Standard Roses - A Spectacular Presentation Of Beauty

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Standard Roses - A Spectacular Presentation Of Beauty
Standard Roses - A Spectacular Presentation Of Beauty

Video: Standard Roses - A Spectacular Presentation Of Beauty

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Video: Rose splendour . Standard roses 2023, February
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Standard rose
Standard rose

Standard rose

A pupil of the Moscow noble boarding house, a graduate of Moscow University, a freemason elevated to the rank of Rosicrucian, Belikov Vianor Vasilievich once requested an audience with the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. It happened in 1835.

Hotness and enthusiasm of Belikov bribed Alexandra Fedorovna. And there was why. She was very fond of roses, and the young man raised the issues of arranging correct parks and greenhouses, transplanting and growing flowers.

The result of the meeting was the creation of the "Russian Society of Gardening Lovers". In the Studenets estate near Moscow (a noble estate in Krasnaya Presnya in Moscow), a "School of Gardening" was opened - as it was written in the Charter, "for the purpose of training experienced gardeners."

An authoritative source would later write about the School: “The School of Horticulture set up extensive flower nurseries and greenhouses on the estate in which plants for sale were grown. Students' standard roses more than fathoms in height were very famous”.

In fact, this entry is the first mention of standard roses in Russia.

Standard rose - what is it?

This is a technique of garden art, nothing more. Like bonsai, like nivaki, like any other technique for a spectacular presentation of a plant. A rose tree in the garden, be it low or tall, with a gorgeous crown of flowers, is invariably eye-catching and admirable. Three centuries ago, a royal gardener created a stem solely for the ladies in crinolines to express admiration without too straining in the sense of exercise. It happened at the beginning of the eighteenth century, the gardener was called Antoine Jacques, he was the chief gardener of the Royal Garden at the Château de Neuilly and became famous for Notes, where he daily described the weather, plants and work in the garden. After the gardener's death, the Notes were immediately bought and used as weather statistics and as a guide to growing roses.

Stamp roses
Stamp roses

Stamp roses

A rose stem is a specific variety of rose hips that has been grown for several years and forms a powerful stem without shoots. Its bottom grafting is a grafting of a root system capable of withstanding stress and cold. And the top graft is a cultivated rose, almost any - climbing, ground cover, hybrid tea, floribunda or scrub (see Park rose). Actually, these features explain the high cost of a standard rose. The number of grafts of a cultivated rose (crown) varies from two to five. One vaccination is marriage. When buying, you need to carefully examine the stem and count the working vaccinations.

Several years ago, with a certain degree of certainty, it could be argued that nurseries used the rose Dr. Huey (Dr. Huey Captain George c. Thomas USA, 1914) as rootstocks for boles.

It was recommended to use two rootstocks: "IXL" and "De la Grifferarie". The latter was preferred due to its strong, thick, brown trunk. Most likely, European bole nurseries are still using these rootstocks. Domestic nurseries grow the stock from the dog rose (R osa c anina) (see Dog rose). For boles, a two-year shoot is used, left by the only one from a growing rose hip bush.

Landing subtleties

Planting a standard rose with an open root system (ACS) is not very different from planting any other rose. Preparation begins with digging a planting hole and preparing a potting soil.

The soil mixture should consist in equal parts of the excavated soil, sand, peat and humus. A generous shovel of rotted horse manure, organic nitrogen fertilizer in accordance with the instructions, a couple of glasses of ash and 2-3 handfuls of superphosphate are added to the resulting mixture. Nitrogen organic fertilizer is a slaughterhouse waste: horn-hoofed meal, bone meal, blood meal.

  • The famous English breeder David Austin recommended adding mycorrhiza to the planting pit, sprinkling it on the roots of the rose. Mycorrhiza is a symbiosis (connection) of the mycelium of the fungus with the roots of the plant. It promotes the active absorption of water and minerals by the plant, primarily phosphorus compounds.
  • Plant with a bias

    Planting a standard rose is carried out so that the lower graft is flush with the ground or slightly lower. However, if the inoculation is slightly below ground level or slightly higher, it does not matter, since both the root and the trunk are a rose hip, although there are different types of rose hips. When planting, the stem leans towards the lower graft. In this case, the trunk does not break while compressing. Nearby, about 2.5 cm, a support is placed, to which the stem is attracted and tied in two places.

    In order not to throw money down the drain

    The process of adaptation and survival of the standard rose is not quick. To preserve the shoots and the upper grafting, during adaptation in the garden, sphagnum moss is placed inside the crown and moistened with a spray bottle. If the crown is wide, you can squeeze it slightly by pulling the shoots together and tie it with a rope. Then lutrasil / burlap / spunbond is put on the crown and tied in two places - above and below the crown.

    Shelter of the standard rose
    Shelter of the standard rose

    Shelter of the standard rose

    Covering the vaccination site with sphagnum
    Covering the vaccination site with sphagnum

    Covering the vaccination site with sphagnum

    The main task after planting is to regularly visit the bole and moisten the moss. As soon as the buds begin to grow, the lutrasil is removed and the moss is removed.

    Hibernate, so lying

    Jerry Olson with a silver medal member of the American Society rosarian and wrote a book about growing roses in a cold climate, says: "If you live at a temperature below -20 F (-29 to C), then, no matter how hot the summer, you live in what rose growers consider to be a cold climate. The cold climate means that the roses you choose require special attention."

    In other words, standard roses need shelter.

    Laying a standard rose in a container for the winter
    Laying a standard rose in a container for the winter

    Laying a standard rose in a container for the winter

    The easiest way is to cover standard roses that grow in containers. In this case, first you need to remove the support, dig a trench 15-20 cm deep, lay the bole with a container on its side and fill it with earth. The crown of the standard rose must be tightly tied with a synthetic rope and put on a lutrasil cap. Synthetic rope does not cause complications such as fungal infections and is therefore preferred. To create an air-dry shelter, the rose, like the entire rose garden, is covered with a double spanbond # 60 in arcs.

    Laying a standard rose for the winter
    Laying a standard rose for the winter

    Laying a standard rose for the winter

    A standard rose, planted immediately to a permanent place, takes cover in the same way. Only the stem is bent to the ground and fixed with brackets or wooden slingshots.

    All stems bend, however, not all are equally fast. For lignified boles, there is a simple technique: the bole is bent gradually, step by step, and each time it is fixed by tying it to a peg dug in from the side of the trench where the bole is laid.

    Of course, sometimes it is not as easy to lay a lignified stem as on paper. And even gradually laying down can be problematic, say, due to lack of time. In this case, the roots of the trunk from the side opposite to laying are undermined. Then the stem fits into the trench without any problems and is carefully covered with earth. Thoroughly is not a figure of speech, it means diligently, with all responsibility, because the roots dangling in the air will not like hibernating under your shelter.

    Important! If there are mice in your area, do not forget to spread poison in shelters with roses.

    Read also articles:

    Caring for standard roses

    • Protecting roses from pests and diseases
    • Pruning standard roses

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    "Special edition of the newspaper My favorite flowers: Roses in the garden and at home", Nizhny Novgorod

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