Castles Of Moravia (Valtice Lednice)

Castles Of Moravia (Valtice Lednice)
Castles Of Moravia (Valtice Lednice)

Video: Castles Of Moravia (Valtice Lednice)

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: LEDNICE AND VALTICE |MORAVIA TREASURES 2023, February
Anonim

There is a wonderful corner in the Czech Republic - South Moravia. As a rule, Russian tourists are shown the castles of Bohemia and those that are not far from Prague. Meanwhile, this corner is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Valtice
Valtice

Valtice

Valtice

B XVII-XX centuries. the ruling dukes of Liechtenstein have transformed their holdings in southern Moravia into a stunning landscape. It combines baroque architecture, classical and neo-gothic styles and a romantic English landscape. It is one of the largest man-made landscapes in Europe, covering an area of ​​over 200 square kilometers. The degree of cultivation of the territory varies from its complete absence to a polished regular park in the French style.

The unique parks Valtice and Lednice are located among the limestone hills covered with forests and whimsically flowing rivers with picturesque banks. Actually Valtice (in Germany it is also known as Feldsberg) is a small pretty town that lives on tourism and winemaking. In the central part there is a castle, but not in the way we are used to - with a high wall, crenellated towers and dark dungeons, but a beautiful palace with a marvelous park.

The palace was built on the site of the Liechtenstein family castle, which has been known since the 13th century. Initially, the project of the palace complex was designed by the Italian architect Giovanni Giacomo Tencalla. Then, at the beginning of the 18th century, the project was changed due to the fact that the baroque style came into fashion throughout Europe, and another architect, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, was already doing this. The Liechtenstein princely family spent nearly three centuries building this vast Baroque estate.

The princely family of Liechtenstein lost all their privileges with the collapse of the Habsburg Empire that patronized it and the emergence of Czechoslovakia in 1918, and after World War II in 1945, the palace, like all the property of the Liechtenstein family in Czechoslovakia, was confiscated by the state. And then I was never in private property.

The entrance to the palace is decorated with plantings of neatly trimmed boxwood and well-groomed topiary, framing the fountain.

Valtice. Pharmaceutical garden
Valtice. Pharmaceutical garden

Valtice. Pharmaceutical garden

Valtice. Pharmaceutical garden

Many halls and premises of the palace have been restored and delight with pompous lush wall decorations, which, in fact. and sets the baroque apart from other styles. The Hall of Mirrors, the Art Gallery, the Palace Chapel and the small salon of Princess Karla look especially impressive. Many rooms are decorated with frescoed ceilings. A separate attraction of the palace is the wine cellar, where the Moravian wine festival is held annually. But the rest of the time you can visit the world-famous wine vaults (cellars) of Valtice Castle and taste the excellent Moravian wine, especially the local white wines.

The palace is surrounded by an English park with the Temple of Diana (1812), which resembles a Roman arch, a powerful Corinthian-style colonnade (1832) and other buildings in the classicism style.

A very interesting corner is the pharmaceutical garden. Traditionally, each palace had its own source of medicines, and Valtice is no exception. But in historical cataclysms, the garden was abandoned and the place intended for it for many years looked more like a dump. But thanks to the efforts of students and teachers of the Faculty of Horticulture, the pharmaceutical garden got a second life. And now it is a well-groomed exhibition that includes all the main local and greenhouse species of medicinal and aromatic plants. Just remember that it is open to visitors from May to September inclusive. At other times you have to look over the fence.

Valtice. Three Graces
Valtice. Three Graces

Valtice. Three Graces

Valtice. Three Graces

This palace was built as a place of comfortable living. It is surrounded by small hunting castles that were used for stopping and resting while hunting. Naturally, the most picturesque places were chosen for this. The castle of Tri Graces was named for the sculpture with the three graces standing in front of it and was built in 1820, it contains statues of the above-mentioned graces, as well as allegorical sculptures dedicated to sciences and muses. Now it is private property. But this does not prevent tourists from walking and taking pictures in this marvelous corner.

The border castle was located on the border between Moravia and Austria. Now there is a wonderful restaurant where you can sit comfortably, admire the lake and taste the famous Czech beer and wonderful Moravian wines.

So from one castle to another you can get to Lednice, where the second marvelous man-made park is located.

