Annual Salvia

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Annual Salvia
Annual Salvia

Video: Annual Salvia

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Salvia sparkling Amore Formula Mixture
Salvia sparkling Amore Formula Mixture

Salvia sparkling Amore Formula Mixture

Continuation. The beginning is in the article Sage and Salvia.

In the vast genus Salvia, or sage (Salvia), there are very few annual and biennial species. However, due to tropical and subtropical origins, a number of perennial and subshrub species in temperate climates are also grown as annual crops. In order for them to bloom, it is necessary to grow them through seedlings.

Salvia sparkling, or brilliant (Salvia splendens) - by nature a semi-shrub, the stems of which are woody in the lower part, at home in Brazil reaches a height of 1 m.It was introduced into culture in Europe at the beginning of the 19th century. The plant is not frost-resistant, so at first it was grown as a greenhouse, and only later they guessed to sow it as an annual.

Salvia sparkling Russian size
Salvia sparkling Russian size

Salvia sparkling Russian size

Salvia sparkling Saluti Deep Red
Salvia sparkling Saluti Deep Red

Salvia sparkling Saluti Deep Red

Stems branch from the base, more or less pubescent. Leaves are dark green, oval, pointed, 5-7 cm long, dentate or crenate along the edge. The flowers are arranged in 2-6 whorls, usually open simultaneously, forming an inflorescence up to 20 cm long. The color effect is given by bright red (in species plants) bracts, which are up to 1 cm long, cups up to 2 cm long and corollas up to 5 cm long.

Salvia sparkling Reddy Nero Mixture
Salvia sparkling Reddy Nero Mixture

Salvia sparkling Reddy Nero Mixture

It is one of the best plants for patterned flower beds, carpet parterres and flowerpots and is often used in urban landscaping. Its glowing flowers go well with seaside cineraria, maiden feverfew, broom cochia. The popularity of the plant spurs the efforts of breeders. From varieties with white, pink, purple flowers, wonderful compact, densely leafy varieties with a height of 25-50 cm of different colors have been bred, salmon colors and even two-color ones have appeared - scarlet with white shrieks, coral with white specks. F1 hybrids were also obtained, characterized by strong growth, high inflorescences, and resistance to rainy weather.

Salvia sparkling Sizler two-tone F1
Salvia sparkling Sizler two-tone F1

Salvia sparkling Sizler two-tone F1

Salvia sparkling Reddy Formula Mixture
Salvia sparkling Reddy Formula Mixture

Salvia sparkling Reddy Formula Mixture

Bright red salvia (Salvia coccinea) is very similar to brilliant salvia. It is a Mexican plant that has naturalized throughout South and Central America in the southern states of the United States. In Europe, it has been cultivated for more than two centuries, in the mildest regions it overwinters under mulch, which is why it gained popularity there. In our cold climate, it can grow only as an annual, but, of course, it is inferior in splendor to the glittering Salvia, therefore, it is practically not common.

It is a semi-shrub 50-70 cm tall, with ovate-oblong pointed leaves, pubescent underneath with white hairs. Inflorescences are unbranched, loose, up to 30 cm tall. Whorls consist of 4-8 flowers with a red corolla.

The most famous is the abundantly flowering red variety Lady in Red, the variety Coral Nymph has an interesting color - with dark calyxes, white tube and coral limb of the corolla.

Salvia bright red
Salvia bright red

Salvia bright red

Mealy salvia Rio
Mealy salvia Rio

Mealy salvia Rio

Mealy salvia (Salvia farinaceae) grows wildly in Mexico and Texas. It has been cultivated in North America since the 19th century, while in Europe it has become widely known only in the current millennium.

This is a tall plant, up to 1 in height, grows up to 60 cm in width. Stems are straight, branched, densely covered with hairs, densely leafy. Leaves are dark green, about 8 cm long, oval or linear-lanceolate. The inflorescences are dense, reminiscent of lavender inflorescences, 15-30 cm long, consist of whorls of 8-16 flowers with grayish-white calyxes about 1 cm long. Corolla about 1.5 cm long, with a wide lower lip, blue, violet or purple. The inflorescences are densely pubescent, including the corolla of flowers, for which this salvia was named mealy.

Where winter temperatures do not drop below -14 degrees, this plant is perennial. In colder climates, it is grown as an annual.

Species plants are much taller than varietal plants, which, as a rule, do not exceed 50 cm in height. Mainly grown varieties:

Circus - with white flowers and grayish-white stems;

  • Victoria - about 50 cm, with purple-blue stems and flowers;
  • Varieties White Victoria and Blue Victoria have, respectively, white and violet-white flowers and stems, height 35 cm.
  • Strata - up to 40 cm, with silvery-white stems and calyxes, against which the blue corollas stand out in contrast;
  • Unschuld - with silvery-white stems and corollas.

There are often color mixtures on sale that allow you to create self-sufficient flower beds and borders.

