Container Plants: From Home To Garden

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Container Plants: From Home To Garden
Container Plants: From Home To Garden

Video: Container Plants: From Home To Garden

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Video: 46 Easy Container Gardening Ideas for Your Potted Plants | diy garden 2023, January
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The long-awaited summer is coming, and we are striving out of the city, to nature, to summer cottages. The question arises of caring for indoor plants, what to do with them? If the family spends most of their free time in the summer outside the city, then there is a reason to transport indoor plants there that require regular care.

Yucca the Glorious Variegata
Yucca the Glorious Variegata

Yucca the Glorious Variegata

During the summer months in the fresh air with sufficient lighting, our pets will gain strength, be able to bloom and bear fruit abundantly, and then without much loss they will survive the harsh winter conditions for them indoors. Our interest in plants has long passed the border of necessity, now we want to grow even the most exotic plants. Their list is growing every year; amateurs have such plants in their collections that previously could only be seen in botanical gardens. It can be difficult to keep rare exotic plants, and the technique of growing plants in containers or tubs helps in this.

Even in Ancient Egypt, more than 3 thousand years ago, there was a custom to decorate their homes with plants planted in stone vases. Later, the ancient Greeks and Romans used this technique, ennobling their patios with local plants in tubs. With the beginning of the active development of new lands, in the era of circumnavigation of the world, strange plants began to be imported to Europe from various parts of the world. For the winter preservation of thermophilic exotic plants in Europe at the end of the 16th century, the first greenhouses were built, in Russia they appeared at the end of the 17th century, and subsequently became an indispensable attribute of palace ensembles and manor houses, pineapples and other exotic fruits were grown there. At the end of the 19th century, only 200 km south of the Arctic Circle, the monks of the Solovetsky Monastery built greenhouses and hotbeds,where plants unprecedented for these places were grown - watermelons, melons, cucumbers, peaches and various flowers.

See articles Solovetsky Botanical Garden, Pineapple: five centuries of acquaintance.

Container growing is used in many European countries. Plants that are more thermophilic than the local climate allows are easily taken out into the street in the summer, and in the winter they are removed indoors.

Chlorophytum crested with petunia
Chlorophytum crested with petunia

Chlorophytum crested with petunia

South cordilina
South cordilina

South cordilina

Modern summer cottages are comfortable country cottages with landscape design of the adjacent plot, where the family travels for the entire summer period. And often such a house also becomes a place of permanent residence. The role of tubular, container, or, as they are also called, supplementary, plants can be fulfilled by many of our domestic green pets, which meet the requirements put forward well - they are compact and highly decorative.

The flowering of most types of trees and shrubs in open ground occurs in the spring, and indoor hibiscus, oleander, bougainvillea blooming from spring to autumn will turn the site into a garden of eternal flowering.

Oleander ordinary
Oleander ordinary

Oleander ordinary

Bougainvillea hybrid
Bougainvillea hybrid

Bougainvillea hybrid

Fuchsia, begonia, pelargonium placed in hanging baskets and small flower beds will look great. The piggy, similar to blue phlox, will delight you with its rapid flowering, it can be planted in a hanging planter, formed in the form of a column or a tree. A non-poisonous passionflower fixed on a support is quite capable of competing with clematis.

Pelargonium with annuals
Pelargonium with annuals

Pelargonium with annuals

There are also certain difficulties with sustainable fruiting of indoor fruit crops in our climate, and citrus trees hung with yellow-orange fruits in tubs will certainly make the dream of the Garden of Eden come true. In addition to citrus fruits, other fruiting plants are now cultivated, including many representatives of the myrtle family with fleshy fruits - feijoa, paniculata syzygium, Smith, iambose, water, caraway, etc., guava Kettley, some eugenias. Self-fertile figs, or rather ficus carica, will delight you with the harvest. It bears fruit well and blooms very decoratively in pomegranate containers.

Tubular plants will help to recreate individual natural corners. Several laurel, myrtle and olive trees, fluffy rosemary (see Rosemary) and lavender bushes add a Mediterranean flair to the patio. They will look outlandish on a sunny terrace or in a rocky garden prickly pear, euphorbia, echeveria, agave, yucca and other homemade succulents, they will recreate a distant and hot desert.

