Winter And Summer In Sanssouci

Winter And Summer In Sanssouci
Winter And Summer In Sanssouci

Video: Winter And Summer In Sanssouci

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Video: Sanssouci Park 2023, January
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Everyone who is in the slightest degree interested in gardening art is probably familiar with this palace and park ensemble in Potsdam. Translated from French, its name means "no worries." In 1745-1747, by order of the Prussian king Frederick the Great, the architect Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff was entrusted with the construction of a small country palace in the rococo style. And in 1840-1842, already by order of Friedrich Wilhelm IV, two wings were attached to it along the edges. Since 1990, Sanssouci has been included in the list of world cultural heritage sites and is under the protection of UNESCO. This is substantiated as follows: “The palace and park, often called the Prussian Versailles, are a synthesis of the main styles of cities and courtyards in Europe in the 18th century. The ensemble is an outstanding example of architecture and landscape art, conveying the spirit of the monarchist state."

View of the palace in spring
View of the palace in spring

View of the palace in spring

Figs and grapes in spring
Figs and grapes in spring

Figs and grapes in spring

The grand view of the palace, which is the hallmark of Sanssouci, was "born" thanks to Frederick the Great's quivering love for grapes. The vineyard is located on the southern slope of the Bornstedt Hills. Once upon a time oaks grew there, which were used for the construction of the city of Potsdam, and in 1744 6 terraces appeared on the bare hills. This made it possible to maximize the use of solar heat and collect on the slopes a whole collection of grape varieties from Portugal, Italy, France. And figs settled in the glazed niches. The terraces are planted with a lawn separated by grapevines on chains. Never before in the history of landscape construction has the vineyard been used as the compositional center of the front part of the palace ensemble. The Prussian kings were generally practical people, so initially there was also a vegetable garden nearby, which was given no less importance than flowers.Beautiful wonderful, but you always want to eat. Even now, fruit trees are planted on the lawns inside the green hedges.

Grape hill in spring
Grape hill in spring

Grape hill in spring

Grapes on chains
Grapes on chains

Grapes on chains

The top of the vine hill is crowned with a small palace, which, due to the terraced perspective, seems to be located very far on the mountain, and the mountain itself looks even higher. Initially, Frederick II planned a small ceremonial palace, and of all the architect's proposals, he approved a quiet secluded rococo nest, where one could devote oneself to playing the flute and other "arts" in a circle of especially close persons, and the comfort of living was absolutely in harmony with nature. There were not even rooms for his wife, whom he preferred to settle further away, in one of the palaces in Berlin.

View from the vine hill
View from the vine hill

View from the vine hill

To get to the palace, you need to overcome more than a hundred steps. On the sides are planted yews, sheared in the form of pyramids. They liven up the landscape well even in winter. The Sanssouci Palace was a place of residence and recreation, to solve state problems there was the city palace in Potsdam, built in 1662-1669 by Friedrich Wilhelm and destroyed in 1945, and the Berlin residence of Charlottenburg. Over the years, the modesty and tight-fistedness of Frederick II progressed to greed, and gold and silver in the palace were combined with torn curtains and dilapidated interiors. In recent years, he lived according to the principle "enough for my life."

Under the hill, in the parterre, at the time of Frederick, there was at first an ornamental garden. But then it was replaced by a fountain, which did not work right away, Friedrich's engineers were not up to par. However, for the last 100 years the fountain has been working properly. The bowl of the fountain is surrounded by marble statues of Venus, Mercury, Apollo, Diana, Juno, Jupiter, Mars and Minerva - in general, the whole set of Roman gods, as well as images of the four elements: fire, water, air and earth. Currently, there are now undergoing renovation work and everything has been dug up, which makes it somewhat difficult to choose the right angle for photography. But, as they say, everything will pass, and the repair will also end.

The idyllic village picture is completed by a windmill that has stood since 1736 and was here even before the construction of the palace began. Currently, it performs a purely decorative function, enlivening the landscape with its wings.

There is an art gallery next to the grape hill. This building was built during the time of Frederick the Great and until now serves its intended purpose, although the collection collected at that time was damaged during the Second World War. The building itself symbolizes its purpose with every brick: both the dome, and the openings between the windows, decorated with allegorical sculptural images of arts and science, and its some elevation and airiness, a kind of unearthly state. Around the art gallery are paths lined with hedges and marble benches, where, again, creative thoughts can visit.

Picture gallery
Picture gallery

Picture gallery

Marble benches among the busts of philosophers
Marble benches among the busts of philosophers

Marble benches among the busts of philosophers

After the death of Frederick II, a new stage began in the life of the palace ensemble. Frederick Wilhelm II, who followed him to the throne, settled for some time in the renovated rooms of the old palace, while the construction of the Marble Palace in the New Garden lasted. Classicism reigned in architecture, which was reflected in the appearance of the Marble Palace, and desolation reigned in the old palace after the resettlement of the new owner. Further, each of the royal owners added something of their own, until in 1873, after the death of the widow of Frederick William IV, Elizabeth Louis, the palace and park ensemble became a museum.

Spring flower bed with hazel grouse
Spring flower bed with hazel grouse

Spring flower bed with hazel grouse

Alley from the art gallery in spring
Alley from the art gallery in spring

Alley from the art gallery in spring

The former owners found eternal rest in Friedenskirche, a Lutheran church located in Marley Garden, near the main entrance.

View of the greenhouse
View of the greenhouse

View of the greenhouse

Wisterias by Marley's Garden
Wisterias by Marley's Garden

Wisterias by Marley's Garden

Sanssouci Park is huge. Just like architectural buildings, it was created for many decades. One gets the impression that another piece of territory has been cut to each grandiose building of the next crowned owner. Perhaps, from the point of view of architects, a seditious thought will sound, but I got the impression of a collection of several parks, which were decorated in different styles around the next building. At least the park near the Sanssouci Palace and the park around the New Palace are not very similar.

In the greenhouse in winter
In the greenhouse in winter

In the greenhouse in winter

In the greenhouse in winter
In the greenhouse in winter

In the greenhouse in winter

On Klausberg Mountain there is the Orangery Palace, or, as it is also called, the New Orangery (the old one was located on the site of an art gallery). Built in the middle of the 19th century in the Italian Renaissance style, it has been successfully restored over the past two years. In the halls of the palace, tubs with laurels, citruses and myrtle from the Sanssouci Park spend the winter. There is a flower garden around the greenhouse, and a wonderful view of the park opens up from the hill.

View of the park from the greenhouse
View of the park from the greenhouse

View of the park from the greenhouse

Greenhouse in spring
Greenhouse in spring

Greenhouse in spring

Flower beds in winter
Flower beds in winter

Flower beds in winter

Just beautiful
Just beautiful

Just beautiful

Mainsail under restoration
Mainsail under restoration

Mainsail under restoration

A separate ode deserves the Chinese tea house, which is located on the border with the Goat Park and is surrounded by green trees. It is one of the most beautiful of its kind in Europe. Inside the house is a collection of Chinese and Japanese porcelain. Initially, fruit trees were planted next to it: apricots, plums, apple trees and pears.

In addition to large buildings, many smaller structures are scattered in the park, such as the Temple of Friendship - a small round pavilion in the western part, not far from the New Palace, and the Ancient Temple that resembles it nearby, as well as the Portal, Obelisk, and the grotto of Neptune.

The park is amazingly beautiful in any weather - in winter and summer, in spring and autumn. And each time in its own way - with a different color of the flower bed, foliage or in the decoration of the snow. This is the case when nature really does not have bad weather.

Photo by the author

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