Table of contents:
- To stay in history, you need to create a piece of eternity …
- What is humus for?
- Basic principles of creating a garden or flower garden
- Flower Arrangement Lessons
- Decoration of tree trunk circles
- The garden gives peace and relaxation
Video: Is A Private Garden A Window To Another Dimension?
Today, the emphasis is on natural herbs, wild plants and, especially, on lush clumps of cereals. Cereals are at the very top of fashion. The negligence, some "neglect" of cereals get along well with the severity of the geometry of garden forms, they perfectly complement each other.
Like this! A sophisticated display of individuality above a straightforward display of luxury and social status.
Creating an individual unique garden is not an easy and not fast task, but we have someone to learn from. The first to open to the public the gates of private estates included in the National Gardens Map were the British. Each such site is a living textbook on landscape art. For example, in the gardens created by Beatrice Shatto, you can find everything that we call a trend today.
To stay in history, you need to create a piece of eternity …
Beatrice Shatto is the author of the first three gardens in the world, united into a single whole: Gravel, Water and Shadow, located near the city of Colchester, in Essex. The famous dry garden was established in 1992 on the site of an old parking lot. Only drought tolerant plants grow in the Gravel Garden. The goal was to create a garden that does not need watering.
When laying the garden, the plants were planted in the soil filled with humus, later, once every two to three years, they were mulched with a layer of gravel in order to preserve moisture in the soil and control the appearance of weeds. In the Gravel Garden, various types of onions with purple balls-inflorescences, bergenia with dense leathery leaves, catnip with miniature blue flowers in ears, vervains with pink whorls, prostrate thyme, undersized alissum with lush pink inflorescences, flax with sky-blue
flowers and other plants.
From the hot Gravel Garden you can walk down the comfortable steps to the Water Garden - the "kingdom" of moisture-loving plants. It was built on the site of an old swamp.
Astilbe, daylilies, sedges, buzulniks, marigolds, peaches, American lisichiton are planted here. In partial shade, geraniums prevail, padding of cuffs, periwinkle and flowering wild strawberries are used, the pink caps of the mountaineer delight with abundant flowering.
In the largest pond of the Water Garden, a small blue boat is tied up. Having seen her once, it is impossible to forget her.
The Shadow Garden was laid in the dense shade of century-old oak trees. The natural transition from trees to herbaceous plants here is created by shade-tolerant shrubs, such as: exochorda, mock-mushrooms, mahonia, cotoneaster, currants, irga. All traditional ornamental deciduous plants and shade-loving ephemeroids, a large number of grasses are present. “I can’t name a clear reason why herbs have become so popular lately,” says the owner of the garden. “They are part of our culture. I am happy that people understand that cereals are more than just a weed, that they give the garden a different dimension."
Beatrice Shatto, using her shady garden as an example, showed what can be done under the forest canopy. In such a garden, the emphasis is on plants with different shapes, colors and sizes of leaves. Experimental gardener Beatrice Shatto received 10 Chelsea gold medals for her gardens.
When creating your private garden, let's remember her tips and take them into service!
Anything that seems like a disadvantage at first glance can be turned into an asset for your garden.
Ornamental plants with appropriate environmental requirements can be selected for each location.
It is possible to practice organic gardening with the full natural chain without using pesticides.
High-quality soil is the key to successful growth and decorativeness of plants. The most wonderful substrate for improving the structure of soil fertility is self-prepared compost.
What is humus for?
In compost (soil humus) - humus, almost all elements of their mineral nutrition are contained in a form accessible to plants. According to experts, the soil, rich in organic matter, has the ability to slow down the movement of salts of heavy metals and radionuclides, accelerates the process of plant growth with favorable moisture capacity and optimal temperature conditions. Organic matter protects the soil from compaction, blocks the decomposition of toxic substances. Humus or compost is a habitat for beneficial microorganisms, insects and worms that help us create and maintain a "living" soil on the site.
