Medicinal Plants For Small Gardens, Balconies And Patios

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Medicinal Plants For Small Gardens, Balconies And Patios
Medicinal Plants For Small Gardens, Balconies And Patios

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Unfortunately, in most cases, medicinal plants are more associated with shelves in pharmacies than with flower beds, mixborders and containers. Meanwhile, many medicinal plants are very beautiful and quite worthy to take a place in a mixborder or on a slide.

The question may arise - why plant medicinal plants if there are pharmacies on every corner. There are several reasons. Firstly, in most cases, prices bite, and for many elderly people, every 100 rubles matters. Secondly, to obtain rare types of raw materials that are not always available in a pharmacy. Thirdly, this way you can be sure of the environmental safety of what you use, in the absence of an unpleasant addition in the form of heavy metals, radiation, pesticides in medicinal herbs.

Oregano Aureum with onions
Oregano Aureum with onions

Oregano Aureum with onions

To place plants, you can use all the same landscape forms as when planting ornamental plants:

slides and rockeries;

  • mixborders and ridges;
  • flower beds and borders;
  • compositions from woody and shrub plants.

And how to group them is up to you. It is better for beginners to simply include medicinal plants in existing plantings, but for "advanced users" who are familiar with a large number of species, you can even make some plantings from some medicinal plants.

Small plants, both herbaceous and shrubs, are suitable for creating a slide. This can be, for example, immortelle, tenacious thyme, creeping thyme, erect cinquefoil, undersized forms of oregano and calendula, as well as such a scarce and exotic plant as Rhodiola rosea. You can create a Mediterranean-style slide on which to place medicinal sage, lavender, medicinal hyssop, Italian immortelle and, of course, creeping thyme. All of these species have many forms with different color and texture of the leaves. This will allow you to create a masterpiece with a relatively small number of views. The only negative is that most of these wonderful forms are of European origin and are not as winter-hardy as we would like.

Assortment of plants for medicinal composition

Fragrant Mirris and Angelica officinalis
Fragrant Mirris and Angelica officinalis

Fragrant Mirris and Angelica officinalis

The list of plants for a mixborder is simply overwhelming. In addition to those listed above, you can plant species from such commonplace as St. John's wort, marshmallow, elecampane, motherwort, wormwood, blue cyanosis, meadowsweet, lemon balm, yarrow, fragrant myrrh, medicinal sage, to such rare ones as peony evading, leuzea safflower (maral root), umbelliferous centaury, and purple and pale echinacea, which have already become habitual in our areas.

Oregano ordinary
Oregano ordinary

Oregano ordinary

Oregano vulgaris Variegatum
Oregano vulgaris Variegatum

Oregano vulgaris Variegatum

The range of plants is so extensive that you can even create a slide or mixborder in a certain range.

Here, for example, is a list of plants for a pink mixborder: thick-leaved berry, oregano, centaury umbrella, medicinal hyssop, forest mallow, fistus monarda, stonecrop, duck peony, medicinal burnet, yarrow, thyme, purpurea echinacea.

Hyssop medicinal
Hyssop medicinal

Hyssop medicinal

Blue cornflower of various colors
Blue cornflower of various colors

Blue cornflower of various colors

Or, for example, in the blue range: blue cornflower, Moldavian snakehead, medicinal hyssop, real lavender, medicinal lungwort, peppermint, milk thistle or spicy-motley, safflower leuzea, blue blue, tricolor violet, medicinal sage, Baikal skullcap.

Cucumber herb, hyssop, thyme
Cucumber herb, hyssop, thyme

Cucumber herb, hyssop, thyme

Thyme and basil
Thyme and basil

Thyme and basil

For a yellow mixborder, arnica, woolly astragalus, yellow gentian, elecampane tall, St.

Salvia officinalis Icterina, lemon-scented thyme Doone Vallery, etc
Salvia officinalis Icterina, lemon-scented thyme Doone Vallery, etc

Salvia officinalis Icterina, lemon-scented thyme Doone Vallery, etc.

Woody plants provide great opportunities for imagination: linden and hazel, hawthorn and black elderberry, wild rose, common juniper and common barberry, exotics of the Far East aralia and eleutherococcus, lemongrass and Manchurian walnut, high lure shrub. And in the shade, you can plant a fragrant violet, wild garlic or incense.

Aralia Manchu
Aralia Manchu

Aralia Manchu

Zamaniha high
Zamaniha high

Zamaniha high

Do not forget that many ornamental plants are medicinal and can also be used for medicinal purposes. Skumpia leather has an astringent effect, nasturtium - anti-sclerotic and antiviral, the well-known daisy - expectorant for coughing, and marigolds and Kuril tea help with indigestion.

Common barberry
Common barberry

Common barberry

Skumpia leather
Skumpia leather

Skumpia leather

Treat with herbs from your garden

How to approach the placement and selection of an assortment of medicinal plants? First you need to remember all your sores and your household and decide on the direction of action of the plants. In the next step, try to find the thickest book on medicinal plants and choose the largest possible list of species with the required action. Then revise the list, discarding all plants that have side effects, are poisonous and those that simply do not grow in our zone. And, finally, first (albeit only on paper) choose plants that are in harmony with each other and have different flowering periods. And in conclusion, find the planting and seed material of the desired species, read more about how to grow them and place them beautifully on the site.

Melissa officinalis
Melissa officinalis

Melissa officinalis

Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis

Salvia officinalis

As an example of an assortment of plants with anti-cold and anti-tussive action, the following list can be cited - thyme, oregano, elecampane, marshmallow, echinacea, sage, mallow, dense-flowered mullein, lungwort. It would seem that the species are well-known from visiting the pharmacy, but they look very nice on the site and it makes sense to plant them. In addition, even with the wrong dosage, they will never cause poisoning, which is important for beginners in herbal medicine.

Narrow-leaved lavender
Narrow-leaved lavender

Narrow-leaved lavender

Snakehead moldavian
Snakehead moldavian

Snakehead moldavian

Or here is the assortment of gastric plants - marsh calamus, common agaric, large plantain, thick-leaved berry, flax, medicinal burnet, again marshmallow and vegetable plants - dill and caraway. All of them are practically harmless, but their effect is different, for some it is fixing (burnet, bergenia), for some it is enveloping (flax and marshmallow), and some have a wonderful ability to relieve spasms of the gastrointestinal tract (dill, caraway seeds, agape). Similar lists can be made for other common health problems.

Medicinal rosemary
Medicinal rosemary

Medicinal rosemary

Medicinal plants in containers for a patio or balcony are an opportunity to expand the range and get those that do not grow in our climate in the open field. In the summer they are taken out for a walk, and in the winter they live indoors. These types include rosemary, common thyme, common myrtle, pomegranate, citrus and some others.

They can be diluted with common aromatic plants, such as mint, lemon balm, nasturtium, etc. Basil can look especially advantageous, which is currently represented by an abundance of varieties with very different texture and color of leaves, bush shape, and, finally, aroma.

The introduction of medicinal plants in landscape work and phytodesign is a creative process, but it requires additional specific knowledge, which, if desired, can be found in the corresponding books. And magazines for gardeners also began to pay attention to this issue, however, so far very little.

Based on the materials of the GreenInfo.ru seminar at the "Flowers / Flowers-IPM-2013"

Photo: Elena Malankina, Rita Brilliantova

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