Echeveria
Echeveria

Echeveria

A flower bed with agaves and other succulents
A flower bed with agaves and other succulents

A flower bed with agaves and other succulents

Palm trees brought out to the street will serve as a reminder of exotic shores. Palm trees such as squat hamerops, Fortune trachikarpus, Washingtonia threadbearing, Canarian date and Robelen's date will feel good in the open. In a place protected from strong winds and direct sun, Forster's hoveya and elegant hamedorea will be willingly located. Such an unpretentious plant as a cycad will also like it on the street. Melaleuca and Callistemon attract with their unusual flowering in the form of bright brushes and foliage similar to needles, they will help to recreate a piece of exotic Australia. In addition, these plants are no less useful than myrtle.

Date Robelena
Date Robelena

Date Robelena

Washingtonia in a green flowerpot
Washingtonia in a green flowerpot

Washingtonia in a green flowerpot

Various ficuses will add novelty to the surrounding landscape. Colorful color spots will be created by Benjamin's variegated ficus, solidity will be introduced by large-leaved rubbery ficus. And many of our other green pets will find it useful to spend the summer outdoors. Almost any indoor plant can be found in a summer cottage, veranda, patio or terrace.

Each individual plant requires compliance with certain conditions for them, but some general principles for the placement and care of tub plants can be distinguished.

Care of tub plants

Selection of the container. Plants are able to live in almost any container filled with soil mixture. But it is desirable that the containers are not only practical, but also fit into the general style of the house and the plot, serve as an additional decoration, and at the same time not be overly pretentious, distracting attention from the plant.

Pelargonium zoned
Pelargonium zoned

Pelargonium zoned

Containers can be portable or stationary.

When placing a plant pot outside, be sure to protect it from overheating. On sunny days, the walls of the pot can heat up and burn the roots, which will lead to disease and sometimes death of the plant. Take care of its wind resistance by placing heavy drainage on the bottom of the container. A prerequisite is the presence of several large drainage holes. Earthen mixtures for tub plants are prepared more lightly.

The containers are installed so that water can flow freely from the drainage holes during irrigation. This method is more suitable for plants in small pots, they can be composed of several pieces in a composition and make a general gravel filling to protect the roots from overheating.

For large plants, it is easier and more expedient to use the pot-in-pot technology, when the main plant pot is inserted into a stationary heavy container. This technique allows us to grow our house plants, which in the summer are planned to be used as tubs, in convenient and light plastic containers, eliminates the need to make them especially heavy, which will greatly facilitate maneuverability: in summer it is enough to simply place the pot with the plant outside in an external container, and in the fall transfer back to the premises. A stationary pot will protect the roots of plants from overheating in the sun, provide wind resistance, it will also serve as additional protection of the roots from cold and pests. In one such large, low container, if desired, you can place several medium-sized plants.

Tuberous begonia
Tuberous begonia

Tuberous begonia

Yucca the Glorious Variegata
Yucca the Glorious Variegata

Yucca the Glorious Variegata

The outer container should also have holes to drain excess water. It is installed in such a way that its drainage holes are always free, for example, on masonry or special supports. As such a stationary container, you can use stylish wooden tubs or plastic containers, on the bottom of which stones are laid for stability. Using the tree only as an outer container, where a plastic pot with soil is inserted, we will protect it from excessive wetting and early decay. Fired clay pots can also be external containers. For small plants, specially created niches in retaining walls or rocky hills can serve as stationary containers, in which holes must be provided for water drainage. It is not recommended to use metal containers,they get very hot in the sun, causing the plant to overheat, and retain heat poorly when a cold snap sets in, which is also unfavorable for the roots, and besides, they can be highly susceptible to corrosion. Before buying decorative stationary pots, ask about their resistance to external conditions, the ability to leave them outside in winter.

Land mixtures and planting.Since the weather in summer is different, you need to take care that the water does not stagnate in the pot. For this, land mixtures are prepared taking into account the requirements of a particular plant, and for better water permeability, loosening components (perlite, vermiculite) are added to the entire volume of the soil, a thick layer of large drainage must be placed on the bottom. If your zone is characterized by a large amount of summer precipitation, then the amount of loosening components is increased. If the climate is arid, then less porous material is added to the soil mixture. When placing plants under a roof, where it is excluded from the ingress of a large amount of water from precipitation, the soil is prepared according to the usual proportions. It is preferable to use relatively small pots for planting, then even during prolonged rains, the roots of the plant will cope with the excess moisture. Surplus of damp soil,which will dry out for a long time, can cause rotting of the roots and death of the plant. Empirically, the composition of the soil and the volume of the pot are selected so that in the summer months the water in the roots does not stagnate, but so that more than one watering per day is not required. If it is necessary to increase the volume of the pot, this can be done at any time from spring to autumn, excluding hot days, using the method of careful transshipment, after which the plant can be kept for several next days in a place protected from direct sun.by the method of careful transshipment, after which the plant should be kept for several subsequent days in a place protected from direct sun.by the method of careful transshipment, after which the plant should be kept for several subsequent days in a place protected from direct sun.

