It All Starts With Seeds

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It All Starts With Seeds
It All Starts With Seeds

Video: It All Starts With Seeds

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: It all starts with a seed - Usborne 2023, February
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The sowing campaign begins again, which means that it's time to get ready for spring, buy seeds, prepare nutritious soil, get boxes and pots, and expand the window sills. But the most important thing is to take into account the mistakes of the last season, so as not in vain to try and grow the crop better than the previous one.

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Several general ground requirements

First, you need to clearly understand how many young plants (taking into account possible natural "cataclysms") you need.

  • It is worthwhile to beware of sowing too early due to an acute lack of light, which will cause the plants to outgrow and stretch unnecessarily. This time is also characterized by too large a difference between room temperature and the temperature on the windowsill, where the seedlings are usually grown. The most optimal period is the second half of March and early April.
  • The selection of soil for healthy seedlings should be taken very seriously, it should be sufficiently loose and breathable. If you buy soil from a retail network, then keep in mind that purchased soil may contain a lack or excess of nutrients. By the way, experts say that the land prepared in advance and standing for several months is much more effective than the one just made.
  • Sand is the most common component in artificial soils. It is added to the mixture from a handful to half of the total volume. A good mixture is obtained from coarse river sand with leafy soil in equal volumes with the addition of a certain amount of bird droppings and ash.
  • Leaf humus is the most important component of the mixture, which ensures its good structure and serves as the main source of nutrition for plants. It is not necessary that the leaves are completely rotted, it is enough that they crumble easily. They need to be prepared a little more, because in the process of decomposition, their volume decreases.
  • And the most unfortunate option is to collect land, which is brought for the improvement of local areas or somewhere in the park, where it is saturated with harmful substances.
  • On your site, the land must be taken from the corner where vegetables have not been grown for 2-3 years so as not to introduce pathogens and pests into the soil.
  • As a rule, the soil substrate bought in the store had to be sterilized before being sold, but you can still be insured and subject it to disinfection. To do this, warm the soil on an iron baking sheet to a temperature of no higher than 100 degrees, or spill it twice with boiling water.
  • For growing seedlings, the southern window sill is most suitable for better lighting, because there is not enough sunlight in early spring.
  • An electric light or any tricks to enhance the illumination of the seedlings (mirror, aluminum foil, etc.) is desirable.
  • And now the general requirements for seeds

    The key to a high yield of vegetable plants is high-quality seed preparation for sowing. Most gardeners grow their staple vegetables through seedlings or sowing seeds indoors or outdoors. And in any case, the pre-sowing preparation of seeds must be approached very carefully, because it is known that "from a bad seed do not expect a good tribe."

    After all, it will be very disappointing if you spend a lot of effort and time to grow seedlings, but it turns out that either nothing has sprung up, or very little has sprung up and the sprouts are weak and frail.

    Especially such pre-sowing preparation of seeds is necessary in cases where they have not undergone the required technological treatment or obtained independently from mother plants grown by gardeners.

    Most gardeners buy seeds from specialty stores that value their reputation and guarantee high quality goods, which cannot be said about the sale of seeds by private sellers. They often purchase a large batch of seeds (sometimes expired), pack them themselves and cannot guarantee their quality.

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    Seed handling usually begins long before the summer season, most often before the New Year. But before purchasing seeds for the new season, you need to carefully review the old stocks in order to remove and discard those that have expired. In no case should expired seeds be sown, because you can be left without a crop. Moreover, for most vegetable crops, fresh (last year) seeds are preferable.

    At the same time, many questions immediately arise before the gardener. Which seeds are best used for growing seedlings - your own or purchased at a store? Which seeds are better to buy: varieties or heterotic hybrids, domestic or foreign selection? How to process the seeds so as not to infect the seedlings? How best to prepare them? And finally, how much are these very seeds worth?

    New promising seeds of hybrids (especially imported ones) are very expensive. And the low price for them is most likely a signal of poor quality seeds. At the same time, the high cost of promising hybrids is more than compensated for by the increase in yield and its high quality. Such varieties and hybrids have an excellent appearance, resistance to diseases, pests and adverse weather conditions.

    Therefore, when assessing how expensive certain seeds are, it is imperative to pay attention to their packaging. If earlier 2-3 g of seeds were poured into bags, and sometimes up to 10 g, then in recent years the count of seeds in a bag has been in pieces. Therefore, seemingly expensive seeds may turn out to be cheaper if there are more seeds in the bag.

    It is better to buy seeds only from those manufacturing firms that have proven themselves well, including in your garden. Famous breeding companies include Gavrish (tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, eggplants), Manul (tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, eggplants, salads, radish), etc. All these companies always indicate their coordinates on the seed bag.

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    It is necessary to be very careful with unfamiliar companies and stores in which sellers do not understand seeds. As a last resort, it is better to focus on the reviews of more experienced gardeners or take 1-2 bags of seeds for a sample.

    The question is also important: in which packaging to choose seeds? Seeds, packed in foil bags or in double bags, the inner one of which is foil, retain germination longer. The fact is that in such packages the moisture content of the seeds themselves fluctuates less. If the inner bag is made of plain paper, then such packaging has no advantages.

    And when choosing between a colorful and a simple package of the same variety, one must remember that often the cost of such an empty colorful bag significantly exceeds the cost of seeds packed in it.

    In this case, the expiration date or sale of seeds must be pierced by hand with an ink stamp and in no case by printing. This means that this is a fake, or the seeds are long expired.

    And last but not least. Do not buy seeds hand-held, even if they are much cheaper than store seeds. When buying seeds, one cannot have a very accurate proverb: "A miser pays twice …" it is very suitable for this case.

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    "Ural gardener", No. 2, 2018

    Photo: Rita Brilliantova

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