The Use Of Landscape Roses In Urban Landscaping

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The Use Of Landscape Roses In Urban Landscaping
The Use Of Landscape Roses In Urban Landscaping

Video: The Use Of Landscape Roses In Urban Landscaping

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Ed Holland, Growing Roses in Urban Landscapes 2023, February
Anonim

We all see how our cities and towns have become prettier over the past few years. The state allocates significant funds for landscaping and landscaping. Now every square meter of unpaved land, every tree or shrub is under close supervision of specialists. Our squares, streets and squares are decorated with emerald lawns and colorful flower beds of annual and perennial flowers, ornamental shrubs and trees

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But now we want to talk about landscape roses. Why exactly about them? Firstly, the beauty of blooming roses rarely leaves anyone indifferent, so they can play an important role in creating the architectural and artistic appearance of the city. Secondly, to date, breeders from different countries have already bred a sufficient number of varieties of various colors and undemanding care, which are specially designed for planting in urban settings.

Mainly, selection in this direction is carried out for the resistance of roses against leaf diseases, the ability to winter without shelter, the continuity and duration of flowering. Therefore, most often, roses from the ground cover group are used as landscape ones, both with creeping and compact bush shapes, as well as some roses from the floribunda group.

Inspired by the ideas of landscape designers and obeying modern trends, European rose-growing companies are successfully developing this theme. Roses intended for urban greening have undergone very strict tests in harsh climatic conditions for many years and only the most hardy of them are then selected for propagation and further sale.

Thus, the firm « Meilland » (France) in the range of more than ten varieties of roses with landscape hardiness to -30 ° C and more than 20 varieties hardiness to -40 ° C. A variety like Knock Out is capable of withstanding Siberian frosts without shelter! More than 65 thousand bushes have already been growing in Moscow since 2006! A 30 thousand bushes varieties Bonik (Bonica), also included in the list of the most frost-resistant varieties, for the past 5 years grow without shelter in Tomsk (called "Tomichka") and in Novosibirsk. Also, without winter shelter, roses of the Crimson Meillandecor variety (Crimson Meillandecor), renamed in 2005 to the Pobeda variety and growing in Moscow's Victory Park in the amount of 10 thousand bushes, do without winter shelter.

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Knock out

Bonica

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Crimson meillandecor

The assortment of the German company « Noack Rosen » make it landscape roses that excessively abundant flowers, and flowering continues without interruption

all summer, up to frost. This firm specializes in the creation of roses with very high resistance to leaf diseases. No wonder that half of the varieties she has bred have the German predicate ADR, which is assigned only to the most hardy and resistant varieties, so many of them are well suited for planting in places that are not optimal for growing roses.

Among the novelties of the selection of the House of Noack, varieties are presented:

Alea, wherein a very compact and dense shrubs well suited for narrow rabatok.

Resonanz - received for its excellent qualities, namely (resistance of leaves to diseases, vigor of growth and stability of flower color), in addition to the predicate ADR, one of the highest awards in Europe - the title of "Golden Rose of The Hague".

Sorrento, whose landings look great from afar.

Westzeit with a very interesting play of shades, from orange-apricot to pink.

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Alea

Resonanz

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Sorrento

Westzeit

I would like to mention breeding achievements rozovodcheskoy company « Rosen Tantau » (Germany), which has for many years developed a special program for the selection of a particularly stable, beautiful and trouble-free roses to decorate the open urban spaces.

The landscape designers of this company offer a new approach to the color scheme and the structure of the placement of plants used in urban landscaping. For these purposes, specially designed ground cover roses of the " City - flor " group are used, which are distinguished by their unpretentiousness, abundant flowering before frost and low maintenance costs. Their bushes branch well, grow quickly and close together, forming a continuous floral carpet, delighting with its splendor until late autumn. With an optimal planting pattern, dense and healthy foliage prevents the sun's rays from reaching the ground, creating an obstacle for weeds to grow. All varieties are highly resistant to black spot and powdery mildew andpractically do without chemical treatments. These roses hibernate without shelter, which is very important for growing in central Russia, lunges are excluded in the plantings. Winter protection is needed only when there are severe frosts without snow. Then it is desirable to cover with spruce branches, which prevents winter drying of plants. Roses from the City-flor group are able to revolutionize the range of flowering plants suitable for urban landscaping, because they are attractive, strong, maintenance-free and ground-blooming roses for planting in parks against the backdrop of lawns, arrays in squares, in curbs along streets in a word, wherever traffic is close and there are many pedestrians.