It is advisable to transfer it to a slightly larger pot as it grows, annually - for young specimens, every few years - for older ones. For very large plants, you can limit yourself to replacing the top layer of soil with a fresh one once a season or more often. If a container of a strictly defined size is prepared for the plant and there is no way to increase the lump, then for some species the root pruning method is used, when 1/3 of the old coma is removed to make room for the growth of new roots. After such a procedure, it is necessary to hold the plant in greenhouse conditions for some time in order to allow the roots to recover. However, not all plants tolerate this pruning well.

Watering and feeding. When planting in tubs, plants do not have the opportunity to independently obtain water for themselves, this function is assumed by a person. If the weather is hot and dry, then it is extremely important to water the plants on time, preventing the loss of turgor by the leaves, otherwise there is a danger of damage to them by powdery mildew. It is better to water in cool weather early in the morning, so that they have time to dry out a little by night. In hot weather, you can water after sunset; many plants will also respond well to evening sprinkling.

Top dressing is applied during the entire growing period according to the needs of a particular plant, preferably more often, but in smaller doses (1 time per week or 2 weeks), so as not to cause burns to the roots. Or apply long-term fertilizer at the beginning of the season once. At the beginning of the growing season and before the end of growth, the dosage is halved. Vacationers in winter do not feed the plants.

Balsam New Guinea and Euphorbia Diamond Frost
Balsam New Guinea and Euphorbia Diamond Frost

Balsam New Guinea and Euphorbia Diamond Frost

Adaptation. Before taking plants into the garden, it is necessary to adapt them to external conditions. The illumination in the room is much lower, moreover, there is no wind. Therefore, at first, container plants are placed in places protected from direct sunlight and strong winds so that the delicate leaves do not get sunburn.

Location. After a period of adaptation, the plants are moved to the places prepared for them in the garden. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the needs of plants in sunlight and their wind resistance. Do not expose plants, which in nature prefer shady places, to direct sun, and do not hide sun-loving ones in shady corners. Some plants calmly resist even strong gusts of wind, the crown of others suffers greatly from this. Protection from the wind may not necessarily be the walls of buildings or a gazebo, but simply green screens from other plants.

Temperature. While there is a threat of recurrent spring frosts, do not rush to take plants to a permanent place in the garden. In autumn, remove the pots before the first frost. For all plants there is a damaging temperature, below which there is a threat of death. Many of our tub plants are native to the subtropics, in nature they are able to survive small freezing temperatures and even snow, but in containers their roots are vulnerable to frost. Tropical species can die already at low positive temperatures. For example, hibiscus will begin to droop when the root clod cools below +10 o C. In bougainvillea, low positive temperatures can cause leaf fall. However, most plants do not tolerate high temperatures, above +30 oWith many, growth stops, buds fall off. On hot days, special attention should be paid to timely watering and try to increase the humidity of the air, if possible, protect it from the midday sun, and transfer small containers to the shade.

Treatment against pests and diseases. Plants are more accessible to pests outdoors than when kept indoors, and the species diversity of pests is greatly increased. Before taking plants outside, it is recommended to treat them with systemic insecticides of a wide spectrum of action (Aktara, Konfidor, Apache, Mospilan, etc.). Systemic drugs are distributed throughout the plant and provide fairly long-term protection, regardless of rainfall. So, when Aktara is applied under the root, the protective effect lasts up to 2 months, and when spraying - up to 4 weeks. During the season, it is recommended to periodically repeat preventive treatments.

On flowering plants, it is necessary to inspect the flowers for the timely detection of thrips. Aphids are possible on all types of plants. A great danger is the whitefly, often its source are plants from greenhouses - tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers. If you find pests, treat them with insecticides, if mites are found, give the plant a shower and treat with acaricides. Placing the pots directly on the ground is likely to be affected by the root nematode, this should be avoided as it is almost impossible to fight the nematode. Slugs and snail infestations are best dealt with manually.

