What Is Good About A Pergola And How To Build It

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What Is Good About A Pergola And How To Build It
What Is Good About A Pergola And How To Build It

Video: What Is Good About A Pergola And How To Build It

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Video: How to Build a Pergola 2023, February
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Initially, the Italians invented the pergola to relax from the scorching sun during a siesta under its vaults entwined with grapes. And now this architectural form can easily be found in Russian gardens.

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In terms of design

A pergola is a garden structure, a canopy consisting of repeating sections of arches connected by transverse beams or lathing. Its shape does not have to be round at all, even more often the roof of the pergola is made flat, creating whole corridors from type-setting structures.

Pergolas are arranged above the paths in the form of a tunnel, on the lawn or in the patio (instead of a gazebo) and decorated with climbing plants. In such a niche, a garden bench is very appropriate. It turns out to be an ideal place for walking and outdoor recreation, inaccessible to the winds. During the construction of pergolas, their form is of great importance, therefore, the supporting pillars are not completely covered with plants, they are not in the main roles here.

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The light lattice walls of the pergola-gazebo can be extended into the garden, separating the recreation area from other parts of the site. If you put light annual vines on them, you get a kind of green room. On the protruding lags, baskets with ampel annuals will comfortably fit. You should not clutter up the space around - on a paved or gravel site, three to four containers with flowering plants are enough.

The design of the pergola is good because it does not "press". And if, for example, you can't put an arch in the garden just like that, without wrapping it around with vines, then the pergola is a decoration in itself.

These openwork devices are just a godsend for a young garden. After all, while there are several twig plants on the site, which have yet to become lush bushes and thickets, decorative structures will give the garden the necessary volume. A walk along the openwork corridor will certainly appeal to romantically minded natures! It will be especially interesting in the evening if a row of lanterns with rays of soft light is installed along the lower perimeter near the ground. Even if this corridor is not yet braided with roses or maiden grapes, the trellised vaults set up a lyrical mood. The tunnel path can be covered with gravel to enhance the effect.

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It should be taken into account that the decorative tunnel should be wide and high so that those walking in it do not have a feeling of isolation. Light and airy vaults should evoke a feeling of spaciousness so that one would like to linger under them.

Another function of arches, pergolas and trellises is to cover up various "ugliness". The lattice entwined with greenery will perfectly drape, for example, a compost heap, a dull wall, a warehouse for summer cottages.

During twilight, the structure can turn your site into a bright scenery from a theatrical performance, you just need to think over the lighting system - for example, duplicate all the wooden elements of the pergola with a warm-white LED strip (just glue it). The pergola-tunnel will look very picturesque, especially entwined with greenery, if you illuminate it from ground level with lanterns with soft light.

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About vines

What supports do the creepers themselves prefer, designed to complement the image of the pergola? In general, the more delicate the structure, the better for the vines. That is, both walls and vaults should be through. In freedom, vines will quickly build up a thick "mane".

The pergola is not fragile at all, so it makes sense to put maiden grapes on it. Of course, sometimes you will have to cut out powerful shoots so that they do not hide the openwork beauty. Then your pergola will have two outfits for one season - even in autumn you won't want to leave the site looking at the crimson finish of your corridor.

Remember that different vines need different designs. For example, a climbing rose has neither thorns, nor antennae, nor adventitious roots, therefore, in addition to vertical ones, it also needs horizontal supports. For her, the best option is a lattice with rectangular cells. Grapes, echinocystis (ezheplodnik), sweet pea, Clematis like grids, where the slats are crossed at an angle of 60 to. Honeysuckle honeysuckle, actinidia kolomikta and hops can be satisfied with the most common vertical supports.

It is also important to decide on the size of the cells. If they are very large, then over time they may not withstand the mass of the vines. And if they are too small, then the design will be inexpressive, and the play of light will no longer work, it will be dark.

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The subtleties of building a pergola

Remember that a pergola made of a wooden bar is a "capital" structure, approximately 2.5 m high, which means that it requires a foundation. The most reliable option is as follows. With a garden drill, drill holes for each support pillar with a diameter of about 30 cm (with a timber thickness of 10x10 cm) and a depth of 80 centimeters. Make a sand cushion at the bottom with a layer of about 20 cm. It is necessary to compact the sand well, spilling it with water. Then a layer of fine crushed stone or gravel, 5 centimeters. Before installation, the pillars (and, in fact, all parts of the structure) must be protected from decay by treating with Pinotex. The lower part of the pillar, which will be in the well, should be wrapped with roofing felt, which will serve as waterproofing. It remains to level the supports and fill them with concrete.

On heaving soils, it is recommended, instead of bud foundations, to install sections of asbestos-cement pipes in the pits, arrange the same sand and gravel cushion in them, fill the space between the outer side of the pipe and the ground with gravel and carefully tamp it. Install the pillar wrapped with roofing material in the asbestos-cement pipe and fill the space between the pipe and the pillar with gravel, followed by tamping.

To be honest, I would prefer the option with concreting - it is more reliable this way. And even if the soil, after freezing and thawing, begins to "walk", it will still rise or fall by approximately the same height along the entire length of the pergola, even if it is arranged in the form of a tunnel above the path.

There are also options for treating the lower parts of the posts to prevent rotting. Mix the bitumen with diesel fuel in such a ratio that the bitumen becomes fluid in consistency, similar to paint and is applied to the wood with a brush. Well, and the "old-fashioned" method, rather for reflection - those parts of the pillars that will be below ground level, scorch until black appears with a blowtorch. Seems strange? Everything is understandable - a layer of coal forms on the surface of the wood, and coal in the ground does not rot.

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The main secret of the design

The roof of the pergola looks like a blind. But in order for them to really work, one point must be taken into account during construction. Ever wondered why the top of the pergola has such wide boards, although they are installed vertically on the edge? The fact is that if you orient the structure along the length from east to west, then the morning and evening sun will shine along the boards and nothing will prevent its rays from freely penetrating between these boards, and in the daytime the rays fall to the ground at an angle, that is, they shine " across the boards "- it means that most of them are delayed by the boards. As a result, on a hot afternoon, partial shade forms inside the pergola, and in the morning and evening it is not hot anyway.

Fabulous beanberry pergola in England
Fabulous beanberry pergola in England

Fabulous beanberry pergola in England

Photo: Rita Brilliantova

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