Basic principles of creating a garden or flower garden
Gardening basics do not contain ready-made recipes. Here everyone has the opportunity to show their individuality. However, there are general principles to look out for:
- the relationship of shape and color;
- the proportionality of parts and the whole when building a composition;
- the optimal ratio is usually associated with the golden ratio, expressed by a series of numbers: 3: 5; 5: 8; 8:13; 13:21, etc.;
- simplicity, no clutter.
Plants selected for a specific site should complement each other in terms of height, color, flowering period. It is important that the conditions of this site are suitable for them.
Flower Arrangement Lessons
Do not be afraid to plant exotic and familiar plants nearby. The main thing is that you must create favorable conditions for the growth and development of each of them.
It is necessary to take into account the compatibility of plants in color, texture and shape. It is advisable to plant flowers of cold colors on the sides of the composition, shading the bright and warm palette of the central part.
A simple method of mutual influence of colors has long been known: when two colors are compared, an additional color of the other is added to each. This is one of the secrets of the famous successful gardens: flower borders were created by garden masters with subtle, subtle transitions from warm to cold tones. A gradual change of color was revealed to the eyes of the garden visitor as they moved forward. At the same time, pale pink shades were combined with pale yellow, and bright red with bright yellow. The lavender combination has been used in combination with lavender colors to combine purples and blues.
Decoration of tree trunk circles
To make your garden more colorful, you can turn tree trunks into flower beds. At the same time, the flowers will serve as a reliable mulch, keeping the roots moist.
After clearing it of weeds, an additional layer of garden soil and compost from 5 to 10 cm must be poured around the entire tree trunk circle.It will improve the structure of the soil near the tree and supply nutrients not only to the flowers, but also to the roots of the tree itself. Small-bulbous plants can be planted in such flower beds from autumn. They will bloom immediately after the snow melts. In the spring, during the flowering period of trees, after the threat of frost, seedlings of spectacular perennials can be planted in the trunk circles, such as: perennial flax "Sapphire" (Lipum perenne), Aubrieta deltoidea, a mixture (Aubrieta deltoidea), Aubrieta hybrida, herbal carnation "Carmine" (Diantus deltoids). Or seedlings of annuals: Drummond's phlox "Promis white", "Pretty woman in raspberry", "Pretty woman in blue" (Phlox drummondii),biennial seedlings - garden blue forget-me-not (Myosotis). If it is not possible to grow seedlings, in late April - early May, seeds of Nemophila menziesii can be sown directly into the ground.
The basic rule when decorating near-stem circles is that plants planted under the crowns should not be competitors to the tree.
The garden gives peace and relaxation
This season, the rose is again the queen of flowers in the garden, the fashion for colorful flower beds is gradually disappearing. Along with the majestic rose gardens, there are plantings of the most unpretentious interesting varieties and species of simple plants with flowers of delicate color, such as: foxglove (Digitalis), delphinium (Delphinium), aflatun onion (Allium aflatunense), paniculata phlox (Phlox paniculata), hosta (Hosta), chickweed (Cerastium), narrow-leaved lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), various ground cover flowering plants growing into "pillows".
No wonder 70s fashion is back today! Since it was at this turn of the last century that ecological design arose - a new phenomenon in the history of artistic design, representing a completely independent line in modern world design and aimed at harmonizing human relations with the outside world.
Each person has his own garden, his own idea of beauty, comfort, harmony with nature. “We all come from childhood,” growing up, we want to return to it. At least for a moment, feel small, happy again. Wake up in the morning, close your eyes from the bright sun, anticipating a clear, cheerful, surprisingly long day, run barefoot through the morning dew and again feel that your soul is getting cramped, but good from everything that surrounds you. We need gardens in which those trees, bushes and flowers grow that grew in the garden of our grandmothers. The chirping of birds, chirping of grasshoppers, the scent of roses, the murmur of water and the flight of a dragonfly - all this, like a "time machine", returns us to the happy times of our carefree childhood, takes us to another dimension! But more than anything else, we want to raise our children and grandchildren healthy and happy. Having matured,they will remember their barefoot carefree childhood spent in your garden and want to give all these sensations to their children and grandchildren.
"Landscape solutions" No. 1 (12) - 2012
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