple of decades it has reached Russia and some CIS countries. The increased demand forced to promote and expand this business further to the north of the country, to the no less fertile, but somewhat heavier lands reclaimed from the sea. Therefore, bulbs from these places and the central part of Holland are usually noticeably smaller and often finally grow to their maximum presale sizes on the same northwest and west sandy coast.Therefore, bulbs from these places and the central part of Holland are usually noticeably smaller and often finally grow to their maximum presale sizes on the same northwest and west sandy coast.Therefore, bulbs from these places and the central part of Holland are usually noticeably smaller and often finally grow to their maximum presale sizes on the same northwest and west sandy coast.

Of course, the place of cultivation is not the only condition for the successful agricultural technology of most bulbous plants, although it is far from the last. Another important factor is the correct crop rotation, as well as constant prevention against diseases and pests. Periodically, the bulbous fields are given a rest and are sown with alfalfa, clover and other forage grasses, which also enrich the land with useful minerals, and the animals grazing on them add organic matter. But since a certain number of bulbs that did not fall into the harvester often remain in the fields, then spotted Dutch cows often graze as if in fields of tulips or hazel grouses.

But back to our flower panorama. In fact, this is a whole museum of the development of this region and the history of bulb cultivation. Here you can find huge showcases with dolls in traditional national costumes, and many screens that constantly show historical and educational films dedicated to the life and life of local "peasants". I put this word in quotation marks, because modern Flemish peasants live and are provided with field, processing and household appliances no worse than city dwellers. And the concept of a village in our traditional understanding has long outlived its usefulness in this beautiful and convenient country for life.

Dolls in Dutch national costumes
Dolls in Dutch national costumes

Dolls in Dutch national costumes

Dolls in Dutch national costumes
Dolls in Dutch national costumes

Dolls in Dutch national costumes

Dolls in Dutch national costumes
Dolls in Dutch national costumes

Dolls in Dutch national costumes

The museum displays various examples of field equipment for planting and harvesting bulbs, ovens and baths for their heat treatment, and various pest control products.

Old technique for planting and harvesting bulbs
Old technique for planting and harvesting bulbs

Old technique for planting and harvesting bulbs

Old technique for planting and harvesting bulbs
Old technique for planting and harvesting bulbs

Old technique for planting and harvesting bulbs

Devices for chemical and thermal treatment of bulbs
Devices for chemical and thermal treatment of bulbs

Devices for chemical and thermal treatment of bulbs

Oven for heat treatment of bulbs
Oven for heat treatment of bulbs

Oven for heat treatment of bulbs

Here you will learn, for example, that the cultivation of potatoes is legally prohibited in tulip-growing areas, with which a nematode can be introduced into the fields that can maintain its reproductive capacity for many years after the potato harvest. And that the most reliable way to combat it is to create vast shallow pools around the perimeter of the infected fields for several months, like in the eastern rice fields. The nematode will inevitably die from prolonged excess moisture.

In the museum, you can also see how local women collect fragrant flower garlands, mainly from terry daffodils, which are often used to decorate local courtyards, residential and farm buildings, tourist buses and other vehicles. Here you can buy special local history, historical or agrotechnical literature, as well as numerous paintings, etchings, calendars and other souvenirs on this topic. You will definitely be offered a cup of aromatic coffee or hot chocolate, as well as hundreds of varieties of various bulbous plants with their colorful images on the so-called capers (cardboard boxes). But you should buy them only at the end of summer or in autumn, for planting before winter. In the spring or early summer, it is better to purchase already flowering bulbs or bulbs with buds that have sprouted,planted in small pots - so you will definitely be sure of the variety, if this is important to you. Bulbs in packages purchased during this period may not bloom and die.

