Table of contents:
- Modern beauties are picky …
- Climate and care
- You can't go to the lowlands with beards
- Fertilizing irises can … get sick
- Sun and freedom are the guarantee of health
- So as not to freeze
Video: How To Negotiate With Bearded Irises
All my adult life I was surrounded by flowers. Love for them passed to me from my mother. What kind of flowers did not grow on my garden plot: roses, lilies, tulips, gladioli, dahlias … There were also irises - old, reliable varieties. Modern hybrid varieties of irises have entered my life quite recently. Just 5 years ago, in 2014, I saw them for the first time at a friend's house, to whom I came to buy daylilies. I got on blooming irises. And … instead of daylilies I bought all the varieties of irises that she had, 23 varieties of irises!
Iris collection owner
Iris Stairway to Heaven
Modern beauties are picky …
For five years my collection has grown to 500 varieties, dwarf irises have been added, and of course, daylilies. For me, iris is the most desirable flower, I am a fan of it. Delicate, graceful, with a unique shape! And such an abundance of colors, shades, color combinations and overflows can not be repeated by any plant. And all this beauty is spiced with the finest aromas! Iris paradise on earth!
Iris Sunny Beach
Irises have been known in culture for over 4000 years. The variety of varieties was created on the basis of crosses and selection based on natural diploid forms. These varieties were completely resistant to diseases, not demanding on growing conditions, winter hardy. By the end of the 19th century, the decorative potential of diploid cultural forms of garden bearded irises was practically exhausted. A new approach to breeding work with iris began to develop from the beginning of the 20th century towards the creation of polyploid varieties. On a scientific basis, with the help of a biochemical effect on the genotype, a series of polyploid varieties was created in Europe in 1910. In the middle of the 20th century, as a result of a difficult political situation, the selection of garden bearded irises in Europe almost completely ceases, but it is developing rapidly in America.To date, the leadership in the hybridization of irises is finally secured for the United States.
Modern polyploid hybrids are our favorites - bright, elegant, eye-catching and admirable in color, shape, corrugation and lace! But, alas … Acquiring unearthly beauty as a result of endless crosses, beautiful iris weakened its genetic resistance to diseases and adverse environmental conditions, became less winter-hardy compared to its parents.
Iris Good Morning Sunshine
Climate and care
When breeding a variety, any modern high-level hybridizer with a worldwide reputation works on the optimal combination of decorative characteristics and morphobiological characteristics. This ensures the variety's ability to adapt to different conditions and minimize growing problems. And yet they are. And for the successful cultivation of tall bearded irises, you need to have an idea of how to grow and preserve this beauty on your site.
Experience comes over the years. My experience is only 5 years old. But I was definitely convinced that climatic conditions are important for the choice of methods and means to ensure favorable conditions for growing irises. I live in the Rostov region with a pronounced continental climate. And my experience is shaped in these conditions.
Iris Girl's Got Rhythm
Iris Gotta Feeling
You can't go to the lowlands with beards
Where to begin? The first is the place where the irises grow. They do not tolerate humid places, lowlands, where water stagnates at any time of the year. One wintering with an abundance of snow and thaws in February doomed my favorites to long standing in the water. The ensuing illnesses and the loss of several varieties forced me to transplant the irises to high beds.
Irises love light soil, neutral. I have black soil, the soil is heavy. So I add sand, it makes it water and breathable.
Fertilizing irises can … get sick
Irises definitely need wood ash. It will make the soil alkaline, and pathogens of wet rot - the most dangerous disease of irises - do not like alkaline soil. I bring it in when planting for digging, and then when leaving in the winter I pour it directly on the stem root and behind the heel.
- In no case should organic matter be introduced into the soil in any form! This is again a favorite medium for pathogens. It is permissible to apply humus or compost to a great depth, where only the roots will reach.
- Complex fertilizer is needed in the spring. I bring "Autumn" to Fertik or Kemir, right on the snow in March or after the snow melts. These fertilizers contain minimal amount of nitrogen, it is quite enough for the normal development of the plant. And an excess of nitrogen reduces the resistance of irises to disease.
I rarely water irises, mainly during flowering and when planting. I have drip irrigation, because you can't water it otherwise in high beds. Sometimes I make grooves and pour water from a hose into them.
Late fall. Sprinkle with ash.
Drip iris iris
Sun and freedom are the guarantee of health
The area for planting irises should be sunny, open. Good ventilation of the bushes is of great importance. Irises do not like thickening. In thickened plantings, a fertile moist environment is created for the development of bacterial and fungal diseases. When planting on 1 square meter, I plant up to 18 fans, subject to their annual division.
If I plan to divide the bushes at the optimal time - once every 3-4 years, then I reduce the number of fans to 15 per 1 sq. M.
And, of course, regular weeding is needed. No weeds!
Regular division and planting of the iris bush - at least after 3-4 years - is one of the ways to fight disease.
Planting irises after dividing
So as not to freeze
It is important not to allow freezing of plants, because frozen iris is a wide-open gate for disease. To do this, you need to plant the "bearded man" at the optimal time - not less than 2 months before the onset of stable frosts. Well-rooted iris is "drawn" into the soil to the depth it needs. At the same time, good snow cover will ensure a normal wintering.
It is better, of course, to cover late landings. If multiple fans are planted, 5 liter plastic bottles can be placed by cutting off the bottom. You can regulate the temperature with a stopper, closing the neck when the temperature drops sharply. I cover in this way weak or especially valuable, expensive varieties. The Krasnodar iris grower V. Shatalov, from whom I adopted this experience, successfully uses this technique.
All plantings can be insulated, but this must be applied in accordance with your climatic conditions. I covered my irises with soil, just huddled. But early in the spring they need to be uncovered. And when there are many of them, you cannot do it quickly. Covered with spandbon - very troublesome with a large number of plants, although it works very well. She covered in arcs, plastic boxes in such a way that there was an air layer under the covering material. This year I covered all the plantings with coniferous litter. I will evaluate the results in the spring. I do not recommend covering the stalk root with sand - it freezes quickly.
Irises after wintering under spunbond
All the irises are covered
Fertile varieties. Grow well after wintering!
Continued - in the article If iris diseases happened.
Special issue of the newspaper "My favorite flowers"
"Summer colors: peonies, irises, lilies, daylilies", Nizhny Novgorod
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