Tulip Lilac Wonder
I made the first attempts to collect new varieties of tulips in my school years, and then in my student years, when I bought my first bulbs in a small shop in the very center of Moscow, not far from GUM and the Historical Archives Institute. And although the purchases were not always successful, curiosity always prevailed and I continued my attempts to get to know this beautiful and in its own way very proud and majestic flower. More than thirty years have passed since then, but I have kept my passion for tulips to this day. It is with great pleasure that I grow and photograph them from all possible angles both on my site and on the experimental sites of my friends and colleagues.
In those distant times, there was neither the Internet, nor any accessible catalogs or specialized literature. All information could be gleaned from only one or two of the then available Soviet magazines. And any information from them was expected and absorbed with great youthful enthusiasm. Now everything has changed dramatically. Now we have access not only to beautiful glossy magazines and a wide variety of flower catalogs, but also a huge amount of information that we can glean from the World Wide Web. So what new do foreign breeders offer us in the current season?
Now in many European and North American countries, the earliest and shortest varieties are especially popular. Most of them are clones or hybrids of popular botanical species named after Forster, Greig, Kaufman, etc. Almost all of them belong to early flowering, which is their main advantage, since they bloom about 2-3 weeks earlier than most of the known and most common varieties and they can be perfectly combined with early low-growing daffodils, scillas, pushnias or already flowering violas and crocuses … They can be planted in small groups in rockeries or on well-trimmed and well-groomed lawns, against the backdrop of ornamental shrubs and conifers, as well as in rather large groups or even whole tracts around large public buildings, along garden and forest paths,or on regular flower beds in city parks and squares.
Quite successfully, they can be combined with varieties of medium and later flowering periods, planting alternately or alternately on the same regular beds, for example, with the so-called imperial or later triumph tulips or Darwin hybrids. At the same time, the total flowering period of these prefabricated tulip or bulbous beds increases quite significantly, for several weeks. And even in the coldest and longest springs, they will greet you on May holidays not with pitiful green buds, but with bright and abundant flowering under any circumstances and whims of the weather.
Tulips Atilla, Big Smile, Fire of Love
The undoubted advantages of most of the early species and hybrid tulips include a small height of their peduncles and a fairly good leveling in height, which significantly increases their resistance to sudden gusts of wind and bad weather. Later varieties, during the period of mass flowering of dwarf varieties, do not yet have time to stretch out much, but only visually add splendor and greenery to already blooming spring flower beds. And after a week or two, they already come to the fore, as if changing the natural scenery of the early spring show! After all, it is enough to simply choose a contrasting or, conversely, a combination of colors from varieties of different flowering periods or height. Here, for example, how beautifully planted together Atilla, Big Smile and Fire of Love look.… Instead of the purple Atilla variety, it is quite possible to plant new items - the Blue Ribbon or Double Dream variety, about the same height and related to triumph and terry tulips.
Early and mid-early low-growing varieties go well with inter-row or border plantings of crocuses, muscari, chionodox, tender anemones, hyacinths or the same very cold-resistant viols. In central Russia, it is quite possible to choose tulip varieties so that they bloom for at least 6-7 weeks, and in favorable years, even a longer period.
Tulip Eternal Flame
Low-growing varieties are perfect not only for rockeries, alpine slides, but also for growing in various floor vases and containers. Among the low and early flowering varieties, I would first of all note the varieties Eternal Flame, Fur Suiss, Little Diamond, Lovely Surprise, Orange Toronto, Pink Dwarf, Rose Dream, Sundance and Sweet Lady. The Sweet Lady variety is quite miniature, it belongs to varieties created on the basis of specific botanical tulips. They bloom earlier, the height of the peduncles is only 12-15 cm. One of the main advantages of these tulips is that they reproduce well, and their bulbs can not be dug up or planted for several years. The above listed varieties can well be supplemented with early terry varieties, such asVerona or Viking.
For lovers of specific tulips, I would recommend the rare Bronse Charm variety on sale. It has a pleasant beige-peach color, relatively small growth and very decorative, cereal-like leaves. Or, for example, lilac with a bright dark yellow spot Lilac Wonder. The tulip Schrenkii is beautiful and bright scarlet with pointed yellow edges.
Grade Scarlet Baby is not only early, but also multifloral. It looks great against a background of White Splendour anemones or against a background of white or yellow crocuses. One cannot but say a few words about such a unique variety like Casa Grande. It is the largest known early tulip. The diameter of its open flower can easily exceed the width of a man's palm! And its leaves are not quite ordinary - on a moderately dark green background, a characteristic burgundy-brown longitudinal pattern is clearly visible.
The next most popular, probably, are terry, or the so-called peony tulip varieties. This group is rapidly developing towards both early and later flowering varieties. For example, Bearing Point is a terry, abundantly flowering variety, although formally it refers to the triumph of tulips. After all, this is a real miracle of selection! It is low, only 35-40 cm in height, therefore it resists bad weather well, blooms beautifully and profusely, and besides, it is also multi-flowered! Almost a whole bouquet on one plant!
