Table of contents:
- How to achieve nodding flowering
- The pot is 3 times smaller than the plant
- About pests
Video: Myths About The Whims Of The Uzambar Violets
Saintpaulia RS - The Eternal Wanderer
Many of my friends often say that "violets do not like them." That is, this flower does not grow in everyone, it is very capricious, requires careful care, and so on and so forth. In this article, I would like to talk about the basic (fairly simple) rules for keeping violets at home and thereby dispel some of the myths about the capriciousness of this beautiful plant.
How to achieve nodding flowering
In fact, absolutely anyone can grow a violet, even a child. I work as a teacher and have grown violets with children more than once. But, of course, like any plant, violets must be looked after.
We are all most interested in how to achieve a nodding flowering, exactly the same as we saw in beautiful photos on the Internet, at exhibitions. Most of the people who begin to deal with violets are absolutely sure that the whole point is in the magic fertilizer with which collectors of violets water their plants, and this secret is carefully hidden. This is another myth, there is no such fertilizer. For nodding flowering, various factors are needed in combination - light, soil, watering, temperature, fertilization - and in that order. Let's consider them in more detail.
Saintpaulia AB - Mexican Tushcan
For full bloom, violets need good diffused light, i.e. all windows are suitable for them, except for the southern one (most often the diffused light on such a window will not work, and the violets will stand with damaged leaves). For lush flowering, violets need at least 10 hours of daylight. And such daylight hours occur in spring and autumn, at this time the most beautiful flowering is obtained. That is why, at a certain stage, many violets acquire shelves in order to be able to independently adjust the length of daylight hours.
Saintpaulia RS - Elixir of Beauty
Absolutely any soil is suitable for violets, on which it is written "Universal" and the acidity of the soil is indicated with a pH of 5.5-6.5. The soil "Especially for violets" does not suit them at all. In such a soil, they will build up a leaf rosette for a very long time and will delight with 1-2 flowers, since it is very fat. But it is better to prepare the soil yourself. To do this, take a nutritious universal soil and add disintegrants to it - perlite, vermiculite, sphagnum moss. You can add everything together, you can add one of the components, for example, only perlite. Baking powder should be at least 30, and preferably 40% of the total amount of soil.
Saintpaulia AE- Egorka-Well done
Another myth is that violets need to be watered only in a tray. They can be watered from above and below, and by the wick method, and grown on microcapillary mats. A small clarification - you need to try not to get into the center of the outlet during watering (it can rot) and on the leaves (spots may remain).
How to water properly? How many times a week? Such questions are often asked at exhibitions. You won't be able to water the plants on schedule. Watering is necessary when the soil is almost completely dry. I used to check with my finger how many centimeters it was dry. Over time, I began to orient by the weight of the pot. Light pot - time to water. But it is important to remember that violets tolerate light overdrying more easily than waterlogging (roots begin to rot).
Saintpaulia Eternal May
On the Internet, information is often found that the ideal temperature for violets is from +18 o C to +25 o C. In practice, I can say that below +30 o C on my shelves does not happen. Well, I don't have an ideal temperature in my apartment, but at the same time I even manage to participate in exhibitions. Conclusion: The violet is so tenacious that even 30 on With them very suitable temperature.
Saintpaulia VaT - Veronica
Let me tell you a secret - you don't need to fertilize violets at all. They can be transplanted 1 time in 6 months into the nutrient soil and those fertilizers that are in the soil will be enough for them until the next transplant. But if we want just a beautiful nodding flowering, then the violet, of course, needs additional nutrition.
What to feed and when? Two very important questions. The question "what?" worries everyone without exception. And there is a catch. At different periods of growth, a violet requires different nutrition. If the violet is at the stage of a baby, a starter, then our task is first of all to let it grow leaves, and only then to wait for a beautiful flowering. You will not get a bouquet on a rosette of 5 leaves, the violet simply does not have enough strength to bloom. So, we feed the kids, starters with fertilizer with a high nitrogen content.
Any fertilizer has letters and numbers (if not, do not take such fertilizer): NPK is nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium. For children and starters, the value of the number at the N icon is important - nitrogen. This number should be higher than the other two icons. We dilute the fertilizer 2-3 times weaker than the concentration indicated on the label. We also water according to the instructions. An important point - you can not fertilize diseased plants and those that have recently (less than 3 weeks ago) transplanted (they have enough nutrients in the soil).
Now about the fertilizer for adult plants. In this case, the value of the figure at the P symbol should prevail - phosphorus. We also water according to the instructions.
Saintpaulia LE - Pauline Viardot
The pot is 3 times smaller than the plant
This is a very important point. Rooting violets (leaves) is best in 100-gram cups. This volume allows for faster root growth. If you take a container of a larger volume, then the soil can sour, the roots can rot, and the children will not appear at all. We also raise children in 100-gram cups until the diameter of the rosette is 3 times the diameter of the cup. This is the golden rule of violets - the diameter of the rosette is 3 times the size of the pot.
We transplant it into a pot, which is no more than 8-9 cm in diameter and again grow in such a pot until the socket becomes 3 times the slide in diameter. If it fits into these parameters, then we have found the ideal pot for this plant, and we no longer increase the pot.
Saintpaulia LE - Flower Fairy
What if the plant has hung leaves? Water barely if the soil is completely dry. After 2 hours, pour another drop, and only the next day, pour as usual. If everything is done, but the leaves have not restored turgor, then the plant needs to be urgently rerooted (the roots have already died).
Sooner or later, any violet begins to think (and this is the key word) that an ugly tick is eating its violets. Mass etching of both plants and their families begins. Yes, yes, no matter how the manufacturers of poisons assure us of the safety of the product, it is still a poison that poisons both plants and ourselves. And there is also a lot of information about preventive treatments for all kinds of pests. Do not believe this information! There is no pest prevention!
If there is a tick, mealybug, then one preventive treatment will not do anything with them, you need at least 3 treatments. That is, having sprinkled something 1 time, we simply accustom the pest to poison, then it is very difficult to poison it. And if there is no pest, then whom are we poisoning "for prevention"? The answer is obvious - yourself and your family.
So, what if we suspect a pest? To begin with, determine what kind of pest it is, and whether it is in reality. It is advisable to go to a respected violet forum on the Internet, there are experienced people, they will figure it out. And only then begin any processing.
But it is easier to prevent pests from entering the collection. To do this, we must etch all new plants that come to our house. These are 3 treatments for ticks (for example, Fitoverm) and at least 2 treatments for mealybugs (for example, Aktara). Etched and forgotten. Quarantine for new plants is useless, a tick, for example, may not show itself perfectly up to 6 months.
In one article, it is very difficult to mention all the nuances of growing violets, but I tried to tell you about the main ones, without drawing your attention to the most important and prerequisite condition - love for these beautiful flowers. Love your plants and they will definitely love you!
Saintpaulia Blue Mist
Saintpaulia Sunset Beach
“Special issue of the newspaper“My favorite flowers”No. 4, 2019 -“Indoor plants with beautiful leaves. Fashionable novelties, care tricks "(Nizhny Novgorod)
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They are not moody at allSaintpaulia is an unpretentious plant that does not require any special care. If you adhere to all of the following conditions of detention, then your violet is guaranteed to feel good and delight you with beautiful flowers
The violet has a rich and beautiful past. This modest adorable spring flower was loved in all European countries by kings, poets, and common people. In France, in the vicinity of Nice and in northern Italy near Parma, a fragrant Parma violet has been cultivated for a long time, which was used in perfumery to produce expensive perfumes