Botanical Garden In Bonn

Botanical Garden In Bonn
Botanical Garden In Bonn

Video: Botanical Garden In Bonn

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Video: Video Walk - Botanical Garden Bonn / Botanischer Garten Bonn 2023, January
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Bonn is a city that is small, quiet and unhurried by our standards. Most of its districts and suburbs end with the word Dorf, which means village. In one of these dorfs, namely in Poppelsdorf, there is a botanical garden. It does not exist by itself, but is a subdivision of the University of Bonn, one of the most famous in Germany, in which many famous people, very different in their political views, have managed to study - from Karl Marx to J. Goebbels. Chemist A.F. Kukule discovered the structure of the benzene ring, and O. Wallach developed his theories on the structure of terpenes and isolated some components of essential oils in pure form. Ex-Pope Benedict XVI managed to teach theology at the University of Bonn.

Roses around the pond near the palace
Roses around the pond near the palace

Roses around the pond near the palace

On 12 hectares of the botanical garden there are about 11 thousand species of plants. In fact, it consists of several divisions: the botanical garden itself around the palace, an accessible collection of useful plants and a separate site in the Venusberg area that is closed to visitors. A lot of material for research and scientific work has been collected here, as it is now customary to say in the scientific world - the gene pool. At the same time, it is a place of recreation and cultural programs for the people of Bonn. It is visited annually by about 140 thousand people. And admission is free. Rather, if you want to visit a thematic excursion or organize your child's birthday with an educational bias, then “prepare your money”, but you can simply come for a walk just like that.

In a tropical greenhouse
In a tropical greenhouse

In a tropical greenhouse

The roots of the botanical garden began to sprout in this area a long time ago. Since 1340, it was the possession of the Cologne Elector with hunting grounds. In 1650, a typical Renaissance garden was laid out at the then existing palace and greenhouses were added. For over 200 years, there has been an amusement park for the Electors of Cologne. From time to time during the wars, the palace and the garden were destroyed, but they invariably were revived again in this place, in the current style at that time. Since 1720, a baroque garden was laid, which has retained its structure to this day. Until 1746, Clemens Augustus of Bavaria created a rococo palace. In his time, two European beeches were planted, which lived for more than 250 years, they were called so - the beeches of Clemens Augustus. But from old age they were no longer in the best condition,and one of the trees fell under the pressure of Hurricane Kirill (January 18, 2007), and the second fell after some time.

During the rule of Prussia in 1818, the palace and the surrounding park were transferred to the University of Bonn and in the same year the park was declared a botanical garden.

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One of the directors of the garden, Eduard Strassburger, managed to turn the botanical garden into the second most important garden in Prussia after Berlin. Many botanists and landscape architects studied and worked in it, in particular Peter Josef Lenne, the creator of the Sanssouci Park in Potsdam (there is even a monument to him in the garden), and the director of the botanical garden in St. Petersburg, Eduard August von Regel.

During the Second World War, the garden was badly damaged, and the greenhouses were rebuilt only in 1979-1984. Since 1990, there has been an electronic database of plants growing here.

Nymphea
Nymphea

Nymphea

Nymphea
Nymphea

Nymphea

In principle, the botanical garden is arranged according to the usual scheme - the front part, located next to the palace, is a regular park with a rectangular reservoir, in which blooming nymphs are simply stunned. The reservoir is surrounded by rows of wildly blooming roses. And all this splendor is framed by picturesque plantings of various decorative and not quite plants: lavender, flax, Potentilla, rosemary. Unexpectedly, but very impressive look ephedra two-spike with fruits resembling red berries. But these are not berries, since ephedra does not belong to flowering plants.

Nymphea
Nymphea

Nymphea

Cinquefoil (Potentilla thurberi)
Cinquefoil (Potentilla thurberi)

Cinquefoil (Potentilla thurberi)

Ephedra two-spike
Ephedra two-spike

Ephedra two-spike

Euphorbia acanthotamnus
Euphorbia acanthotamnus

Euphorbia acanthotamnus

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Naturally, as in any park, there is an arboretum, which employees are very proud of. The garden has a wonderful collection of araucaria, some of which are taken out into the street only in summer. A huge sequoia, which, due to its size, cannot be photographed in its entirety, makes an indelible impression. And next to it are huge berry yews, the thickness of the trunks of which is close to 60-70 cm. At the first moment it is not even clear to whom these monumental trunks belong.

Sequoia trunk
Sequoia trunk

Sequoia trunk

Banksia
Banksia

Banksia

Southern woody plants are displayed in tubs along the greenhouses. At the entrance to the greenhouse, the Banksia proudly settled in their tubs of immense size. They bloom and bear fruit successfully. The only trouble is that if the inflorescence with fruits is not scorched with fire, then the seeds cannot break through from a very strong capsule, which opens only under the action of fire. This group of plants is called pyrophytes, and a new generation of Banksia is born in Australia after the fires, when not only seeds are freed from their captivity, but herbaceous competitors are also eliminated.

