All Variety Of Peonies For Your Garden

All Variety Of Peonies For Your Garden
All Variety Of Peonies For Your Garden
Video: All Variety Of Peonies For Your Garden
Video: Which Type of Peony to Plant in Your Flower Garden 2023, February
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Peony hybrid Buckeye Bell
Peony hybrid Buckeye Bell

Peony hybrid Buckeye Bell

The genus Peony (Paeony) is the only one in the Peony family (Paeoniaceae). It unites about 40 species of plants, one of which is the tree peony, or shrub peony (Paeónia suffruticósa), which differs from other herbaceous species, primarily by lignified shoots that do not die off for the winter. This is one of the most ancient and attractive decorative cultures, the cultivation history of which, according to some experts, goes back about 3000 years. The center of the species diversity of peonies is China, where people first appreciated their medicinal and then decorative qualities before others. Today, the healing properties of peonies continue to be partially used in official and folk medicine, but beauty has long come to the fore. Peonies are valued for their long life, relative ease of care, a variety of shapes and colors of flowers,achieved through the efforts of breeders in many countries, and a wonderful aroma, often comparable to the scent of roses.

It is believed that in the entire history of breeding work with peonies, up to 100 thousand varieties could be obtained. Today, the official register includes more than 5,000 registered varieties of herbaceous peonies alone. It is not so easy to navigate in the variety of peonies offered for sale, having only a catalog with a short commercial description. The best thing to do is to take a closer look at them during the flowering period in the ground, so in June we visited the Porpax nursery, which is famous for one of the most significant peony collections in the country, numbering 800 varieties.

Let's start with the herbaceous peonies, which are most common in gardens. Mostly, these are varieties of lactobacillus peony (Paeonia lactiflora). The parent himself has on each stem 3-4 non-double white or pale pink flowers up to 20 cm in diameter, with a delicate lily of the valley aroma. All his descendants inherited the multifloral nature and pleasant aroma, which each variety has its own. In old gardens, there are often French varieties obtained more than 100 years ago, terry and fragrant, many of which were in the bouquets of our grandmothers and remain unsurpassed cut varieties due to the exceptional aroma and delicate pink-white and lilac tones in color (Festival Maxima, Duchess de Nemours, Madame Leone Calot, Monsieur Jules Elie, Sarah Bernhardt, Auguste Desser, Felix Cruz, Anchantress, Graziella, Clemenceau).

In addition to cut-off advantages and long-term growth without dividing, double milk-flowered peonies also have disadvantages, which, as expected, are a continuation of their advantages. Heavy double flowers on slender stems can lay down and rot in rainy weather, although unstable stems can be supported with bush holders. In landscape plantings, simple and semi-double varieties with lighter flowers look better. In order for the flower to fully show its varietal qualities, with the end of the vertical growth of the stems, it is necessary to remove the side buds, especially if the peonies are intended for a bouquet. Then the rhizome is not so depleted as a result of flowering.

Peony hybrid Lemon Chiffon
Peony hybrid Lemon Chiffon

Peony hybrid Lemon Chiffon

More modern varieties of American breeding, obtained in the second half of the last century, are not so heady aromatic. But they have undoubted advantages over the French ones - often a denser texture of the petals and strong stems, which make them more reliable both in the ground and in the cut (Corinne Versant, Mrs. F.D. Roosevelt, A.E. Candred, Paul Wald, Doris Cooper, James Lewis, Anne Cousins, Lemon Chiffon). Some have giant flowers, such as Dinner Plate and Cheddar Cheese.

Now on sale there are many varieties of Chinese selection. They are usually sold in early spring with bare roots, at a time when the peonies, planted according to all the rules in August-September, have already taken root in the soil with suction roots. Such planting material will give a weak plant that will have to be nurtured for several years, and it is better for an inexperienced grower to refrain from buying it, unless the extremely rare color seduces. But container plants take root no worse than the autumn divisions and demonstrate to the full the beauty of the shape and shades of color already in the third year after planting.

Despite the fact that herbaceous peonies bloom for a relatively short time, the beautiful foliage of these plants serves as a good background for flowering plants in compositions. By the way, it is often used for cutting, as an addition to bouquets. Unlike flowers that stay in water for no more than 5 days, foliage stays fresh longer. However, you should not cut many stems from one bush, so as not to weaken the assimilation and replenishment of the rhizome.