Tulip Yellow Spider
Recently, a whole galaxy of densely double varieties have appeared. The novelties among the early double tulips include the varieties Dubelle Roodkapje (Greig), the undersized Flash Point, Foxtrot, which by the way goes well with the very beautiful yellow terry tulip-spider Yellow Spider, or, for example, the terry form of the Maureen variety - Maureen Double, or yellow terry parrot Monte Parrot variety. This also includes the previously mentioned varieties Verona and Viking.… You will not regret planting the extraordinarily beautiful Akebono variety. Each of its flowers is individual and none of them practically repeats the shape of the neighboring one. During flowering, its flowers continue to increase in size and by the time of the end of flowering, they can increase 1.5-2 times in relation to their original size. The height of the peduncles is 50-65 cm. The flowering is medium-early and in favorable years it can last up to 2 weeks!
Among the novelties of late double varieties, first of all, I would like to note the varieties: Double Dream, Charming Lady, Drumline, Freeman, Global Desire, white-red Horison or Ice Cream, which is completely unusual in shape and beauty. It was hardly sold on the Russian market due to its uniqueness and high cost. Under this name, some firms imported a similar, but smaller and cheaper variety, Diamond Rose. Of the unusual and beautiful varieties, I would also like to highlight the Impressario variety, which shines in the sun with almost all warm colors and shades of the rainbow.
Tulip Double Dream
Tulip Charming Lady
A special place among terry varieties is occupied by terry fringed varieties, such as, for example, undersized and stocky Queensland, Matchpoint, Crispion Sweet. The latter has a noticeably greater "terry", which, in general, rather strongly depends on the size of the bulb, the place of growth and the degree of illumination. Or the Sensual Touch variety, which changes its color from deep yellow to orange.
But there are still not so many such varieties. But there are much more novelties among simple fringed tulips. This group can be proud of new varieties such as Queensland short, Barbados, Skyteam changing color from milky white to pink, short Fabio, deep red with a bright blue Red Hat bottom. Or a completely new variety TS 9-57, which blooms white, and then, as it blooms, acquires a lemon-yellow hue, which does not even have a registered trade name, where the abbreviation TS stands for Tulpenselectie.nl.
There are also novelties among the relatively early blooming imperial tulips. These are Orange, Salmon and Exotic Emperor varieties, as well as Yellow Purissima. They usually bloom along with early daffodils and hyacinths, immediately after the flowering of the species Greig and Forster tulips. Imperial tulips may have weakly expressed "green-flowered" properties, i.e. properties inherent in the group of green-flowered tulips. All imperial tulips will profitably enliven and decorate any semi-shady and even shady corner of your garden, as they bloom even before the foliage on shrubs and deciduous trees has time to receive their share of sunlight. The height of their peduncles is usually about 40-55 cm.
Triumph tulips are also rapidly developing and renewing. They also have something to brag about. The group of leaders is led by a tall and graceful bright yellow Alabama Star, then the unusually beautiful and pacifying Apricot Magic, bright orange-yellow Asahi or white-pink Beau Monde. Among the unusually colored "triumphants" I would like to highlight the chameleon tulips Tequila Sunrise and Hemisphere, which in a few days very much change their color, increasing and intensifying its intensity, from almost pure lemon yellow to almost completely red-orange. It is especially important that this property is preserved in the cut. It is better to plant a lot of such tulips or in small groups of 8-12 pcs. in different, rather remote, parts of the garden or mixborders. This will create a noticeable increase in space! I would like to say a few more words about the very beautiful maroon variety National Velvet with a noble velvet sheen, as well as the pink variety Rosario, which has beautiful and decorative variegated foliage. Truly stunning beauties! Or here's another grade TS 8-1, also not yet fully registered - pink with white moire and a bright blue bottom of the glass rare for tulips, as well as a very unusual Yellow Crown. The unusual thing about blue for tulips is that tulips don't have a blue or blue gene at all! Triumph - Tulips bloom about a week or two later than most early and mid-early varieties. Those. they are typical representatives of medium flowering varieties. Their height is approximately 45-55 cm.
New lilac tulips include Aladdin, Jazz, Lemon Marengue (which looks great against the National Velvet), Doll's Minuet, as well as the light pink, almost white Youkihi. Nice bright cut! For greater effect, it is recommended to plant in large enough groups.
For lovers of very tall tulips with an elongated flower shape, very similar to lily-colored tulips, this season there are also interesting novelties - Big Brother and El Nino tulips. They continue the already very popular tulip family of the well-known varieties Blushing Beauty, Blushing Lady and their predecessor, Temple of Beauty… The advantages of these varieties include their ability to increase their petals and, accordingly, the entire flower during the entire flowering period. All of them stand in the cut for a long time, and also increase in size, practically without wrapping or deforming the petals. Their height can reach 75-80 cm, and even more in shady places. Simple late tulips in their range of novelties have several more worthy participants, these are red-yellow Lexis, pink Sauterness, as well as pink-red with a pronounced white border Toyota variety.
