Parc Floral - Part Of The Botanical Garden Of Paris

Parc Floral - Part Of The Botanical Garden Of Paris
Parc Floral - Part Of The Botanical Garden Of Paris

Video: Parc Floral - Part Of The Botanical Garden Of Paris

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The Botanical Garden of Paris consists of four branches located in different parts of the city. In the Bois de Boulogne - in the western part of the city - there are the Bagatelle Park and the Auteuil Greenhouses, in the Bois de Vincennes in the eastern part - the Floral Park and the Breuil school arboretum. The total area of ​​the Paris Botanical Garden is 83 hectares, the basis of its constantly growing collection is 20 thousand species of plants.

Floral Park
Floral Park

Floral Park

I managed to visit the Floral Park twice - in July and in November, and both times I was fascinated by its beauty, kindness and diversity. The Floral Park and the Château de Vincennes can be reached by driving to the final metro station Chateau de Vincennes (line 1). The Vincennes forest has been part of the royal hunting grounds since the 13th century, now 31 hectares of its area are given to the botanical garden.

The history of the foundation of the Floral Park is as follows. In 1959 and 1964 in Paris, at the College of New Industrial Technologies (CNIT), two international flower exhibitions were successfully held. To hold the next, third exhibition in 1969, it was decided to set up a new Parc Floral in a dedicated area of ​​the Bois de Vincennes, where the Pyramid and the Cartoucherie military structures used to stand. During the construction, a number of historical buildings were preserved, a small pine grove with an area of ​​3 hectares and a clearing with an oak tree, symbolizing the royal justice of Louis IX, who administered it, sitting in a clearing under an oak tree.

The park's planning was carried out by landscape architect Daniel Colin. Various landscape zones have been identified in the park. The entire territory is divided into a number of thematic gardens, combining plants into groups according to different characteristics: according to climatic zones of growth (garden of tropical plants, garden of succulents), individual genera (gardens of camellias, ivy, orchids), methods of use (gardens of medicinal and garden plants, garden flavors), the method of cultivation (bonsai garden) or flowering time (garden of four seasons).

Floral Park. Flower bed chamomile
Floral Park. Flower bed chamomile

Floral Park. Flower bed chamomile

Having bought a ticket for 3 euros, we enter the park and find ourselves on a round area paved in the form of a chamomile, with an alpine slide in the center. Asphalt paths run from it to different ends of the park. The path to the right will lead to the library of the park, to the left - to the pavilion with butterflies, to the garden of garden and medicinal plants. The central path leads to the Valley of Flowers, which is spread over three hectares, or the Garden of the Four Seasons, as it is also called. Here, replacing each other, from early spring to late autumn, 1200 species and varieties of plants bloom. In spring, more than 200 varieties of tulips delight visitors with their diversity and the same number of dahlias in autumn. Every year, the park hosts an international competition for new varieties of dahlias. Rich collections of various varieties of tulips, hydrangeas, peonies, irises, pansies, rhododendrons are skillfully inscribed in the landscape.

The Four Seasons Garden is the most visited place in the park. A covered stage and lawns, located amphitheater on the opposite bank of an artificial lake, form a green concert hall, decorated with mixborders and flower beds. The composition and composition of the plants in them are regularly changed in accordance with the changing themes. The Valley of Flowers stage hosts annual jazz and classical music festivals.

Floral Park. Mixborders
Floral Park. Mixborders

Floral Park. Mixborders

The artificial lake and ponds form the aquatic plant zone. One of the ponds is completely filled with lotuses. In July, you can admire these legendary plants blooming, raising their majestic flowers above human height. The second pond is occupied by flora characteristic of bog and coastal zones. The collection of various nymphs that adorn most of the park's reservoirs includes 80 varieties.

Blooming lotus
Blooming lotus

Blooming lotus

Coastal flora
Coastal flora

Coastal flora

In the northern part of the lake, the fountain by François Stahly cascades down its waters, filling the park's reservoirs. Various waterfowl have arranged their nests in them. In May-June, dignified families of geese, ducks and swans walk along the valley, like teachers with a group of kindergarten. They have long been accustomed to the neighborhood of Parisians and tourists who treat them with bread crumbs. But I have never met waterfowl with such unusual paws, it looks like they were guests from the neighboring zoo.