In the open air, plants can also be affected by fungal diseases, powdery mildew is possible in hot weather, gray rot, as well as various spots, in cool and damp weather. If you find signs of a fungal infection, treat the plant with a fungicide. In the fall, before bringing the plants into the room, it is necessary to carefully examine them for pests and diseases, wash them and, if necessary, carry out processing.

For more details, see the article Pests of indoor plants and measures to combat them.

Pruning and shaping. The best time to prune flowering plants is with the end of the flowering season, this pruning will not affect the decorative effect next year. For some, pruning is possible in early spring before the start of growth, if flower buds are laid not on last year's shoots, but on young shoots of the current year. Palm trees are not pruned, only old dried leaves are removed. Other deciduous plants can be pruned at any time to maintain a compact crown. Most plants are pruned in the fall before being moved indoors to save space. It is recommended to prune citrus fruits in early spring, as the leaves contain reserves in case of unfavorable winter conditions.

Large-leaved hydrangea
Large-leaved hydrangea

Large-leaved hydrangea

Wintering. With the onset of autumn frosts, when the summer cottage season has not yet ended, tub plants should be temporarily brought to light terraces or in vacant greenhouses. Cut some at the same time. Depending on their origin, plants need different winter maintenance.

Deciduous and semi-deciduous plants such as large-leaved hydrangea, pomegranate, figs, fan maples, fuchsias, roses, chrysanthemums can spend the winter in a frost-free basement. Before placing them there, it is necessary to wait for complete leaf fall, it will naturally occur in the fall when the length of the day decreases and the temperature drops, the remaining foliage must be removed manually. If there is not enough space in the apartment, you can leave these plants in the country. It is only necessary to provide sufficient ventilation in the basement so that the plants do not rot, and from time to time make sure that the soil in the pots does not completely dry out. Another wintering option for them is on cool, but frost-free loggias. Warm wintering is suitable for most people from the tropics, such as hibiscus, dracaena, some palm trees, ficuses, etc. They are ready to grow all year round, they do not need winter rest,it would be warm and light enough. It is imperative for such species to provide additional illumination with a day length of about 12 hours a day. For this, LED or fluorescent phytolamps are suitable. However, living in the same room with such lamps is not very comfortable, their spectrum consists mainly of red and blue rays, which in total gives a lilac color that is unpleasant for the eyes. For most species, the normal white light provided by household fluorescent lamps will suffice. Plants will hardly delight with their flowering, but they will survive the winter quite safely. In warm, but not hot room conditions with additional lighting, many subtropical palms, such as hovea, karyota, chamedorea, and dates, will be able to winter. It is desirable to increase the humidity in the room. By the way,it will be useful not only for plants, but also for you. A cool hibernation will be required for most subtropical evergreen species. Winter rest, growth arrest, is their physiological need. These include oleanders, myrtles, citrus fruits, laurel, rosemary. Wintering in warm rooms greatly depletes these plants and after a few years they can die. Unsuitable conditions in winter affect flowering and fruiting, plants are greatly weakened and become easily accessible to various parasites and diseases.Unsuitable conditions in winter affect flowering and fruiting, plants are greatly weakened and become easily accessible to various parasites and diseases.Unsuitable conditions in winter affect flowering and fruiting, plants are greatly weakened and become easily accessible to various parasites and diseases.

Winter overexposure of container plants in a cool greenhouse
Winter overexposure of container plants in a cool greenhouse

Winter overexposure of container plants in a cool greenhouse

Winter overexposure of container plants in a cool greenhouse
Winter overexposure of container plants in a cool greenhouse

Winter overexposure of container plants in a cool greenhouse

Tropical species that are especially sensitive to a lack of light, for example, bougainvilleas, so that they do not deplete, it is still recommended to slightly lower the temperature of winter content. This will immerse them in shallow peace, slow down metabolic processes, and help save energy.

In a country house, which is a place of permanent residence, such plants are allocated a cool, bright terrace. If the country house is not adapted for year-round living, then an insulated loggia is equipped in the apartment. The optimum temperature of this winter - an average of +12 … + 15 about S. Usually, terraces and balconies there is still a small temperature gradient from the bottom and cooler closer to the walls of the street, where the temperature can drop to 5 to C warmer on top and in the middle, where it is +18 o C, according to this, plants can be arranged according to their temperature needs. Some plants need extra lighting even when kept cool. In the absence of a summer cottage, such an insulated balcony can be used for year-round keeping of many plants.

Photo: Rita Brilliantova, Lada Anoshina, Maxim Minin

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