These roses are inexpensive. They are planted for a period of 6-10 years, their densely branched bushes remain compact at the same time and do not require regular annual pruning and shaping in comparison, for example, with a lawn, which must be mowed frequently. Only once every 5-6 years is a radical pruning of overgrown bushes carried out. Watering roses is carried out, although in a larger volume, but much less often than watering lawns and flower beds from annuals. This eliminates the need for frequent use of watering equipment.

The cost of planting material in the first year exceeds the same indicator for annuals by only 30%. But, if we take into account that annuals have to be purchased annually, and roses once every 6-10 years, then even multiplying the figure by 6, we will get 4 times savings on planting material! So, with an average cost of annual seedlings - 12 rubles and a planting rate of 40 pcs. per square meter, the total cost is 480 rubles, and multiplying by 6 years, we get the amount of 2880 rubles. And when planting ground cover roses, the need for 1 sq.m. averages 4 plants, with a wholesale price of 180 rubles. costs for 1 sq.m. are 720 rubles. Compare RUB 2880 and RUB 720! Prices, of course, are approximate, somewhere they are more, somewhere less. And, if the calculation includes the cost of bulbous flowers preceding annuals,then the picture of low-cost ground cover roses in comparison with annuals and bulbs becomes even brighter.

In addition, unlike annuals, the wilted flowers of ground cover roses do not need to be collected, because most varieties are capable of self-cleaning, among them there are many varieties with a very pleasant aroma, which positively affects the emotions of the townspeople.

For urban landscaping, both own-rooted and grafted ground cover roses can be used. Own-rooted roses have a compact root system, they are content with a small volume of soil for root growth and do not require deep holes for planting. Another plus is that such roses do not have the problem of removing wild growth. There is only one minus - self-rooted roses reach full decorativeness in the second year after planting and no longer lose it for many years. When using grafted roses, which develop much faster, plantings look presentable already in the first season. Thus, ground cover roses are suitable for urban landscaping in all respects.

The garden company "Podvorie" is the exclusive representative of the company "Rosen Tantau" in Russia for garden roses. Thanks to close and fruitful cooperation, wonderful roses of the Rosen Tantau firm adorn kindergartens, parks and schools in Moscow, monasteries, many and many garden plots and country houses of residents of Russia. Our clients are also municipal organizations of various cities involved in the greening of city streets, squares and squares.

We present only a few varieties of Rosen Tantau ground cover roses to clearly show their beauty and undeniable advantage over annuals. Most of the roses on display have the ADR predicate, which is assigned to the strongest and most decorative varieties, and many of them have received gold and silver medals and other awards at various exhibitions.

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Alpengl ü hen

Aspirin - Rose

Alpenglyuen (Alpengl ü hen), 2003

This rose is characterized by a particularly flat and even bush habit, strong growth and 100% area coverage due to long shoots. The height of the bushes is 30-40 cm, and they grow 80 cm in width. Plantations of Alpengluen roses are absolutely free from damage by fungal diseases and, thanks to these qualities, are recommended for planting in places that are problematic for growing roses. Remarkable are the numerous, bright red flowers with a diameter of 3-4 cm, which stay on the bush for a very long time. In this case, the glowing red tone does not change when it fades. Rose varieties Alpenglyuenare best suited for landings along motorways, where there is a lot of pedestrians and other places, because they are completely hassle-free and require extremely low maintenance costs. The need for plants: only 2-3 per 1 sq.m.

Aspirin-Rose (Aspirin - Rose), 1997

Large, double flowers in lush, umbrella-shaped inflorescences cover the luxurious, bright green foliage. A bush with strong, dense shoots, which allows it to cover the soil well in the second year after planting. The result is attractive areas - light, radiant and invigorating. Looks perfect against a background of dark foliage. The clear whiteness of the flowers changes to a romantic pink in cool weather. Due to its luxurious flowers and their friendly fresh appearance, Aspirin-Rose looks especially beautiful when planted along footpaths, as well as in large containers (if they are at least 35 cm high and shelter from frost for the winter). This is a reliable variety in all respects. Bush height: 50-80 cm, flowers 5 cm in diameter.

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Aspirin-Rose and Alpengluen roses planted at the All-Russian Exhibition Center near the Central Pavilion

Sentro Rose (Centro - Rose), 2000

Especially suitable for places where there are many pedestrians, because dense, compact, abundantly flowering plants create a good optical impression in the massif. Blooms continuously, very good soil coverage, suppressing annoying weed growth. Well suited for heavy soils. Sentro Rose plantations look especially beautiful against the background of white herbaceous perennials or in large containers. The height of the bush is 50-60 cm, the flowers are semi-double, with a diameter of 5 cm.