Banksia
Banksia

Banksia

Particularly delicate creatures are exhibited in the interval between greenhouses, so that they suffer less from weather cataclysms. Here stood the most diverse representatives of Proteus in tubs. They are often used in bouquets, but for cultivation in culture they are considered not the easiest species. The University of Bonn has one of the finest collections of these South African plants. One of the specimens was grown from seed and has been growing successfully since 1962. And he was even taken to an exhibition in Chelsea.

Individual parts of the garden represent the flora of certain parts of the world and those plants grow there that can winter in Germany, and in summer they are supplemented by sissies exhibited from the greenhouse.

Swamp
Swamp

Swamp

Swamp
Swamp

Swamp

Aquatic plants
Aquatic plants

Aquatic plants

The tour researcher proudly led our multilingual crowd to the bog behind the fence. Judging by the location, there shouldn't be a swamp there, but if you look closely, you can see a black film around the edges, which is often lined with ponds in our areas so that water does not leave them. So the swamp was completely artificial. In general, plants well known to all of us grew there, most of which are easy to find in our native Russian swamps: watch, arrowhead, cotton grass, andromeda, cinquefoil, marigold and others. But the beauty of this swamp was that it completely mimicked a natural plant community with more than 30 species that peacefully coexist with each other for many years. And nearby, an alpine meadow with its plant community begins abruptly,smoothly turning into an alpine hill, on which, in due time, plants of the German mountains bloom and form seeds.

The aquatic plants are very nicely decorated. They settled down in a sort of round pool and you can approach them, touch them and even look into the insatiable "belly" of the sarracenia, filled with overcooked and not quite flies.

Saracenia
Saracenia

Saracenia

Everyone was very interested in the giant gunner's dyeing house. The genus Hunner from the Hunner family has about 70 species that grow in the southern hemisphere. These plants have an interesting feature - blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) settle in the lower part of the leaf petioles, which not only have the ability to photosynthesize, but are also able to fix atmospheric nitrogen.

Considering that the university is an educational institution and has an educational mission, the so-called systematic area is quite extensive. There, plants are arranged by families and are mainly represented by species that have a certain economic value. That is, if mallow - then marshmallow, cotton; if nightshades - then belladonna, dope, nightshade bittersweet (it is included in both the usual and homeopathic pharmacopoeia of Germany), and, of course, tomatoes and physalis. Umbrellas were presented from dill to ferula. The salvia officinalis, catnip, monarda double, lemon balm and a huge bush of common thyme are planted from the lambs. Unfortunately, this plant is cold in our country and it hibernates for 1-2 winters. Each family is characterized on a special plate - how many genera, how many species and even the flower formula.

Nameplate
Nameplate

Nameplate

Medicinal plants plot
Medicinal plants plot

Medicinal plants plot

A section of medicinal plants is separately identified. It is quite compact, but there are quite a lot of species there, almost all of which are widespread in our country. The only difference: on this site, sleeping pills with capsules and hemp, which were of no particular interest to anyone, grew freely.

The greenhouses where Victoria regia blossomed aroused special delight. If you can almost always admire its huge leaves in any decent garden, then you rarely see flowers, you just have to be lucky with the time of your visit.

Victoria regia flower
Victoria regia flower

Victoria regia flower

Similarly, with the flowering of amorphophallus. Several years ago I got to this event at the Berlin Botanical Garden. Here we managed to see its only powerful leaf. This strange plant can simultaneously have either a flower or a leaf that looks more like a branched trunk. Amorphophallus does not bloom for long, and when this event matures, local newspapers even advertise so that exotic lovers can come and take pictures.

Amorphophallus
Amorphophallus

Amorphophallus

Opuntia with fruits
Opuntia with fruits

Opuntia with fruits

I was personally delighted with the inflorescence of one of the types of ginger. Goethea cauliflora (Goethea cauliflora), named after I.V. Goethe, is characterized by the fact that it forms flowers directly on the trunk. This phenomenon in the plant kingdom is called caulifloria and is characteristic, for example, of cocoa. But we did not manage to find flowers, but funny little fruit hung on the trunk. In addition, the greenhouse traditionally had a lot of flowering orchids, which were more decorative than collectible.

The dry tropics were greeted by the huge round echinocactus Echinocactus grusonii, popularly called "mother-in-law's chair" and the stunning Aloe dichotoma tree.

Echinocactus Gruzon
Echinocactus Gruzon

Echinocactus Gruzon

Succulents
Succulents

Succulents

Aloe dicotoma (Aloe dicotoma)
Aloe dicotoma (Aloe dicotoma)

Aloe dicotoma (Aloe dicotoma)

Aloe many-branched (Aloe ramosissima)
Aloe many-branched (Aloe ramosissima)

Aloe many-branched (Aloe ramosissima)

In general, you should definitely visit this wonderful corner of Bonn. It is indicated in almost all guidebooks, it is located not far from the historic center, and if you do not delve into the botanical depths, then you can just walk for a couple of hours in a beautiful park with a beautiful palace and rare plants.

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