Video: Golden Garden
Where the main color of the garden is determined by the golden gamut, where yellow-orange tones prevail, even on the most cloudy day the sun and warmth will be remembered. It is not difficult to form such a garden, since at present many yellow-leaved varieties of woody plants have been bred and no less herbaceous plants, unlike the pompous and official red-leaved forms, they cannot be attributed to too obligatory. Warm sunny shades are more often associated with home comfort and go well with the measured (maybe even carefree) suburban lifestyle. After the gray city, the main paint of which is determined by the color of concrete and asphalt, muted gold against a green background is quite appropriate in the garden and goes well with the surrounding nature.
Of course, it will not work to decorate the entire site with only golden forms, if only for the reason that the overwhelming majority of such plants retain their bright color, provided they are grown in sunny, well-lit places. Naturally, in any area there are both sunny and shaded or semi-shaded corners. But this is not required. It is enough to plant a few bright dominants, backing them up with pastel, less expressive forms, add a little yellow paint to the flower beds and the area seems to be splashed with drops of sunlight or painted with the golden rays of a heavenly body or warmed by the warmth of an inexhaustible source of life - that's who you like, it all depends on your mood … In fairness, we note that the yellow foliage is not only sun and warmth, but also the gold of autumn with a blue dome of the sky,cool matinees and crunchy thin ice of the puddles frozen during the night.
|Ulmus hollandica “Wredei '||Betula pendula “Golden Cloud '|
|Acer negundo “Odessanum '|
What should you choose? The bright golden crowns of decorative forms of catalpa, gleditsia and laburnum (golden rain) are extremely decorative, but not very stable in our climate, so let's turn to more familiar plants. The conical or slightly cupped crown of the elm (Ulmus hollandica “Wredei ') with soft light green spring foliage and later yellow foliage is the most attractive against the background of dark green maples or chestnuts. However, due to its compact crown and relatively low height, this elm shape can decorate the facade of the house or the entrance to the site. An interesting recently developed golden-leaved form of birch(Betula pendula “Golden Cloud ') is a short tree with smooth white bark and lemon yellow leaves throughout the season. An unusual birch tree is good in single and so-called. bouquet planting. Looks interesting in a group planting among ordinary birches, as well as in mixed group plantings. The advantage of this variety is that it is quite stable in the middle lane, characterized by slow growth and rather compact size, which allows it to be grown in small areas. Large areas can be decorated with yellow- leaved ash- leaved maple(Acer negundo “Odessanum '). An exceptionally elegant tree, the peak of its decorative effect occurs in late spring, early summer. It was during this period that young maple leaves are distinguished by a particularly bright golden-yellow color, which by the middle of summer acquires a greenish tint, becoming golden-light green. The plant also has its own zest: in partial shade, the color of the crown is brighter than in the open sun. In addition, the tree, although very unpretentious, grows and develops better in fresh, fertile soils.
|Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia'||Quercus rubra 'Aurea'|
For the southern regions of the Moscow Region, where it is noticeably warmer, in areas protected from cold winds, it is possible to grow robinia (Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia'). An openwork crown of free form, graceful sometimes very bizarrely curved branches, delicate foliage form a refined silhouette of a tree. The leaves, although not pronounced yellow, but very delicate light green, lemon-light green or light green-yellow color are brighter in the sun and less bright in shade. Robinia 'Frisia', as befits a white acacia, has fragrant, melliferous flowers collected in drooping brushes, which distinguishes it from a number of other yellow-leaved forms and varieties. For the south of the Moscow region, where the space of the site allows, red oak can be recommended(Quercus rubra 'Aurea'). The variety, in comparison with the natural species, is not too tall (no more than 15m) with a fairly wide crown, it is distinguished by a particularly bright color of the leaves from the end of May to almost the end of June, then the leaves turn slightly green. In the fall, the foliage turns bright orange to orange crimson, which makes the tree an unconditional autumnal dominant. It is especially decorative in a single planting, as it develops a beautiful wide crown on a low trunk, but it is quite appropriate in decorative wood compositions.
