Choosing Tulips For The Garden In Keukenhof

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Choosing Tulips For The Garden In Keukenhof
Choosing Tulips For The Garden In Keukenhof

Video: Choosing Tulips For The Garden In Keukenhof

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Video: How 7 Million Flowers Are Planted At Keukenhof Every Year | Big Business 2023, January
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Autumn is a time to breathe about the past summer and dream about spring: about touching primroses, about bright tulips, about delicate daffodils, about fragrant hyacinths. Already now we need to take care of what colors the reviving garden will flash in spring, because the date for planting bulbs is approaching. There is no greater authority in this matter than that of Holland, the recognized land of tulips. Therefore, we invite you to stroll through the famous Keukenhof garden together with Anastasia Dimakova, who visited there this spring and kindly provided us with her photo report. Maybe among these tulips there is one that is destined to become your favorite variety

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The Keukenhof Garden is located 30 km from Amsterdam, in the small town of Lisse. It was created on the site of forest hunting grounds in the 15th century, about a century before tulips appeared in Holland. The owner of the estate, Countess Jakoba von Beyeren, laid out a 32-acre garden around her Teilingen castle. There were grown fruit trees, vegetables, medicinal and herbal herbs for kitchen needs. Then the garden got the name Keikenkoff, which means "kitchen garden" in Dutch.

After the death of Countess Keukenhof, it belonged to the family of a wealthy merchant, and later the owners of the castle were Baron and Baroness Pallandt, who wanted to build an English-style garden on the site of the vegetable garden. Landscape architects were invited from Amsterdam, including Dr. L.P. Zocher, renowned for his brilliant Vondelpark garden design in Amsterdam. So in 1850 the garden began to acquire the outlines of a landscape park inherent in the modern Keukenhof.

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In the country, meanwhile, tulip mania was raging for a long time (1636-37), when a fortune was paid for a tulip bulb. Gardens and pharmaceutical gardens were decorated with tulips, and the first nurseries appeared. By the end of the 19th century, breeding attempts were made, tulips with variegated petals were most valuable. In 1892, viruses were discovered, and by 1928, it turned out that the variegated flashes on the petals of tulips, regarded as a sign of a new variety, were caused by the variegation virus. Now breeders have taken the path of hybridization to create new varieties.

The advances in this area were so significant that in 1949, at the initiative of the mayor of Lys, Keikenkoff decided to turn it into an outdoor flower exhibition, demonstrating the success of breeders and growers of bulbous crops. The exhibition is held annually for 9 weeks, and this year celebrated its 60th anniversary. More than 100 manufacturers took part in it. More than 8 million bulbs were planted in the historic garden area, where the ruins of the Teilingen castle are still preserved. When planted, they are placed in 4 tiers, setting flowering waves: late tulips are deepest, early ones above them, then hyacinths and crocuses near the surface. Each wave has its own color scheme, so the appearance of the garden and its fragrance changes weekly.

The exposition is always subordinated to a single concept, this year the theme "Green Reflections" was designated, which calls for thinking about environmental problems. The exhibition was dedicated to the 400th anniversary of New York, where a lot of attention is paid to green technologies, in this regard, American landscape trends of the urban garden prevailed.

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The parade of bulbs in the Keukenhof garden is complemented by landscape compositions of different styles. The French regular garden is spread around rectangular ponds. The Nature Garden is filled with a variety of colors to showcase the diversity and perfection of nature. "Japanese Garden", pacifying with the murmur of water, invites you to plunge into the philosophy of oriental traditions. The "Musical Garden" is filled not only with flowers, but also with the sounds of music, like a tuning fork, which tune all the senses to the perception of the play of color, shape, and mood. There is a special play route for children with riddles and labyrinths. In four greenhouses there are thermophilic plants, varietal hydrangeas, a huge variety of noble orchids.

However, neither airy cherry blossoms nor flaming rhododendrons can overshadow the tulip flowers and blue rivers of Muscari. Tulips, of course, dominate the Keukenhof garden. For four centuries since the appearance of the first tulip in Holland, the country made the whole world forget about its true homeland - Persia, the common term “Dutch tulips” arose. Tulip mania has grown into a gigantic industry, for the needs of which a fifth of the country's area is allocated. Nowhere in the world are there so many boundless fields of tulips, such a beautiful flower madness!

The climatic and soil conditions along the coast and in the north of the country proved to be ideal for bulb production. Holland supplies the world with over 10 billion bulbs annually, although this category also includes tuberous plants - begonias, dahlias, gladioli, etc. The revenue from their sale in 2008 amounted to more than $ 25 billion, and this is a significant contribution to the country's budget. The work on the development of new varieties does not stop, which is a complex and time-consuming process - 20 years pass from the birth of a new tulip variety to industrial sales! Selection is carried out in several directions, among which the greatest importance is attached to shape and color. At the same time, the varieties must have a high multiplication factor, resistance to diseases and unfavorable weather factors,a long period of flowering and storage in the cut. For Holland, where northerly winds are frequent, the strength of the stem and the dense texture of the petals are important characteristics. Not all applicants can withstand strict casting.

Holland dictates flower fashion, annually announcing flower trends to the world. The passion for gigantism and terry is now giving way to simple forms and grace, appreciated by landscape designers and florists. Nordic muted tones are in vogue, and green is the most coveted. If you do not like such minimalism - feel free to choose traditional Darwin, lush double, sophisticated lily-colored, original green-flowered, fanciful parrot, discreet botanical - all of them will give you happiness to watch the miracle of spring transformation of the bulb!

In the Keukenhof garden, they are trying to show new industrial varieties, so finding bulbs with us may not be easy. But you will surely find many of them in the Flos SC on Aviamotornaya, tel. 918-13-49, www.flos.ru. You can read about the planting rules on our portal in the article Planting tulips.

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