Floral Park. Fountain of Steel
Floral Park. Fountain of Steel

Floral Park. Fountain of Steel

Aquatic inhabitant
Aquatic inhabitant

Aquatic inhabitant

At the entrance to the Valley of Flowers is the Garden of Evolution. Signs on the garden's dirt paths will point you in the direction of development from the oldest plant families to the youngest. The scientific side of the work of botanists is clearly visible here: the plants planted by families and genera are provided with tablets and carefully systematized so as to show their most characteristic features.

Behind the stage, in the depths of the park, there are 28 small glass pavilions with courtyards near them. These are themed plant gardens. You can freely and free of charge look into any pavilion you like: Garden of Tropical Plants, Garden of Succulents, Garden of Bonsai, Garden of Nature in Paris and others. In each pavilion, climatic conditions are maintained that are favorable for the growth of plants inhabiting it.

Floral Park. In the pavilion of tropical plants
Floral Park. In the pavilion of tropical plants

Floral Park. In the pavilion of tropical plants

Collections of plants that do not require maintenance of special climatic conditions are planted in the ground and edged with paths, allowing you to see all the living exhibits. Flowers, as a rule, are placed on artificial slopes along the paths of the Valley of Flowers or in flower beds in the courtyards of pavilions, surrounded by wooden paths with a canopy raised above the ground.

Floral Park. Thematic gardens
Floral Park. Thematic gardens

Floral Park. Thematic gardens

Floral Park. Thematic gardens
Floral Park. Thematic gardens

Floral Park. Thematic gardens

Accommodation features allow visitors to admire the beauty of all plants without disturbing the integrity of the garden. The planted collections occupy a significant area of ​​the Valley of Flowers, being a living decoration of the green concert hall. For example, a luxurious collection of irises consists of 2060 species and varieties, herbaceous peonies - from 265, daylilies - from 120. Collections of larger plants - 220 taxa of rhododendrons, 310 - camellias, 60 - hydrangeas - are planted in the vast forest park. They wonderfully decorate and enliven the landscapes of the pine grove. Landscapes with blooming camellias and hydrangeas leave an indelible impression in autumn; their late bloom gives the autumn park a unique charm.

Hydrangeas in the Floral park
Hydrangeas in the Floral park

Hydrangeas in the Floral park

A significant part of the park is equipped for active recreation of Parisians. It is prohibited to enter the park by car; here people only use bicycles and velomobiles that can be rented. Also, a mini-train with an electric motor runs through the territory. It can be used for a quick tour of the park or for transportation to remote areas, for example, to a mini golf course.

There is a picnic area in the pine grove. Paved paths await cyclists, while tennis courts, ping-pong tables, a volleyball field and a climbing wall for sports enthusiasts. Playgrounds are built taking into account different age categories of young visitors. A garden with garden plants has been grown here especially for the little ones, so that young townspeople can see with their own eyes how the vegetables they eat grow. Near the vegetable garden there are gardens of medicinal, aromatic and poisonous plants, where children and adults get acquainted with the flora, which is useful for everyone to know "by sight."

Each of the branches of the Paris Botanical Garden, in addition to scientific work, specializes in performing a number of tasks facing the entire institution. For the Floral park, these are educational and educational work with children. Groups of children of preschool and school age, led by two or three adults, relaxing on the lawns of the park or huddled around a guide, are familiar to everyone here. Al fresco lunch, fun games on the lawn, and environmental stories teach kids how to be good for nature.

Children in the Floral park
Children in the Floral park

Children in the Floral park

The largest pavilion in the park, the Maison du Parc et du Bois, houses an information center, a library and a reading room. The park's library contains over 6,000 publications on botany, ecology, the history of the Bois de Vincennes, and includes a large number of children's books and themed games.

