Noah's Ark In Northern Austria

Noah's Ark In Northern Austria
Noah's Ark In Northern Austria

Video: Noah's Ark In Northern Austria

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Noah’s Ark – Bert Appermont 2023, February
Anonim

Small old Austrian cities are always good on their own, especially in summer when everything is blooming and fragrant. But the most surprising thing is that some of them conceal completely unexpected things.

One of these places turned out to be Noah's Ark in the town of Schiltern, which the Austrians sometimes proudly call the gene bank. I will say right away that I have not seen boxes and cans of seeds on the shelves and in refrigerators, as, for example, in our VIR or German Gatersleben. Behind the ancient gates, we were met by a charming corner filled with wonderful decorative, vegetable and fruit plants. Indeed, each creature has a pair - however, creatures are only vegetable.

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Extremely decorative in a relatively small area, there are many types and forms. Small plots are allocated for various vegetables and ornamental plants, but the varieties planted and sown there represent well the variety of this or that frequenter of our gardens. Apart from the fact that each sample had a label, stands were placed in different places, explaining the concept of the project. There it was explained to visitors that the varieties were created through long-term selection over several generations, adapting them to different conditions, and the main task is to preserve them for future generations.

As it turned out, Noah's Ark is a whole concept for the preservation of local varieties and forms of cultivated plants, as well as interesting imported specimens (as a result of the industrialization of agriculture and the transition to hybrids, 75% of local varieties and forms were lost). This society was founded in 1989 by the initiative of biology teachers and teachers, farmers and journalists who realized the threat to diversity in the face of seed companies, adherents of genetically modified plants, and also as a result of climate change, and decided to take the conservation of variety into their own hands. They formulated their goal precisely as a high mission - to return a variety of ancient varieties to their private plots.

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Moreover, not only researchers are engaged in this. Everyone who wants to grow interesting plants on their plots is involved in the project. And the goal is indeed very noble - the preservation of local diversity.

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The beginning of the collection was laid in the early 1980s by Nancy Aarrowsmith and at first it was mainly vegetable plants, but then fruit, decorative, cereal, grain and industrial crops joined them.

Cabbage under a pest net
Cabbage under a pest net

Cabbage under a pest net

At present, the collection includes over 6,000 samples of cultivated plants. They are described, reproduced and the seeds are available for hobbyists. To maintain such a collection in a scientific institution requires very large costs and areas. And here the population voluntarily and gratuitously supports and reproduces local varieties of vegetable, spicy and fruit plants under the strict guidance of specialists.

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The collection has grown very rapidly through exchanges with scientific institutions and individuals and is currently the largest private collection representing the variety of useful plants in Central and South-Eastern Europe.

Spanish artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)
Spanish artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)

Spanish artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)

Spanish artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)
Spanish artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)

Spanish artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)

Currently, a demonstration area is available for most visitors, where the most interesting plant varieties are shown. In the old baroque castle garden, surrounded by walls, the amazing atmosphere of the old garden has been preserved. Even lectures are read to amateurs in an old pavilion with painted walls. There, in the coolness, you can read a botanical book from the local library. The same pavilion can be rented for a wedding or anniversary.

Lecture Pavilion
Lecture Pavilion

Lecture Pavilion

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The demonstration site is divided into 9 thematic areas: fruit, berry, vegetable, medicinal, decorative, aromatic, etc. plants. All species and varieties are marked with informative labels, and if someone wants to be told more, sightseeing and thematic excursions are held on weekends.

On the site you can find a schedule of lectures that are read by both advanced amateurs and specialists.

Thematic exhibitions are periodically arranged - for example, we "hit" the mint. The pots of mint varieties, varied in appearance and aroma, were arranged as if on parade and were labeled with names. Although, to be honest, the name of some species caused great botanical doubts.

Multi-cut catnip
Multi-cut catnip

Multi-cut catnip

Mint
Mint

Mint

At the service of visitors is a shop with seeds and planting containers with plants. The selection of seeds is quite large, but the seeds are not just expensive, but, in my opinion, very expensive - 5-10 euros per bag, even very beautiful, I am not ready to give it away. Probably, the local population perceives this price as a kind of charitable contribution. Although our tourists also bought, just in case, to give seeds in the amount of 80-120 euros. But I bought lemon thyme in a pot for 3 euros. Before these I suffered for a long time, because, in addition to lemon, there was also variegated and with purple leaves, however, with the usual smell.

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Several hours spent in this oasis with a high mission left the impression of a good profitability of the enterprise. In general, the goal is lofty, and the money does not just drip, but flows in a stream in winter, and in a full-fledged river in summer. A good example of combining high with material. And the main thing is that everyone is good!

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