Perhaps we would not have mentioned another type of herbaceous peony - the medicinal peony (Paeonia officinalis), if not for its remarkable role in obtaining new varieties of herbaceous peonies. This peony is one of the earliest herbaceous peonies. The most common variety is the dark red Rubra Plena, there is also the white Alba Plena, the deep pink Rosea Plena and the white and pink Alba Mutabilis. The advantages of varieties of medicinal peony early flowering and end. The flowers quickly disintegrate, the plant forms a few stems, which, under the weight of the flowers, lie on the ground, and is prone to a common disease of peonies - botrytis, or gray rot, to a greater extent than lacto-flowered peonies. Botrytis is called "the parasite of the warm corpse" - it is a fungal disease that, once settled, remains on the roots and plant debris,waiting for wet and cool weather to hit the stems and buds, and eventually destroy the entire plant. Varieties that are not resistant to this disease require constant preventive fungicide treatments.

Peony hybrid Royal Rose
Peony hybrid Royal Rose

Peony hybrid Royal Rose

Peony hybrid Abalon Pearl
Peony hybrid Abalon Pearl

Peony hybrid Abalon Pearl

American breeders at the beginning of the 20th century attracted the medicinal peony to interspecific hybridizationwith milk-flowered peony. He made it possible to obtain unusual colors - red (Red Charm, Red Satin, Mackinac Grand, Walter Maines, Team Performance, Cherry Roughs), burgundy (Jean Boxtos, Buckeye Bell), chocolate (Chocolite Soulji), glowing pink (Royal Rose, Abalon Pink, Paula Fey), coral (Pink Hawaiian Coral, Coral Sunset) and a new flower shape - bomb-shaped, i.e. rounded, terry, in which the bottom row of wide petals is practically not visible in full dissolution (Groving Raspberry Rose, Jean Boxtos, Red Charm, Red Satin, Lemon Chiffon). The flowers of most varieties are large and heavy, with dense petals, so the stems cannot stand them. A hereditary defect - instability to botrytis - also passed to these varieties from the medicinal peony. As often happens with hybrids,they turned out to be more demanding on agricultural technology and less durable, after 7-8 years they require division. Varieties grow in different ways, but always not as actively as milk-flowered peonies, some give an increase of only 1 stem per year. But, in contrast to lactic-flowered peonies, many varieties reproduce by segments of rhizomes, which allows obtaining a large amount of planting material from one plant, using fragments of rhizomes without buds during transplantation and division.use fragments of rhizomes without buds when transplanting and dividing.use fragments of rhizomes without buds when transplanting and dividing.

Peony hybrid Pink Hawaiian Coral
Peony hybrid Pink Hawaiian Coral

Peony hybrid Pink Hawaiian Coral

Peony hybrid Raspberry Charm
Peony hybrid Raspberry Charm

Peony hybrid Raspberry Charm

Most interspecific hybrids bloom earlier than varietal milky-flowered. Bright peonies are very effective, but using them in cutting is not always possible, since some varieties have an unpleasant odor. Many do not have any scent, and only a few smell nice (Diana Parks, Coral Fey). Some varieties cannot be cut in buds as they do not bloom in water. Use in landscape planting has the same limitations as for all herbaceous peonies. Giving a small number of stems, many bushes look rather ankle and require replanting in the foreground of low perennials, just not too close, so as not to create conditions for the development of Botrytis.

Among the American hybrids is the Rock Garden group, which includes low-growing varieties with a hemispherical bush shape and simple red flowers that bloom early (for example, Scarlet Haven, Fairy Princesses, Red Beauty, Airlie Scout). They could be successful for landscaping, but often grow to the usual dimensions for other American hybrids. These varieties, obtained with the participation of the fine-leaved peony (Paeonia tenuifolia), with simple red flowers and thin foliage dying after flowering, by analogy with it, are sometimes called "fern-leaved peonies" (Fern Leaf Paeonia) for the graceful drooping dissected foliage that gives the plant a compact pillow shape …

Peony hybrid Lafayette Squadron
Peony hybrid Lafayette Squadron

Peony hybrid Lafayette Squadron

Peony hybrid Lafayette Squadron
Peony hybrid Lafayette Squadron

Peony hybrid Lafayette Squadron

Hybrid "cactus peonies" (Cactus Dahlia Style) will certainly not be liked by those who prefer opulence - a simple flower with narrow petals looks a little unhealthy. But landscapers may be interested in using them in natural-style gardens. The hybrid variety "Lafayette Squadrille" is similar to them, although not related to cactus peonies.

