Familiar Cineraria - Unfamiliar Pericalis

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Familiar Cineraria - Unfamiliar Pericalis
Familiar Cineraria - Unfamiliar Pericalis
Video: Familiar Cineraria - Unfamiliar Pericalis
Video: Цинерария перезимовала, обрежем и укореним. 2023, February
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Pericallis hybrid (Pericallis x hybrida), or hybrid cineraria (Cineraria x hybrida)
Pericallis hybrid (Pericallis x hybrida), or hybrid cineraria (Cineraria x hybrida)

Pericallis hybrid (Pericallis x hybrida), or hybrid cineraria (Cineraria x hybrida)

Cineraria is the most common trade name for these compact "live bouquets" in pots, which have been on sale since early spring. Numerous daisy-like flowers, red, white, blue or purple in color with a characteristic eye in the center and a white border, are trimmed with large dark green leaves.

In 1777, Britain was a hybrid between the two closely related species, called Cineraria hybrid (Cineraria × hybrida). But now the genus Cineraria includes only South African species, and the plants involved in hybridization grow in the Canary Islands and are now referred to the genus Pericallis (Pericallis cruenta and Pericallis lanata). The correct botanical name for cineraria is hybrid Pericallis (Pericallis × hybrida), translated from Greek means "Beauty around"! Some botanists consider the plant as part of the vast and widespread genus Senecio, on sale it can be found under this name or under the brand name Senetti.

Pericalis is very fragile, and as a perennial it can grow only in coastal areas with cool summers in winter hardiness zones 9b - 10b (up to -1 о С). After flowering, garden plants are cut under the base there, by autumn, before the temperature drops, they grow from the roots and bloom again in spring or early summer.

In other climates, pericalis is short-lived, but can be grown as a flowering annual garden or houseplant.

Pericallis hybrid (Pericallis x hybrida), or hybrid cineraria (Cineraria x hybrida)
Pericallis hybrid (Pericallis x hybrida), or hybrid cineraria (Cineraria x hybrida)

Pericallis hybrid (Pericallis x hybrida), or hybrid cineraria (Cineraria x hybrida)

Blooming plant care at home

It boils down to maintaining optimal conditions for longer flowering. It is almost impossible to keep it longer, therefore, before buying, you need to understand that the plant is seasonal, and at the end of flowering it is thrown away.

For long-lasting flowering, make sure that the leaves of the plant are fresh and juicy when buying, and there are many unopened buds.

Lighting. Choose a well lit and cool place. Pericalis can grow in partial shade and full sun, although it prefers bright indirect light. Place it on windows with a north or east orientation, the plant may be too hot on south or west windowsills.

Temperature. It is a spring flower and loves coolness. It is optimal to maintain the temperature + 13 … + 18 о С during the day and about + 7 … + 13 о С at night. At a warmer content, the plant fades quickly. At temperatures above +26 o C, flowering stops. However, cineraria cannot stand cold drafts; they cause wilting and yellowing of leaves.

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Watering. Pericalis in need of watering will quickly die without rapid irrigation, waterlogging often causes root rot. Keep the soil in the pot always slightly damp but not damp, and never let the substrate dry completely. Water after the top layer of the substrate dries, being careful not to get on the leaves.

Read more in the article Watering rules for indoor plants.

You can revive a drooping plant by briefly immersing the pot in water until the air bubbles exit. Then let the excess water drain and protect the plant from the sun until the leaves are fully turgid. If this does not help, then the plant has rotted roots and can be thrown away.

Air humidity. Pericalis prefers high humidity, but puts up with the usual conditions of a cold room.

Top dressing and transplanting. Plants purchased by already flowering plants do not need feeding and transplanting, they are well filled with fertilizers in the greenhouse, this supply is quite enough for them for 4-6 weeks of flowering, which is more abundant if the roots are a little cramped in the pot.

Flowering in cool conditions can last up to 4-6 weeks. This usually ends the life of the plant. But according to the producers of Senetti varieties, if at the end of flowering they are cut to half their height, then after 4-6 weeks re-flowering is possible.

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Leaving after flowering. The plant is usually thrown away. But you can try to simulate the natural cycle of this perennial. Cut off after flowering under the base, after which young shoots should appear soon. In the summer they should be protected from the heat, in the winter they should be kept cool in bright light, and it may be possible to wait for flowering in the spring.

Diseases and pests. If aphids are found, one treatment with Aktara or other insecticides according to the instructions is enough. In case of damage by thrips or whitefly, place the plant in an isolator; 3-4 treatments with Aktara with an interval of 7-10 days or other systemic preparations from these pests will be required. In dry air and with insufficient watering, the plant is strongly affected by spider mites, arrange for care and treat with acaricides.

For more details, see the article Pests of indoor plants and measures to combat them.

Waterlogging of the soil, excessive humidity at night, moisture on the leaves provoke fungal diseases such as spotting and gray rot. Avoid crowding, stagnant damp air, water so that the leaves have time to dry out by night. In too hot conditions, especially when leaves lose turgor, pericalllis is affected by powdery mildew. Water the plant in time and protect it from high temperatures. If fungal diseases are found, treat with appropriate fungicides.

Attention! Pericalis is a poisonous plant that is dangerous to children and pets.

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Reproduction

Pericalis is grown from seed. This process is very laborious and lengthy. It takes 6 to 9 months before flowering and cool conditions are required. But those who wish to grow pericalis and are not afraid of difficulties can try. To get a blooming bouquet for Valentine's Day, the seeds are sown at the very beginning of September, so that the buds open by Easter - in mid-October, for winter flowering, seeds are sown from June to August.

For cultivation, a slightly acidic and well-drained soil is needed; a ready-made peat substrate with the addition of sand is suitable. It should be moistened before sowing seeds. Seeds are spread over the surface of the soil, slightly pressing, but not sprinkling - they need light for germination! The optimum temperature for germination is about + 19 … + 22 o C. Seedlings should appear in about 2 weeks.

As soon as the first shoots, it is necessary to reduce the temperature to 15 on C and protect the seedlings from direct sun. Water with care to avoid causing fungal diseases.

After a month, transplant into pots with a diameter of 5 cm.When the roots have mastered this volume, transfer strong plants into pots with a diameter of 10-12 cm.

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria
Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

Hybrid pericalis, or hybrid cineraria

From September to January, the young plants should be kept in the shade at a temperature of about + 9 … + 10 to C in a spacious and bright, sheltered from rain and drafts location. Young plants are fed with a universal fertilizer at a half dosage.

In February-April, with an increase in illumination, pericalis begins to actively grow, and as soon as it begins to bloom, it is necessary to raise the temperature to + 15 … + 18 о С and feed with fertilizers for flowering plants in a half dosage. Full bloom occurs in 4 weeks.

Photo from the GreenInfo.ru forum

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