Simple Dried Flowers? No, Mysterious Immortelles

Simple Dried Flowers? No, Mysterious Immortelles
Simple Dried Flowers? No, Mysterious Immortelles

Video: Simple Dried Flowers? No, Mysterious Immortelles

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Video: Fast Dried Flowers for Junk Journals in Under 2 Minutes! Easy Process Tutorial! The Paper Outpost!:) 2023, January
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The beauty of a living flower is fleeting and fragile, but there are representatives in the kingdom of Flora that have unique properties: they do not die off after the end of the growing season, retaining their lively beauty for quite a long time. And the name of these plants received a corresponding - immortelle, from the French word "immortelle", which means "immortal". This quality is reflected in the Russian names of some flowers well known to us. For example, Helichrizum is called immortelle in our country, Xerantemum is a dried flower, and amaranth is called an "unfading" flower.

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Having paid attention to the special properties of such plants in ancient times, in the Middle Ages, such plants began to be specially grown in gardens. They began to be used to compose winter bouquets, create decorative panels and compositions from floral materials. As Europeans discovered new countries and continents, the palette of dried flowers also expanded: xerantemum and anaphalis were added to the kermek notched, then amaranths and celosia, and with the penetration of plants from Australia into Europe in the 19th century - helipterums, helihrizum bracts and ammobium.

Today, a wide range of plant material is used to decorate interiors with dried flowers: ammobium, whose yellow baskets, dressed in white wrappers, resemble miniature daisies; spherical gomphrene with inflorescences resembling clover flowers, but with a more juicy color and a wider color range; lush panicles of kermek (limonium) of white, pink, yellow, lilac and bluish shades; and also lonas, various types of amaranths, helipterums, helichrizums, craspedia, anaphalis and many, many others. The "unfading" colors of these flowers and often their very original form help to create "dry" bouquets that preserve all the shades of a sunny summer for a long time. And some "ordinary" flowers, correctly selected and dried, can also become such an original decoration.

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Drying plant material and creating bouquets of dried flowers requires patience, meticulousness and accuracy. In order to make it convenient to work with dried flowers, it is better to purchase special devices and tools. As additional materials, you will need glue, various paints - aniline, gouache or watercolor, thin wire, plasticine, polystyrene, various decorative wooden, glass or wicker forms and containers.

It is necessary to cut off dried flowers in a state of half-release of inflorescences, so that when they dry, they retain their natural shape. Before drying, the plants must be tied at the base in small even bundles of 10-15 pcs. The associated plants are hung upside down in a shady place protected from strong air movement for 2-3 weeks. During this period, it is necessary to regularly monitor that the drying plant stems do not fall out of the bundle, for this they are periodically tied up tighter.

The dry stems of many immortelles are very fragile, so they are removed, and the flowers are carefully transplanted onto a thin flexible wire, bending it in the right direction so that the dried flower has a natural appearance.

There are quite a few different ways to preserve flowers, from simple drying in paper or in the microwave to applying a saturated sugar solution or egg white. You can master these methods and techniques by studying the literature on dried flowers, or in special courses.

Many of them can be grown on their own site and dried independently for bouquets.

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Dipsacus fullonum is also known as nap or nap. Due to its very attractive testes (heads) with a tuft at the top of the head with several encircling "hoops" of small pink flowers, this plant is often used for winter bouquets, dried flower arrangements and New Year's decorations.

Amaranth inflorescences are dried without leaves. Among the species known in culture, it is possible to note the caudate amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus), which is also called the fox tail. It has a tall (up to 1 m) purple-red stem with bright green rough leaves and panicles of brownish-red, purple-red, dark carmine, crimson and even green hanging down almost to the ground.

In hybrid amaranth, the stem is smooth, straight (up to 90 cm), the panicle is vertical, consisting of densely spaced red inflorescences.

Amaranth paniculata (Amaranthus paniculatus). Its pyramidal, bright purple and green panicles from 20 to 50 cm in length rise on high (up to 1.5 m) stems. Although there are also dwarf varieties (25–40 cm) - by the way, they are the most popular.

Dark amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus) differs from the previous species in more elongated spike-shaped inflorescences of reddish-purple, yellowish, greenish and brownish-cream color. There are forms with hanging panicles. The purple and greenish-purple leaves of this tall plant, reaching a height of one and a half meter, look original.