Mirat (Mirato), 1990

The best variety in the group of low-bush roses. Mirato grows rapidly, forming dense areas and guarantees a colorful sight for many months with bright pink, semi-double flowers that appear in large umbellate inflorescences and contrast with the lush green foliage. This groundcover rose has received numerous awards for its frost resistance and very good disease resistance. To this can be added good growth qualities and a long flowering period, that is, those criteria that allow it to be used for landscaping open urban spaces and frequently visited places. Mirato is one of the most reliable and oldest varieties in the Tantau range of ground cover roses, which is very popular throughout the world. Bush height: 50-60 cm, flowers 5 cm in diameter, light aroma.

Satina (Satina), 1992

The breeders were able to achieve a particularly uniform, delicate pink hue coming from the inside of the flower. They also ensured that this variety eliminates powdery mildew disease in late summer. Satin grows compactly and densely, resulting in medium-height floral carpets. At the same time, it remains resistant to rain, does not reach either yellowing or burnout of flowers in strong sunlight. This rose has a harmonious, lush flowering and pleasant aroma. It is not only suitable for planting in pedestrian areas, but also grows without problems in containers (pots, tubs, etc.). It is one of the strongest and finest varieties. In terms of flowering, growth and health, it is the ideal rose for urban landscaping. Bush height 50 cm, width 70 cm, double flowers, 3-5 cm in diameter.

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Centro - Rose

Mirato

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Satina

Shneekonigin (Schneek ö nigin), 1992

This rose is best suited for medium to large plantations in combination with herbaceous perennials. It is ideal for outdoor use. Very lush blooms and arched shoots guarantee good ground coverage. Semi-double, bright white flowers with a yellow center and good aroma. First of all, Schneekenigin makes an impression with an extensive planting in green street plantings. Bush height 60 cm, flowers 4 cm in diameter.

Sweet Haze (Sweet Haze), 2003

The variety is characterized by incredibly abundant flowering and good growth qualities. Pink flowers cover the whole plant, and the play of shades between young and older flowers is very attractive. Even the crumbling petals perfectly decorate the soil around the bush. The contrast between the delicate color of the petals and the dark stamens is a special decoration. A very pleasant rosehip aroma hovers over the Sweet Hayes plantings. Plants of this variety are distinguished by completely healthy leaves, as well as good ground cover properties. Ideal for landscaping large areas or for planting ornamental plants in combination with blue-flowering herbaceous perennials or groundcover with silvery foliage. Sweet Hayes Landing recommended for representative places where you need to show something special, where plant lunge is unacceptable. This rose should be planted in front of portals of beautiful buildings or in central, well-visible places. Bush height 70 cm, width 80, flowers are simple, 3-5 cm in diameter.

White Haze (White Haze)

Plants of this variety show the character of spray roses in the second year after planting in a permanent place. Radiant white flowers, very large for this group, glow unusually and, depending on the weather, may have red stripes on the outer petals. The flowers show gorgeous yellow stamens and are reminiscent of cistus flowers from the Mediterranean region. The special power of light emission is accentuated by the dark green, highly shiny leaves, similar to those of holly leaves. White Hays plants look great in a bed with herbaceous perennials or as taller plants in low-bush plantings such as Satina. The height of the bush is 60-120 cm, flowers are simple, 6-7 cm in diameter, the aroma is good.

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Schneek ö nigin

Sweet haze

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White haze

Next, we will focus on two varieties of rugosa rose, which combine excellent stability and naturalness. These varieties are suitable, in particular, for planting in areas with dry sandy soil and high salt content and can be used for landscaping streets and anchoring slopes. These roses give root suckers and completely cover the planting area within three years. They have remarkable fruits (rose hips) and a pleasant aroma of flowers. Regular pruning is recommended for good coverage and lush flowering.

Tetracorals Foxy Rose (Rosa rugosa Foxi)

Foxy flowers appear early and in abundance. In autumn, the fruits are very beautiful. But, before their time comes, the Foxy rose has time to please with a violet-pink color of flowers and an intense aroma. Bush height: 60 cm, semi-double flowers, 6 cm in diameter.

Rosa rugosa Schnee-Oile = Snowy Owl (Rosa rugosa Schnee - Eule)

The name of the variety speaks for itself - absolutely white flowers with a loose addition, like snow-white feathers. Added to this is the wonderful scent of wild roses. Bush height: 70 cm, semi-double flowers, 6-7 cm in diameter.

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Foxi

Schnee - Eule

Gardening company "Podvorie" carries out wholesale and retail trade of rose seedlings for urban landscaping with open and closed root systems, as well as flowering roses in containers. We bring to your attention a large selection of roses according to the habit of the bush, according to the color scheme and the shape of the flowers. The assortment includes about 60 varieties of landscape roses, which have successfully passed numerous tests in harsh conditions and have been decorating the streets and squares of many Russian cities for several years

Based on materials from the presentation

at the exhibition "Flowers-2008"

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