Rock Garden In The Vienna Belvedere

Rock Garden In The Vienna Belvedere
Rock Garden In The Vienna Belvedere

Video: Rock Garden In The Vienna Belvedere

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Video: Belvedere Gardens in Vienna 2023, January
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Belvedere in Vienna
Belvedere in Vienna

Belvedere in Vienna

When visiting Vienna's park and Belvedere museums, most tourists pass by this fabulous corner. To be honest, I also discovered it quite by accident, wandering around the park, waiting for the opening of the museum. But when I got there, I immediately forgot about Klimt with the company and other masterpieces of painting.

On an area of ​​only 25 (!) Acres, about 4000 species of plants have been collected - you must agree, it's impressive. Imagine a medium-sized plot in a cottage village near Moscow and such a collection!

Entrance to the Belvedere rock garden in Vienna
Entrance to the Belvedere rock garden in Vienna

Entrance to the Belvedere rock garden in Vienna

This is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, of the alpiarii in Europe. Its history goes back 200 years. It all started with the fact that the Erz-Duke Johann, brother of the Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz I, loved to travel with the brothers Rainer and Anton in the Austrian Alps and bring from there the plants he liked, among which were rare gentian, saxifrage and edelweiss. They were planted in the western part of the Schönbrunn palace park. Within a short time, this rock garden consisted of more than 100 species. The then caretaker of the palace park, Heinrich Schott, expanded and enlarged the collection.

In 1793, the botanist and curator of the collection Nikolaus Thomas Host received from Emperor Franz I the task of creating in the Belvedere, one of the palaces, a collection of plants from all regions of Austria. The emperor's task is law, and it was completed, and Khost became the guardian of this green collection. Until 1930, this corner existed under the name of the Hosta Garden, until it was transferred to the jurisdiction of the University of Vienna. In 1835 he began experiments in the cultivation of alpine plants.

Entrance to the Belvedere Rock Garden in Vienna
Entrance to the Belvedere Rock Garden in Vienna

Entrance to the Belvedere Rock Garden in Vienna

In 1865, after the death of Heinrich Schot, the collection he had collected over the years was transferred from Schönbrunn to the Belvedere. Therefore, the need arose for a serious reconstruction of the garden in the Belvedere.

Under the leadership of the court gardener Franz Mali, numerous slides and slopes for mountain plants were built, multiple expeditions to the mountains were organized to replenish and expand the collection. Greenhouses have been built for overwintering heat-loving plants.

After the death of F. Mali, interest in the garden faded, and by the end of World War I, only about 500 species remained there. The rock garden was closed to the public. In 1926 it was reconstructed and rebuilt, and in 1936 it was reopened to the public. But this prosperity lasted only until World War II, when it fell into desolation, and at the end of the war it also suffered greatly. But thanks to the efforts of the chief gardener Adolph Munsch, in 1949 the rock garden opened its doors to visitors again.

Entrance to the Belvedere Rock Garden in Vienna
Entrance to the Belvedere Rock Garden in Vienna

Entrance to the Belvedere Rock Garden in Vienna

Now, as already mentioned, the collection contains more than 4000 species from all over the world, and this is a full-fledged scientific collection. Today the rock garden exchanges seeds with more than 400 botanical gardens and scientific institutes. Annually, the rock garden receives more than 2000 seed samples from all over the world. In turn, the rock garden sends about 3000 samples to other institutions. As with most of these establishments, the main goal of the garden is to preserve rare and endangered species, reproduce them and return to nature.

Today's visitors are Vienna residents, tourists and, of course, professionals. Currently, the entrance is paid, it costs 4 euros. But believe me, even if you are not a botanist, but just love plants, you will have tremendous pleasure.

Narrow paths winding among the man-made hills, periodically climbing to the top. The density of the plant population is enormous - the labels simply crowd each other. At the same time, all plantings are well-groomed, dry and faded shoots and twigs are cut, weeds are propolon. And a large number of workers are not observed.