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Gomphrena globosa (Gomphrena globosa) is an annual from 15 to 45 cm high, with numerous globular inflorescences of white, cream, carmine or pink, resembling clover flowers. Not so long ago, another species of this plant began to be cultivated - Gomphrena haageana, which is distinguished by larger oval-shaped red or orange inflorescences.

Gelikhrizums, or the famous "immortelles" are a very numerous genus, let us touch on only some of the annual representatives of this community. The varieties of Helichrysum hracteatum are very diverse: from low (25-30 cm) spherical bushes with numerous medium-sized inflorescences to slender plants (up to 110 cm) with large, often double inflorescences. "Petals" - membranous leaves of the wrapper - are yellow, red, orange, salmon, cream, white, pink, purple.

Helichrysum cassianum is a plant 20-35 cm high with medium-sized (diameter 1-1.5 cm) pale pink inflorescences with a yellow center. Helichrysum subulifolium (Helichrysum subulifolium) - 30-40 cm high, with bright yellow non-double inflorescences and narrow leaves.

Sandy immortelle, or sandy cmin (Helichrysum arenarium) is a perennial wild plant (10-50 cm) with gray leaves. At the top of the shoots there are small cones-like inflorescences of yellow or orange color with a strong specific odor. Externally, the Tien Shan helichrysum (Helichrysum thianshanicum) is also similar to it, which also forms a bush, on which flower shoots 15-40 cm high with yellow inflorescences appear in June-July, which are larger and denser than those of sandy cmin.

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Helipterum, according to the old - acroclinum pink (Helipterum roseum) - an annual plant about 40 cm high.On numerous fragile shoots, inflorescences, very similar to Helichrisum, open up inflorescences up to 4-6 cm in diameter, with wrappers painted in pure white, pink or almost red Colour. Helipterum Mengles (Helipterum manglesii) or rodante is a short (up to 30 cm) annual plant with medium-sized inflorescences-baskets (2-3 cm in diameter). Outwardly, little similar to its relatives, the Humboldt helipterum (Helipterum gumboldtianum) or Sanford (Helipterum sanfordii) inflorescence resembles a yarrow. The bright color of these plants is perfectly preserved in dry form for more than one year, practically without fading.

Silver celosia (Celosia argentea) is an annual plant with large bright inflorescences of two types: feathery, resembling a torch, or comb, like a cockscomb. The color of both varieties is yellow, orange, red, purple, salmon.

Kermecs, or limoniums, naturally grow in arid regions, their flower cups have turned into membranous dry funnels, painted in bright colors of all kinds of shades. When dry, they stay on the plant for a long time. The corollas of the flowers inside them are delicate, inconspicuous, and disappear very quickly when they bloom. In some species, such as the notched kermek (Limonium sinuatum), or the Bondwelli kermek (Limonium bonduellii), flowers are collected in large elongated shields at the top of unbranched shoots. In Kermek broadleaf (Limonium latifolium), Kermek Gmelin (Limonium gme elinii), Kermek Tatar (Goniolimon tataricum) and Kermek Caspian (Limonium caspium), inflorescences of small white, pinkish or lilac flowers are located at the ends of the floweringthat the plant at the time of flowering resembles a fluffy cloud.

For the sake of fairness, it is worth noting that less "noble" plants can also become an excellent filling of a bouquet of dried flowers: various cereals, shy tansy with its bright yellow flowers, brick-orange horse sorrel sultans, fluffy cane panicles, plantain ditches or even just maple leaves in autumn colors. Physalis lanterns, original fruits of lunaria, dried inflorescences of garden hydrangea will become a spectacular revitalization of the composition and lanterns. You can also use such well-known thorns as erythematosus and muzzle.

Thanks to such a variety of dried flowers, nothing limits your imagination when creating various interior decorations from them. You can put the bouquet in a glass or porcelain vase, or any other original-shaped transparent glass container, masking the "technical details" with moss or cones, dried rose petals, nuts or pine needles. Or you can fix the bouquet on a ceramic dish or in an original clay pot or bowl. An unexpected "vessel" for your composition can be a tray, a candlestick, a wicker basket, and even a straw hat, a pretty driftwood or an ordinary pumpkin.

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