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Video: Vegetable Crops That Can Be Sown In July
July is the top of summer. At this time, it is usually very hot during the day, and the soil often lacks moisture, and in greenhouses there is generally real heat. But it turns out that even in this, it would seem, well, quite unfavorable month for vegetable crops, you can not only plant very many crops, but also get really serious harvests.
Of course, first of all, we advise you to give preference to those crops that ripen in the shortest possible time, because the century of summer is not long - August will be marked by cold nights, and in September the first snow may fall.
Let's talk about when it is better to sow and plant in July, which of the vegetable crops are most adapted for this and, of course, we will give such advice so that the gardener, deciding to sow vegetables in July, is not disappointed, but ends up with a good and environmentally friendly harvest.
We all know that crops such as radish, turnip, rutabaga, carrot, beetroot, parsnip and root parsley are already perfectly ready for harvest when sown at traditional times. However, at the height of summer it is still too early to lay the harvests of these summer crops for storage, because when the real summer heat is on the street, it is quite difficult to create a temperature close to zero and sufficiently high humidity in the room.
And if you cheat and sow the above crops in the summer, that is, in July, then they will ripen exactly by the period when it will not be so hot outside the window, and it will be much easier to provide them with proper storage conditions.
Let's start with green crops. So, what kind of greens can be sown in July without fear of being left without a crop? Of course, this is borago, or cucumber herb. For the borago, you need to pick up a light shade, because under the scorching July rays, the borago will bloom and bloom so abundantly that the young leaves will plummet in an instant.
Borago, or cucumber herb
Dill under the hot June sun can be planted twice - at the very end of the month and at the beginning. However, if you do not want the dill seeds in a protective shell, being in warm ground, to sleep all July, then first soak them for a day in rainwater.
Next, prepare the soil for dill, make a bed. Be sure to choose the most well-lit place, always with fertile soil. If the soil does not differ in fertility, then about a week before sowing dill, apply to this area for digging the soil along a bucket of humus and a tablespoon of nitroammofoska per square meter.
In the future, when the beds are ready, and dill can be safely sown, try to place the seeds at a distance of 1-2 cm from each other so that no further thinning is required and the crops are not overly thickened.
But the watercress rises and ripens as quickly as possible, so it can be safely planted in July. Imagine - seedlings will appear on the soil surface just 14 days after sowing the seeds into the soil.
Sowing salad Emerald Lace NK
Lettuce grows a little slower, also if it is planted in July, usually 25-30 days pass before harvesting. As for lettuce, it is imperative to thin out the seedlings, otherwise the plants will begin to stretch, and the leaves from lack of nutrition and moisture, that is, due to banal competition, will begin to wither and may even become covered with rot, which will be almost impossible to get rid of.
By the way, there is one secret - if you want the leaf outlet to be as lush as possible, be aware that the salad simply adores moisture, so in hot and dry weather it will be necessary to water it thoroughly.
In July, spinach cannot be ignored either; he must find a suitable place for him. In order for the capricious spinach to rise as quickly and amicably as possible, you must first soak the seeds for two hours in ordinary rainwater, then you can sow, and after 7-8 days, entrances must appear on the soil surface.
You won't have to wait for the spinach crop either, it will only take 14 days, and it can be harvested.
Next in line we have arugula, or indau - it is also not averse to bask in the summer July sun rays. With normal sowing, without soaking at all, arugula seeds will sprout in a maximum of a week. The main thing is to prepare the soil for this culture appropriately - moisten, add a bucket of humus per square meter and a tablespoon of nitroammophoska. Know that the lowest leaves are the tastiest for arugula. Varieties such as Solitaire and Rococo grow best in hot conditions.
Vegetable spinach Fatty
Parsley and leeks, if planted at the very beginning of July, give the first full harvest by the end of the month. The most interesting thing is that these plants can not be removed from the site with the arrival of cold weather - next year they will rise earlier than others and will delight you with elegant greenery.
It is quite suitable for sowing in July and radishes, the first sowing can be done at the very beginning of the month, and the second at the end of July. The main thing is to ensure the abundance of nitrogen in the soil, for this, before sowing the radish in the area where it will grow, it is necessary to add a tablespoon of urea diluted in a bucket of water, this is the norm per square meter of the area.
Radish can be sown both on a fresh plot and on an area where early potatoes were grown and harvested before.
Daikon - when sowing this beautiful crop in June, in October you will harvest a rich harvest of daikon and, what is most interesting, such a crop will be stored without problems until March, absolutely without loss of varietal qualities.
In addition, if you sow daikon in June, then you will forever forget about such misfortunes as cruciferous flea beetles, turnip scoops and cabbage scoops.
Daikon Pink Glitter Misato
Well, where without peas, beans and beans? After all, they ripen quite quickly, and therefore they can be sown in July. In addition, any of these crops are cold-resistant, and if the first autumn frosts suddenly hit, they will endure them without fear.
The main thing is that for a friendly germination, the seeds of these crops must be soaked in rainwater overnight. The very bed in which you will place the seeds, and also needs to be shed very well.
By the way, few people know, but beans are a wonderful neighbor to greenhouse plants, they will get along with both tomatoes and cucumbers, and, most interestingly, you will remove both tomatoes and cucumbers by the time you need to collect beans.
Do not forget about perennial crops, they can also be sown in July. Such crops include sorrel, rhubarb, all types of onions. The main thing is not to select areas for them that are flooded with melt, irrigation, rain moisture and those areas where cold air accumulates.
Be sure to take into account the previous crops that grew on this site before. For example, summer radish, peas, dill, potatoes, and early cucumbers are considered good predecessors.
All these perennials that we indicated above, even before the onset of frost, will certainly form a full-fledged rosette of leaf blades. All you need to do in the future is to lay a layer of mulch under these plants in the form of humus or compost with a layer of 4-6 cm with the onset of cold weather.
Sowing tips in July
First of all, naturally, give preference to the earliest ripening hybrids and cultivars, do not forget to plant only compatible crops side by side, be sure to take into account the crop rotation and prepare the beds as carefully as possible, fertilizing them, eliminating plant residues, predecessors and weeds. If there is a need, for example, in the case when the soil is very compacted, then dig it with a full bayonet of a shovel with 25 urea, 40 g of superphosphate and 18 g of potassium sulfate per square meter of soil.
It is also imperative to take into account the fact that crops in July can suffer very much from a moisture deficit in the soil, therefore, it is advisable to pre-soak the seeds, and the holes or furrows in which they should be placed must also be thoroughly moistened.
Midsummer, that is, July, is the same fertile month, and if sowing is carried out even at this burning time, knowing the subtleties and biological characteristics of each crop, you can get a good harvest without any problems.
Photo: Rita Brilliantova
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