Making garlands of daffodils
Making garlands of daffodils

Making garlands of daffodils

Here you can see or even purchase paintings by, in my opinion, the greatest artist and landscape painter of the modern Netherlands - Leo van den Ende. The artist's assets are mainly Dutch landscapes and still lifes, a little less often he paints portraits. It was he who created the main decoration of the museum - a picturesque circular panorama, which he has been painting for over 13 years! Work on this monumental canvas, 63 meters long and 4 meters high, began in 1997 and was completed only in 2008, and some details were added and corrected right up to 2010! It is known that the artist spent more than 6,000 hours on the creation of this masterpiece! Numerous sketches and sketches for this work are exhibited nearby, as well as large-scale sheets that helped the master create this masterpiece and reliably transfer subjects from numerous photographs.small canvases and sketches from the 50-60s of the last century.

Leo van der Ende
Leo van der Ende

Leo van der Ende

Image
Image
Scale sheets for panorama
Scale sheets for panorama

Scale sheets for panorama

The fact is that under the onslaught of industrial progress and by order of the government in the 1950s, numerous agricultural plots of land on which flowers were traditionally grown, as, indeed, throughout the world, were seized for industrial and residential development. As a result, many of the local buildings began to disappear - farms, windmills, and flower fields. This worried and continues to worry many Dutch people today. At the behest of his soul, as well as at the numerous requests of his compatriots, Leo van den Ende depicted in a panorama his beloved, endless land of tulips in a truly Dutch style, trying to preserve the landscapes and the spirit of the middle of the last century as much as possible.

Tulipland panorama
Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama
Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama
Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama

Many local residents who remember those times often recognize their native places on the canvas - the buildings and churches of Leiden, Noordwijk, Lisse, Sassenheim, Voorhout and Haarlem. The panorama depicts more than a million tulips and more than a hundred thousand hyacinths and daffodils, which the master painted for many years, conveying with particular care the unique play of colors and shadows on each flower. In the technique of his writing, the influence of the Impressionists is guessed.

Tulipland panorama
Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama
Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama
Tulipland panorama

Tulipland panorama

Leo van den Ende was born on March 6, 1939 in The Hague, in the family of the famous artist - Henk van den Ende (full name - Hendricus Johannes van den Ende). In 1959 - 1960. for several months he lived with his father in Paris and in Fontainebleau, studying the manner of painting of the Impressionists and landscapes of representatives of the Barbizon School. In 1978, Leo was fortunate enough to meet the last of the representatives of the Leiden school - Alexander Coenraad Rosemier, who was born in 1888 and later became his good friend and artistic mentor. They often painted together sketches and paintings in the open air, and on the recommendation of A. Rosenmeer Leo van den Ende in 1977-1978. served as secretary of the Netherlands Art Society. According to Leo himself,he really likes the paintings of Claude Monet, Anthony Louis Koster (Anton L. Koster, 1859-1937), who lived in Haarlem since 1880 and also wrote a lot of Dutch floral landscapes, as well as the famous Dutch impressionist Cornelis Vreedenburgh (1880-1946), the main subjects of which were local natural and urban landscapes.

Harlem on the canvas by Anthony Louis Coster
Harlem on the canvas by Anthony Louis Coster

Harlem on the canvas by Anthony Louis Coster

Harlem on the canvas by Anthony Louis Coster
Harlem on the canvas by Anthony Louis Coster

Harlem on the canvas by Anthony Louis Coster

The gigantic curved canvas allows visitors to imagine that they are standing among the endless fields of blooming tulips. Thanks in part to Leo van den Ende, Dutch tulips and hyacinths have become integral symbols of this blooming country, famous all over the world.

Many visitors to the panorama took an active part in its creation. Thanks to their comments, the artist made dozens of corrections to historical plots, and also added some funny pets at the request of the kids. Meticulous researchers will find on it a couple of small self-portraits of the artist.

Once, in an interview with one of the TV companies, Leo said that he would never have undertaken such a job again, even if he was younger - the second time he would not have mastered a job of this magnitude.

New panorama
New panorama

New panorama

Photo by the author

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