Salvia Rejected Cambridge Blue
Salvia Rejected Cambridge Blue

Salvia Rejected Cambridge Blue

Salvia patens was found in Mexico in 1838 and is widely cultivated, for example, in England. There this plant is perennial (winter-hardy up to -12 degrees), and in our country it is grown as an annual. The renowned British gardener Graham Stuart Thomas considers it "the best cultivated plant."

Plant up to 75 cm tall, branched stems, with deviated lateral shoots, sticky to the touch. Leaves are numerous, up to 20 cm long, triangular or spear-shaped, sometimes oval, crenate along the edge, pale green. The flowers are large, 5 cm long, double-lipped, wide open, with a short tube and a helmet-like upper lip, sitting opposite in pairs, forming a high inflorescence.

It has varieties with larger, up to 8 cm flowers, blue and white, for example:

Blue Angel - a variety with larger, up to 6 cm, flowers of a luminous ultramarine color in long spikes;

  • Cambridge Blue - up to 75 cm tall, with blue flowers.

For flowering to begin in early summer, seeds are sown in early spring for seedlings. The plant has a feature that is not characteristic of other salvia - it has tuberous rhizomes that can be stored in a frost-free room in the sand in winter, like dahlias. In the spring, for early flowering, they are driven out in pots and transplanted into open ground. Our plant is rare.

Salvia roemeriana is another North American species that has just begun to appear in our market. It grows in Mexico, as well as the American states of Texas and Arizona. In Europe, it has been cultivated since the 19th century as a semi-hardy annual, which is able to withstand small temperatures below zero (up to -12 degrees) and sometimes hibernates there.

It is a compact and neat plant 30 cm high. Forms numerous dark purple stems, which are crowned with thin inflorescences 10-20 cm long. In a whorl there are only 2-4 tubular flowers 3 cm long. Flowers from bright red to dark cherry red, with dark calyxes. The leaves are rather small, grayish-green, round or heart-shaped, wavy along the edge.

Hot Trumpets is a 15-30 cm tall cultivar with scarlet flowers, purple calyxes and stems.

The plant reproduces easily by seeds, blooms quickly and stands in bloom until autumn. Its only condition is good drained soil.

Salvia green, or variegated (Salvia viridis) is marketed under the name Salvia horminum, or Horminum, which belongs to its brightest variety. It is the only annual species native to Southeast Europe, North Africa and Western Asia, along the Mediterranean Sea. As a cultivated plant, it was described by the English botanist John Gerard back in 1596. At first, this slightly aromatic plant was used as a culinary and cutting plant, live and dried. All parts of the plant have aroma: the leaves were used for salads, soups and other hot dishes, and together with the seeds - for flavoring liqueurs, essential oil - in the production of beer and wine.

Salvia green
Salvia green

Salvia green "Marble gate"

The decorative effect of the plant is not given by flowers, but by brightly colored bracts. This is a true annual up to 60 cm tall, with branched, pubescent and glandular stems, oval or oblong, crenate along the edge of the leaves about 5 cm long. Flowers are small, up to 1.5 cm, white, purple or lilac, 4-8 in false whorls, forming apical racemes up to 30 cm long. Under the whorls there are large "paper" bracts of white, pink, blue or purple color with darker veins. Flowering begins in mid-June, but the bracts retain their color until autumn. Color mixes are usually sold and plants tend to be shorter in height. This is very valuable as tall varieties can lodge.

Reproduction

Annual salvias are propagated by seeds, which must be sown for seedlings from late February to early March, since they bloom no earlier than 3 months after sowing.

Seeds are hardly embedded in the substrate and are germinated in the light at 22 + … + 25 about C postemergence temperature a few degrees lower. Brilliant and bright red salvias emerge in 7-12 days, rejected salvia - 4-7 days.

The humidity is kept moderate so that the seedlings do not rot. They feed little by little, as small plants are sensitive to excess salts. Night temperatures in the process of growing seedlings should not fall below + 13 … + 16 o C. Before planting in the ground, the plants are hardened. They are planted when the danger of late spring frosts has completely passed - the plants absolutely do not tolerate sub-zero temperatures. When planting, maintain a distance of 20 cm.

Since many annual salvias are semi-shrubs by nature, their flowering can be prolonged by transplanting them into pots in the fall. They will decorate with themselves, for example, a glazed loggia. The temperature of the content should be within + 15 + 22 o C. However, in order not to introduce pests on indoor plants, the leaves and stems of salvia should first be washed with water and treated with an insecticide.

Continuation - in the articles:

Sage: a little about new products and exotics

Sage in landscape design

Salvia sparkling
Salvia sparkling

Salvia sparkling

Salvia sparkling Reddy Nero Mixture
Salvia sparkling Reddy Nero Mixture

Salvia sparkling Reddy Nero Mixture

Photo: Rita Brilliantova, Nina Starostenko

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