Video: Extend Your Summer On The Windowsill
How quickly the summer passed! Where have his aromas and colors gone, where are the bright, juicy greens? Golden autumn came into its own - cold nights and lingering rains urge gardeners to harvest the last root crops, radishes were removed, the last cucumbers and tomatoes were removed, onions were removed, dill umbrellas were used for harvesting, and greens were used in the summer. You can and should freeze, dry, prepare for future use as much as possible, and how sometimes you want to put fresh greens on your plate in winter! And not from the market, but his own, just plucked. Dreaming, as they say, is not harmful, it is harmful not to dream. Let's continue the summer in our own apartment, even if only on the windowsill. It’s quite possible.
You do not need the help of a wizard, for each of you will become this wizard. You only need a few pots or a balcony box, one that fits well on the windowsill, some seeds, bulbs and roots, as well as earth, water and fertilizer. But the main thing is a lot of light and love.
Onions, of course, are the most popular greens of our windowsills. If you have never tried to grow it, then for sure it sprouted itself during storage, but its feathers were weak and pale. To decorate the onion, and the soup, and all salads, it is enough to cut off the tops of the bulbs a little, plant it in damp earth or in a glass of water, and put it on a sunny windowsill. But he doesn't like heat. Onions can also be grown from seeds, but this is a longer and more troublesome task, but in this case you can try out the great many different varieties that are currently on sale. Perennial onions are more suitable for growing in a room. Unlike onions, it forms a false bulb, which, under favorable conditions, continuously produces new leaves.
Watercress and mustard are as easy to grow and guaranteed to succeed as onions. Any soil will do. Tamp it lightly, water, distribute the seeds evenly and sprinkle with water. Keep the box in the shade before emergence and make sure the soil does not dry out. When shoots appear, transfer the box to the windowsill. These crops are light-loving and cold-resistant. Further care consists in regular watering. After two to three weeks, you can harvest and make new crops. Even children can be trusted to grow these greens. It is not difficult, besides, children do not like to wait for a long time for the result, but in a matter of days they can grow a lush green carpet themselves!
In December, the windows of all flower shops are decorated with "Christmas pepper". This is the most common small-fruited bitter pepper. And he received such an interesting name in the English-speaking countries because it is sold in huge quantities on Christmas Eve to decorate festive interiors. Crowned with a multitude of miniature bright fruits, it looks simply gorgeous, not inferior to exquisite flowers. By the way, it is not inferior to them in price either. Meanwhile, the plant is not very whimsical, and it is easy to grow it yourself.
The seeds must first be soaked for a day, and after sowing, cover the pot with glass or foil. Pepper is a thermophilic culture. Before germination (10-12 days), keep the pot in a warm place and water in the future only with warm water. When five leaves appear on the plants, cut them into separate spacious pots. When choosing a variety, give preference to shrub species that do not require a dormant period in winter. They will bear fruit continuously.
Pepper is very responsive to feeding, otherwise a rich harvest may not work. Its fruits are edible, but have a very pungent taste. You can also make beads from the fruits of pepper and decorate the kitchen with them. You will notice that it will become more comfortable in it.
If you want to surprise your friends, be sure to plant an eggplant. This vegetable is known to everyone, but it is extremely rare on the windowsill. For growing on a windowsill, it is better to choose undersized varieties with medium-sized fruits of a beautiful color. Indeed, in this case, it is not the yield that is important, but the effectiveness of the plant. If the plant stretches up strongly, pinch the top.
You can also grow cucumbers and tomatoes. Do not forget that it is still winter in the yard, and you, plus everything, are limited in space. Grow one or two plants at a time. Take small-fruited tomatoes, cherry tomatoes, and when choosing cucumbers, give preference to parthenocarpic varieties and hybrids - they bear fruit without insect pollination.
Bright lighting is very important for eggplant, tomato and cucumber. Here you cannot do with an ordinary lamp, you need to adapt a fluorescent lamp or a special plant lamp (phytolamp). To obtain healthy plants, supplementary lighting must be carried out from the moment of emergence of shoots - three days around the clock, then a week for 16 hours a day, the next two weeks for 14 hours a day. When the plants enter the flowering phase, you can limit yourself to 6-8 hours a day. The main thing is that the lighting in each of its periods should be continuous, you can not supplement, for example, 2 hours in the morning and 6 hours in the evening. For burned out electricity (not so much, by the way, if you use energy-saving lamps), you will be rewarded with the result.
Dill and parsley are perhaps the most famous spicy cultures of Russian cuisine. Their greenery contains a lot of vitamins, phytoncides, salts of iron, potassium, calcium, phosphorus. These plants are very light-requiring, they need nutritious, loose, non-acidic soil. The problem is the difficulty of seed germination. To get seedlings, the seeds are washed in hot running water + 45-50 degrees (under the tap of the water supply) for one minute. Then, folded into a gauze bag, they are left moist for two days in a warm place, and they are washed 2-3 times a day in warm water. You can soak the seeds in a solution of Epin or Zircon for a day, changing the solution 2-3 times.
After this treatment, the seeds are sown in moist soil. Recently, bush varieties of dill have been created, from which, as they grow, you can pick off the leaves - this is very useful when growing on a windowsill. As for parsley, she doesn't really like the room climate, but she is not afraid of the cold, so on fine days, put it on the balcony or keep it on the glazed loggia.
Parsley, celery and parsnips can also be grown from seed. Greens can be obtained by distillation by planting root vegetables. They do not need to be fed, because forcing consists in spending on the growth of greenery of the accumulated nutrients of the root crop. Although it will not be superfluous to feed the forcing crops.
We talked about vegetables. If you want to really surprise your family and friends, prepare dishes from your own grown mushrooms on the New Year's table. I am sure no one will remain indifferent (even those who do not eat mushrooms)!
This is not about forest mushrooms, of course, but about champignons and oyster mushrooms, ringlets and shii under the New Year tree in your apartment. It is enough to buy a bag with mycelium in the store, keep the compost moist, and in 4-6 weeks white mushrooms will appear. All that remains is to place them in a basket and place them next to the gifts under the Christmas tree.
There are many more plants that can transform the interior of your kitchen and come in handy for culinary purposes. Many of them can be simply dug up in the fall and transplanted into flower pots, while others can be easily grown from seeds. There would be a desire!
Fill the kitchen with the scent of mint, decorate the window with a colorful bush of ampelous strawberries in a hanging planter, even if its berries do not have the taste and smell inherent in ordinary strawberries, but what a beauty she is! There is also a rich selection of herbs that can perfectly live on the windowsill - anise, basil, oregano, chervil, katran, coriander, lavender, lemon balm, caraway and many others!
Whatever plants you plant on your window, everyone's requirements are similar: regular watering with warm water, fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers, and good lighting. Everything is quite affordable and doable!
Take your pick and experiment! You will be rewarded with results!
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