|Viburnum lantana 'Aureum'||Corylus avellana 'Aurea'|
|Cotinus coggygria 'Ancot'||Philadelphus coronarius 'Aureus'|
|Cornus alba 'Aurea'||Physocarpus opulifolius 'Luteus'|
|Berberis thunbergii 'Aurea'||Berberis thunbergii 'Bogozam'|
|Berberis thunbergii 'Maria'||Spiraea japonica 'Macrophylla'|
|Spiraea japonica 'Goldflame'||Spiraea japonica 'Golden Princess'|
The choice of yellow-leaved shrubs is especially diverse, among which you can pick up both tall and low-growing plants (even dwarf ones), both for single and group planting, and there are some of which you can plant a beautiful hedge. The foliage is brightly colored in golden forms of white turf (Cornus alba 'Aurea'), common hazel (Corylus avellana 'Aurea'), leather skumpia (Cotinus coggygria 'Ancot'), gordovina viburnum (Viburnum lantana 'Aureum'). In decorative groups, these plants always draw the attention of the observer. Greenish-yellow or slightly light green leaves of the crown mock-orange (Philadelphus coronarius 'Aureus'),bladderwort (Physocarpus opulifolius 'Luteus'), black elderberry and common elderberry(Sambucus nigra 'Aurea', Sambucus racemosa 'Aurea', Sambucus racemosa 'Plumosa Aurea'). Each form has its own characteristics. For example, in elderberry, leaves on young shoots are brighter, therefore, in order to maintain a pronounced golden hue, it is recommended to form bushes by cutting out old shoots and thereby stimulating the development of young ones. In shading, the leaves of the bladderwort and the mock-orange quickly turn light green, but both can be used to create hedges. Separately, it should be said about the Thunberg barberry, which has a whole range of colored decorative forms, including yellow-leaved ones. The most famous form is 'Aurea' (Berberis thunbergii 'Aurea') - a loose shrub up to 1m in height is attractive because it retains its color well even under shading conditions.Retains color in partial shade foliage dwarf form 'Bogozam', which makes it possible to use this shrub in shady gardens and rockeries. No less decorative variety 'Maria' (Berberis thunbergii 'Maria') with delicate golden foliage and pinkish-orange tips upward directed shoots, but this form is best grown in places with sufficient lighting. Japanese spirea is distinguished by a variety of yellow-leaved forms. Shrubs with a compact spherical crown of golden, lemon-yellow or golden to golden-orange foliage at the ends of the shoots. The main difference between the varieties is in the height of the bush and the shade of the foliage. According to the author, the most decorative are Spiraea japonica 'Goldflame' (height up to 0.6m), Spiraea japonica 'Macrophylla' (height up to 1.5m), Spiraea japonica 'Magic carpet' (height up to 0.5m). Less vivid color in varieties 'Golden Princess' and 'Goldmound'.
|Thuja occidentalis 'Aurescens'||Thuja occidentalis Golden Globe '|
|Thuja occidentalis 'Sankist'||Juniperus communis 'Depressa Aurea'|
|Juniperus horizontalis 'Mother Lode'||Juniperus sabina 'Arcadia'|
Conifers also have many golden forms: each breed has a golden or golden-tip variety. In the conditions of the middle belt, golden forms of western thuja (Thuja occidentalis 'Aurescens', Thuja occidentalis 'Europe Gold', 'Rheingold', 'Sankist', 'Golden Globe') and common juniper (Juniperus communis 'Depressa Aurea'), juniper Cossack (Juniperus sabina 'Arcadia'). The warm-loving varieties of horizontal juniper and medium juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Mother Lode', Juniperus x media 'Gold Star') tolerate winter cold well under a snow cover and whiter. Yellow-coniferous yew forms, so beloved by European gardeners, in the Moscow region can be damaged in winter. To prevent this plant, it is recommended to cover it in autumn with non-woven material or spruce branches.
|Origanum vulgare 'Aureum'||Alchemilla mollis 'Aurea'|
|Lysimachia nummularia 'Aurea'||Hosta 'Gold Standart'|
|Hosta'Paul's Glory ',||Hosta'Stained Glass'|
|Brunnera macrophylla 'Spring Yellow'||Heuchera 'Caramel'|
For consistent gardeners, it is recommended to decorate the garden with flower beds, which include yellow-leaved perennials. They will support the color gamut of oregano (Origanum vulgare 'Aureum'), yellow-leaved forms of the cuff (Alchemilla mollis 'Aurea') and loosestrife (Lysimachia nummularia 'Aurea'), as well as golden variegated and just golden-leaved host varieties (the most decorative Hosta ', Hosta'Paul's Glory', Hosta'Stained Glass'), especially now fashionable Bruners (Brunnera macrophylla 'Spring Yellow') and Heuchera 'Caramel', Heuchera 'Pistachio').
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