Tulip TS 4-1
Darwin hybrids are usually mid to mid-late flowering. And they also boast bright and beautiful novelties - new varieties Ad Rem's Beauty, World's Favorite, Beauty of Spring, Rosy Delight, TS 4-1, in which the bases of the petals are alternately colored in yellow and white, and, of course, American Dream. Thanks to strong and stable peduncles 45-55 cm high, all varieties withstand well gusts of wind, rain and bad weather. Darwin hybrids are very resistant to viral diseases, they tolerate transportation and long-term storage in cuttings well. Recommended for forcing, cutting and gardening.
Multiflorous tulips are also gaining in popularity. At the same time, they become more and more vivid and attractive. For example, Tulip Outbreack. He has up to 5 buds on each peduncle! The height of the peduncles is 35-40 cm. Multiflorous tulips work best in well-lit areas and should be planted a little denser than indicated on their packaging. Fans of multi-flowered tulips will surely like the brand new dark red Moscow variety named after our capital, and the yellow-red Florette variety, as well as the terry multi-flowered fringed deep red-pink tulip TS 7-1.
The most beautiful new items among green-flowered tulips in recent years are Golden Artist, Green Village, Red Springgreen and Adrian T. Dominique. The bright saturated colors of the outer part of the glass make them clearly visible against the background of a flower bed or other varieties. Height only 35-45 cm, good weather resistance. All varieties of mid-late and late flowering.
Tulip Flaming Parrot
And, finally, there is a rather large group of new parrot tulips. These include the Silver Parrot Desighn, Elsenburg, Flaming Parrot, Blumex, Super Parrot and Rococo varieties. They all have an unusual grooved surface of the petals, the tips of which can be slightly dissected or even often curled inward. Usually, these tulips have a beautiful multi-colored and variegated color, which determined their "parrot" origin and made them a separate group. They usually reproduce well and are used extensively in cut and garden design. Great stuff for florists. Sometimes the "parrots" may show some signs of "green flowers". Parrot tulips bloom, as a rule, in the second half of the season, in May, and usually belong to the medium-late and late-flowering varieties.
Plants with irregularly shaped flowers, especially parrot, fringed, terry, etc. usually planted in the foreground of flower beds, mixborders, near paths and in flowerpots, so that you can admire each flower close up. Tulip varieties with a regular flower shape look good in groups at a distance, against the background of a neat lawn, conifers or various trees, as well as next to other spring-flowering perennials and shrubs. Tall varieties are best planted in the background of flower beds, and also used for cutting. It is better to plant them in places protected from drafts and gusts of wind, otherwise they may tilt or even fall under the weight of wet buds. Low-growing species and varieties of tulips are ideal for rocky slides, various rock gardens and for growing in containers.
Many will be surprised, but the tulip is a real moisture-loving plant. And in Holland, it is believed that a summer with moderately heavy rainfall is a blessing. Only this information should be attributed very carefully and philosophically - after all, tulips are grown there only in about a 30-kilometer coastal zone, on mostly sandy and sandy loam lands. Therefore, in areas with a high content of the clay fraction, excess moisture can lead to a completely opposite result. In such places, for planting bulbous plants, it is advisable to add more coarse-grained river sand and ensure good moisture and air permeability to the soil.
Tulip American Dream
Tulip World's Favorite
The growing season of tulips ends on average at the end of June. And in the first half of July, in the middle lane, they are already beginning to dig and dry them. I would say that this procedure is very important and extremely necessary in the technology of growing new varieties of hybrid tulips, as well as the annual change of the tulip planting site, unless of course you are going to grow them as annual plants. Leaving your tulips in the ground in July-August, you are very likely to doom them to infection with various rot and other viral diseases. And then there are numerous legends about all kinds of "degeneration" and "over-pollination" of tulips. If you grow and propagate tulips with only bulbs, i.e. vegetatively, then only ordinary human laziness and "forgetfulness" can be the culprit for the degeneration of tulips.An exception can be made only by some specific and botanical tulips, as well as their clones. For two or three years, you can not dig up some varieties of Darwin hybrids, or the so-called perennial tulips, but nevertheless, especially in such very humid years as the summer of 2008, I would strongly recommend digging and drying all tulips without exception.
When planting plants in groups, remember to match colors. One-color compositions look especially exquisite, compositions with different shades of the same color or vice versa, completely contrasting. Tulips are also great for planting in floor pots, planters or decorative baskets, which can be placed closer to the front door during flowering, and small varieties even on a garden table or decorate a bench or foundation with them. You can even bring them indoors for a while in order to appreciate their beauty and light aroma.
Yellow and white undersized and medium-sized daffodils, muscari and crocuses, primroses, forget-me-nots, various arabis and saxifrage, chickweed and especially - Pansies and daisies go well with tulips. Good luck with your experiments in growing these extraordinarily beautiful plants!
Photo by the author