Faroese cuff (Alchemilla faeroensis)
Faroese cuff (Alchemilla faeroensis)

Faroese cuff (Alchemilla faeroensis)

Green-yellow cuff (Alchemilla xanthochlora)
Green-yellow cuff (Alchemilla xanthochlora)

Green-yellow cuff (Alchemilla xanthochlora)

Some genera are especially widely represented in the collection. For example, traveling along the tracks, I was surprised at the variety of cuffs, although I could not identify significant differences between some of them. The rock garden has a large collection of gentians, but I saw only two species blooming. On the dry southern slopes of the hills, there are a lot of sedum, berry and thyme, which are scattered throughout the garden. A large collection of gorse and cinquefoil.

Bergenia purpurascens
Bergenia purpurascens

Bergenia purpurascens

Forest gorse
Forest gorse

Forest gorse

Judging by the labels, there should be a wonderful collection of irises, but unfortunately, the botanical gardens, unlike the museum, although they have a more or less permanent exhibition, show different exhibits in different seasons. It’s the same as constantly pulling something out of the storerooms in a museum and hiding something. Here the sequence of the demonstration of the exhibits is dictated by Mrs. Nature. In general, all the irises have not only faded, but also bear fruit. The same can be said about the collection of edelweiss, which is very extensive there, primroses with lumbago and hellebores. I would like to come here in the spring.

Mahonia nervosa
Mahonia nervosa

Mahonia nervosa

Lychnis chalcedony
Lychnis chalcedony

Lychnis chalcedony

But on the other hand, lychnis, shirokokolokolchik, black cohosh, echinacea, coreopsis, euphorbia bloomed absolutely charmingly. All this variety is combined with pines, junipers and creeping spruce trees. Moreover, not only wild forms are collected here, but also a variety of cultivars. The shady corners are decorated with clematis, mountain goats, rogers, mahonia, "Cоnglomerata" ivy shaped like a tree.

Norway spruce Pendula
Norway spruce Pendula

Norway spruce Pendula

Canadian Hemlock Horstmann
Canadian Hemlock Horstmann

Canadian Hemlock Horstmann

Walking along the paths and climbing the steps, you can find many interesting ideas for creating your own rock garden. But you should still remember that the climate of Austria is much milder and not all plants seen can grow in our country.

An absolutely marvelous collection of bosai is located in the southern part of the rock garden. This part is fenced off from the city by an old brick wall, which remained from a windmill of the early 19th century. Small trees are picturesquely placed against its background.

Bonsai collection
Bonsai collection

Bonsai collection

Bentamia japonica
Bentamia japonica

Bentamia japonica

Pinus pentaphylla
Pinus pentaphylla

Pinus pentaphylla

Image
Image
Ginkgo biloba bonsai
Ginkgo biloba bonsai

Ginkgo biloba bonsai

There are examples that mark the centenary. The oldest baby is 180 years old. The collection was donated by the Japanese Bonsai Society as a token of friendship. In total, the collection contains more than a hundred copies, which are kept in a special greenhouse.

The most interesting specimens are on display. The trees are beautifully arranged on special elevations and prudently fastened with a metal cable with locks to the pedestal so that some rarity, God forbid, is not dragged away. It looks very touching. The species composition of bonsai is also very diverse: pines, maples, even gingos.

Small ponds are scattered throughout the garden, in which, along with aquatic ornamental plants, there are representatives of the wild flora.

You can find benches in secluded corners, but there are practically no shady places there. Therefore, it is rather difficult to wander for a long time on a hot day.

Belvedere Rock Garden In Vienna
Belvedere Rock Garden In Vienna

Belvedere Rock Garden In Vienna

Belvedere rock garden in Vienna
Belvedere rock garden in Vienna

Belvedere rock garden in Vienna

Greenhouses are visible through the grate, in which plants are propagated and bonsai are preserved. Everything is very compact, neat and rational. But in general, the rock garden leaves a tenderly enthusiastic impression.

Belvedere rock garden in Vienna
Belvedere rock garden in Vienna

Belvedere rock garden in Vienna

Belvedere Rock Garden In Vienna
Belvedere Rock Garden In Vienna

Belvedere Rock Garden In Vienna

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