Lednice
Lednice

Lednice

Lednice

Valtice is connected with the neighboring Lednice manor house by a 7 km long lime tree alley, which is a pleasure to walk along in good weather. In general, this area is a paradise for walkers and cyclists. Lednice is a village where the palace of the princes of Liechtenstein is located. The first mention of the settlement dates back to 1212. According to the 2005 census, the population of Lednice is only 2328 people. But in the summer, this resort town comes alive and teeming with tourists who have come for health and cultural growth. In addition, there are a lot of young people - the Faculty of Horticulture of the Brno University of Forest is located here. Accordingly, as a necessary attribute of the educational process - greenhouses, fields, gardens.

Since Lednice was the first to pass into the hands of the princely house of Liechtenstein (this happened in the 13th century), its further history was inextricably linked with the development and enrichment of this family. In the 17th century, a summer residence of the ruling princes of Liechtenstein appeared there. The palace was designed and built by architects Johann Bernard Fischer von Erlach, Domenico Martinelli, and Anton Johan Ospel in the Baroque style.

Greenhouse
Greenhouse

Greenhouse

Lednice. Greenhouse

In 1846-1858 it was rebuilt in the neo-Gothic style under the direction of the architect Georg Wingelmüller. The palace ensemble includes the palace itself, a chapel - a Catholic church, stables, a greenhouse, and cellars. The chapel is made in an elegant Gothic style. Concerts are held there on holidays. The greenhouse is a place to relax. This is not a scientific botanical collection, but a wonderful corner with flowering strelitzia, colorful hibiscus, papotniks, cycads and a pond with fish. There are benches in secluded corners.

This entire ensemble is harmoniously set off by the corresponding landscape gardening creations. The biggest challenge is to photograph the entire palace. As the locals said, it is constantly being restored and therefore one wing, then the other, ends up in the forests.

A regular French park with all the necessary details is laid out in front of the palace. Straight paths are framed by conscientiously trimmed boxwoods and yews with flirty red fruits. Parterre with lawn, geometric flower beds and palms in tubs. In addition to traditional begonias, variegated oregano and lavender can be found in flower beds. In the shady avenues of yew, marble statues froze.

Lednice. English park
Lednice. English park

Lednice. English park

Lednice. English park

Behind the palace, an English park was laid out with intricate winding paths, picturesque groups of trees, canals and ponds, through which you can sail by boat, admiring the views. Several structures by Joseph Hardmouth are located in the park, including the artificial ruins of a medieval castle (1801) on the banks of the Dyje River and a single 60-meter minaret. But first things first.

In the English park surrounding the castle, there are trees of many species, in particular, along with old oaks, there are ginkgo, pseudo-sugie, black walnut, butcher's and other species familiar to Central Europe. The landscapes are extremely picturesque. Weathered stones in combination with moss and bizarre trees look very impressive. The park is very beautiful in autumn, when each species acquires its characteristic color and the park seems to glow from the inside. And all this splendor is reflected in the water surface. The meadows at this time are covered with blooming crocuses.

Lednice. Minaret
Lednice. Minaret

Lednice. Minaret

Lednice. Minaret

The area of ​​the park is huge, but all the lawns are carefully trimmed, dry branches were cut. And most of all I was shocked that in the absence of protection, the attitude to nature is very careful. At least, there were no attempts to drive into a secluded corner in an SUV and fry a barbecue. All walked in a dignified manner along the paths. And in the absence of urns, not a single piece of paper, bottle or can was lying around.

One of the most unusual sights is the Minaret, built in the Moorish style of 1804. There is a legend about the construction of this building. Alois Lichtenstein originally intended to build a church, but the city did not provide land for it. In retaliation, he built this symbol of the Islamic faith. Today it is a watchtower and one of the tallest structures in non-Islamic countries.

In the park, you can also see Janův hrad, a hunting lodge. It was supposed to look like a medieval ruin, which is how it was designed. Now there is one of the museums.

In general, describing all this splendor is not the most rewarding occupation, and it is better to see it all once than try to present it from hearsay. Moreover, even with an excursion trip to Prague, you can escape to this wonderful corner by train for one day - the main thing is that the weather does not disappoint.

Photo by the author

Popular by topic