Of all varietal herbaceous peonies for landscape planting, the most important are peonies with a Japanese flower shape, or simply - Japanese peonies, characterized by non-double flowers with 1-2 rows of petals and contrasting color staminodes - modified stamens, in some varieties, quite wide, wavy, corrugated or swirling. "Japanese" are both among the lactic-flowered (Ivory Jewel, White Cap) and among the hybrid peonies (Walter Maines, Mackinac Grand, Paula Fay).

Peony hybrid Walter Maines
Peony hybrid Walter Maines

Peony hybrid Walter Maines

Peony hybrid Tom Cat
Peony hybrid Tom Cat

Peony hybrid Tom Cat

Recently, with the spread of the fashion for landscape gardens, especially gardens in the style of "nature garden", they again remembered the species peonies that do not lose their bush shape during flowering and are resistant to diseases - this is the Thin-leaved Peony (Paeonia tenuifolia), Mlokosevich's peony (Paeonia Mlokosewitschii), Evasive peony, or Maryin root (Paeonia anomala). They are not as luxurious during the flowering period as varietal ones, but they have natural resistance to weather conditions and diseases, and bloom at the earliest possible date. Suitable for planting on slides and easily tolerate lack of moisture. And you can propagate them by seeds, if you have the patience to wait for flowers for 6-7 years.

Peony Ito-hybrid Pastel Splendor
Peony Ito-hybrid Pastel Splendor

Peony Ito-hybrid Pastel Splendor

Peony Ito - hybrid Norwegian Blush
Peony Ito - hybrid Norwegian Blush

Peony Ito - hybrid Norwegian Blush

The last word in the selection of peonies is a new group of intersectional Ito hybrids obtained from crossing the herbaceous peony with the tree peony (Gau Jin, Julia Rose, Fest Erival, Lemon Dream, Norwegian Blush, Moning Laylek, Hilary, Pastel Splendor, Kellis Memori). From each of the parents, these peonies took the best - the root system, like a tree peony, herbaceous stems dying off for the winter, densely leafy to the very ground, simple or semi-double, sometimes turning into double, flowers of unusual colors, among which there is the desired yellow (Bartzella, Sequestred Sunshine, Going Bananas). Flowering is long, up to a month, since the flowers do not open at the same time. Many varieties with a pleasant delicate aroma (Bartzella, Kellis Memori, Black Pirate, Isabel Riviere). This group of peonies is not affected by Botrytis and hibernates well.

Peony Ito-hybrid Going Bananas
Peony Ito-hybrid Going Bananas

Peony Ito-hybrid Going Bananas

Peony Ito-hybrid Isabel Riviere
Peony Ito-hybrid Isabel Riviere

Peony Ito-hybrid Isabel Riviere

Tree peony, or semi-shrub peony(Paeonia suffruticosa) is quite complex in culture under our conditions. The above-ground part of it does not die off for the winter, therefore it requires the same care as roses. Majestic and elegant flowers of various colors, sometimes with a contrasting spot at the base of the petals, a light aroma make you want to have it in the garden. For this sissy, spring planting is completely unacceptable, the purchase of Chinese planting material with bare roots in February - the survival rate will be small. It is better to buy a container plant, which is more expensive but more reliable. Most often, tree peonies are grafted onto a herbaceous peony, which, as indicated above, is susceptible to botrytis. In the first years, especially careful prevention against this disease is needed, otherwise the varietal scion may die along with the stock.If you follow the agricultural techniques correctly and when planting, deepen the grafting site by 5 cm, for 2-3 years the plant moves to its own roots and botrytis is no longer affected. He will have only two drawbacks - slow growth and difficulty of reproduction, and even a slight regret that even on an adult bush it will not be possible to see up to 100 flowers, as in his homeland, in China.

Photo: Maxim Minin

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