Butterfly Garden (Paris Nature. Jardin des Papillons) is located in one of the pavilions, especially loved by children. There are no overseas exotic specimens here, but there are many characteristic inhabitants of this region, which can be seen on the street in summer. Among the eternal summer, there is an opportunity not only to get a closer look at representatives of about 30 species of butterflies, get acquainted with the whole cycle of insect development and even observe, if you are lucky, how a butterfly hatches from a pupa, but also invite them to ride on your palm. Gullible winged beauties often get to know visitors closely, choosing a spot on their clothes or exposed parts of the body. It was pleasant to watch how, leaving, the children carefully helped each other to transplant the hostesses of the pavilion onto some leaf, trying to keep their fragile beauty intact.

In the butterfly pavilion
In the butterfly pavilion

In the butterfly pavilion

On weekends, the number of children with their parents increases, because Floral Park is adjacent to the Paris Zoo.

From afar, I liked two adjacent pavilions with bonsai. In front of the entrance is a Japanese garden, inside is the stunning beauty and variety of these living works of art. On the stand there are diagrams with all styles of bonsai, principles of their formation and cultivation. About 60 living exhibits of various styles represent the whole variety of this art. Many of them are grown here, and specimens from other collections are often exhibited along with them. Each plant is provided with a plate indicating the age and species.

Floral Park. Japanese garden
Floral Park. Japanese garden

Floral Park. Japanese garden

Floral Park. Bonsai Pavilion
Floral Park. Bonsai Pavilion

Floral Park. Bonsai Pavilion

The pavilion with cacti and succulents delighted with the rare variety of Mexican vegetation. What kind of ornaments from thorns are not here! A real showcase of decoratively designed natural devices for saving water by plants.

Each time of the year, the park prepares its own surprises for visitors. One day in June my attention was attracted by an unusual huge bush with monstrous leaves. He stood on a lawn under a pine tree, bathing in the sun, and looked like Gulliver among other herbaceous plants. Coming closer, I read on the plate that this is a sleeve gunner (Gunnera manikata), also called the Brazilian giant rhubarb. Gunner is a unique relict plant from the Jurassic period - probably just such "grass" dinosaurs once ate. Being a moisture-loving plant, it has taken root well in the European climate and calmly tolerates an average European winter with frosts down to -10 ° C, provided that the leaves are cut off and the roots mulched in autumn. Large cones that fell from a pine tree seemed to me like toys on leaves that were larger than a large umbrella.And under the leaves were hiding shaggy brushes of inflorescences

Gunner's sleeve
Gunner's sleeve

Gunner's sleeve

Walking along the paths of the park at the beginning of November, I was amazed by the beauty of autumn colors, which usually pleases us in the Moscow region in September. A variety of blooming camellias emphasized the unique charm of unexpectedly bright autumn landscapes. The collection of various maples stood out for the colors of their crowns. Especially unusually delicate lilac-pink leaves of the palm-shaped maple (Acer palmatum "Azahi-Zuru").

The autumn park also gave me a riddle: on all deciduous trees during the fall of leaves, garlands of dry leaves, tightly strung on a cord, were hung. Maybe these are insects seeking a place to winter? Or pest traps?

One of the main tasks of the Parisian Botanical Gardens is the supply of seedlings for landscaping the streets of the city. So the appearance in the park of a pavilion called "House of Paris nature" (Mason Paris nature) with samples of plants that the townspeople see every day on the streets of the city is not accidental. The variety of plants used (in particular, ivy and pelargonium) is amazing. The local collection of geraniums numbers 230 taxa, hosts - 110, fragrant pelargonium - 80, astilbe - 145 taxa.

Floral Park. Entrance to the Parisian Nature Pavilion
Floral Park. Entrance to the Parisian Nature Pavilion

Floral Park. Entrance to the Parisian Nature Pavilion

The Camelias et Fourgeres pavilion houses a collection of Japanese camellias and ferns. Plants, loved by Parisians, often adorn the balconies of apartments and public gardens. The collection of camellias in the Floral park numbers 310 taxa, and the ferns number 170, while a significant part of the collections has long become an integral part of the park's biocenosis.

Floral park scheme
Floral park scheme

Floral park scheme

Photo by the author

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